LP2954AIT/NOPB National Semiconductor, LP2954AIT/NOPB Datasheet - Page 10



Manufacturer Part Number
National Semiconductor

Specifications of LP2954AIT/NOPB

Regulator Topology
Positive Fixed
Voltage - Output
Voltage - Input
6 ~ 30 V
Voltage - Dropout (typical)
0.47V @ 250mA
Number Of Regulators
Current - Output
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 125°C
Mounting Type
Through Hole
Package / Case
TO-220-3 (Straight Leads)
Number Of Outputs
Input Voltage Max
30 V
Output Voltage
5 V
Output Type
Dropout Voltage (max)
0.1 V at 1 mA
Output Current
0.25 A
Line Regulation
0.1 %
Load Regulation
0.16 %
Voltage Regulation Accuracy
+/- 1.2 %
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 125 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
Voltage Regulator Type
Regulator Output Type
Polarity Type
Input Voltage (min)
Input Voltage (max)
Package Type
Output Voltage Accuracy
Operating Temp Range
-40C to 125C
Operating Temperature Classification
Pin Count
3 +Tab
Through Hole
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Current - Limit (min)
Lead Free Status / Rohs Status
Other names
Application Hints
This comparator produces a logic “LOW” whenever the out-
put falls out of regulation by more than about 5%. This figure
results from the comparator’s built-in offset of 60 mV divided
by the 1.23V reference (refer to block diagrams on page 1).
The 5% low trip level remains constant regardless of the
programmed output voltage. An out-of-regulation condition
can result from low input voltage, current limiting, or thermal
Figure 3 gives a timing diagram showing the relationship
between the output voltage, the ERROR output, and input
voltage as the input voltage is ramped up and down to a
regulator programmed for 5V output. The ERROR signal
becomes low at about 1.3V input. It goes high at about 5V
input, where the output equals 4.75V. Since the dropout
voltage is load dependent, the input voltage trip points will
vary with load current. The output voltage trip point does not
The comparator has an open-collector output which requires
an external pull-up resistor. This resistor may be connected
to the regulator output or some other supply voltage. Using
the regulator output prevents an invalid “HIGH” on the com-
parator output which occurs if it is pulled up to an external
voltage while the regulator input voltage is reduced below
1.3V. In selecting a value for the pull-up resistor, note that
while the output can sink 400 µA, this current adds to battery
drain. Suggested values range from 100 kΩ to 1 MΩ. This
resistor is not required if the output is unused.
When V
ance, allowing the error flag voltage to rise to its pull-up
voltage. Using V
external 5V source) will keep the error flag voltage below
1.2V (typical) in this condition. The user may wish to divide
down the error flag voltage using equal-value resistors
(10 kΩ suggested) to ensure a low-level logic signal during
any fault condition, while still allowing a valid high logic level
during normal operation.
* In shutdown mode, ERROR will go high if it has been pulled up to an
external supply. To avoid this invalid response, pull up to regulator output.
** Exact value depends on dropout voltage. (See Application Hints)
≤ 1.3V, the error flag pin becomes a high imped-
FIGURE 3. ERROR Output Timing
as the pull-up voltage (rather than an
The regulator output can be left connected to an active
voltage source (such as a battery) with the regulator input
power turned off, as long as the regulator ground pin is
connected to ground . If the ground pin is left floating,
damage to the regulator can occur if the output is pulled
up by an external voltage source.
In reference applications it may be advantageous to reduce
the AC noise present on the output. One method is to reduce
regulator bandwidth by increasing output capacitance. This
is relatively inefficient, since large increases in capacitance
are required to get significant improvement.
Noise can be reduced more effectively by a bypass capacitor
placed across R1 (refer to Figure 2). The formula for select-
ing the capacitor to be used is:
This gives a value of about 0.1 µF. When this is used, the
output capacitor must be 6.8 µF (or greater) to maintain
stability. The 0.1 µF capacitor reduces the high frequency
gain of the circuit to unity, lowering the output noise from 260
µV to 80 µV using a 10 Hz to 100 kHz bandwidth. Also, noise
is no longer proportional to the output voltage, so improve-
ments are more pronounced at high output voltages.
A logic-level signal will shut off the regulator output when a
“LOW” (
To prevent possible mis-operation, the Shutdown input must
be actively terminated. If the input is driven from open-
collector logic, a pull-up resistor (20 kΩ to 100 kΩ recom-
mended) should be connected from the Shutdown input to
the regulator input.
If the Shutdown input is driven from a source that actively
pulls high and low (like an op-amp), the pull-up resistor is not
required, but may be used.
If the shutdown function is not to be used, the cost of the
pull-up resistor can be saved by simply tying the Shutdown
input directly to the regulator input.
IMPORTANT: Since the Absolute Maximum Ratings state
that the Shutdown input can not go more than 0.3V below
ground, the reverse-battery protection feature which protects
the regulator input is sacrificed if the Shutdown input is tied
directly to the regulator input.
If reverse-battery protection is required in an application, the
pull-up resistor between the Shutdown input and the regula-
tor input must be used.
1.2V) is applied to the Shutdown input.

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