TDA8841

Manufacturer Part NumberTDA8841
DescriptionI2C-bus controlled PAL/NTSC TV processor
ManufacturerPhilips Semiconductors
TDA8841 datasheet
 


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Philips Semiconductors
2
I
C-bus controlled PAL/NTSC/SECAM TV
processors
Which colour standard the IC’s can decode depends on
the external X-tals. The X-tal to be connected to pin 34
must have a frequency of 3.5 MHz (NTSC-M, PAL-M or
PAL-N) and pin 35 can handle X-tals with a frequency of
4.4 and 3.5 MHz. Because the X-tal frequency is used to
tune the line oscillator the value of the X-tal frequency
2
must be given to the IC via the I
C-bus. It is also possible
to use the IC in the so called “Tri-norma” mode for South
America. In that case one X-tal must be connected to pin
34 and the other 2 to pin 35. The switching between the 2
latter X-tals must be done externally. This has the
consequence that the search loop of the decoder must be
controlled by the -computer. To prevent calibration
problems of the horizontal oscillator the external switching
between the 2 X-tals should be carried out when the
oscillator is forced to pin 34. For a reliable calibration of the
horizontal oscillator it is very important that the X-tal
indication bits (XA and XB) are not corrupted. For this
reason the X-tal bits can be read in the output bytes so that
2
the software can check the I
C-bus transmission.
Under bad-signal conditions (e.g. VCR-playback in feature
mode), it may occur that the colour killer is activated
although the colour PLL is still in lock. When this killing
action is not wanted it is possible to overrule the colour
killer by forcing the colour decoder to the required standard
and to activate the FCO-bit (Forced Colour On) in the
control-5 subaddress.
The IC’s contain a so-called “Dynamic skin tone (flesh)
control” feature. This function is realised in the YUV
domain by detecting the colours near to the skin tone. The
correction angle can be controlled via the I
RGB output circuit and black-current stabilisation
The colour-difference signals are matrixed with the
luminance signal to obtain the RGB-signals. The TDA
884X devices have one (linear) RGB input. This RGB
signal can be controlled on contrast and brightness (like
TDA 8374/75). By means of the IE1 bit the insertion
blanking can be switched on or off. Via the IN1 bit it can be
read whether the insertion pin has a high level or not.
The TDA 885X IC’s have an additional RGB input. This
RGB signal can be controlled on contrast, saturation and
brightness. The insertion blanking of this input can be
switched-off by means of the IE2 bit. Via the IN2 bit it can
be read whether the insertion pin has a high level or not.
December 16, 1997
The output signal has an amplitude of about 2 volts
black-to-white at nominal input signals and nominal
settings of the controls. To increase the flexibility of the IC
it is possible to insert OSD and/or teletext signals directly
at the RGB outputs. This insertion mode is controlled via
the insertion input (pin 26 in the S-DIP 56- and pin 38 in the
QFP-64 envelope). This blanking action at the RGB
outputs has some delay which must be compensated
externally.
To obtain an accurate biasing of the picture tube a
“Continuous Cathode Calibration” circuit has been
developed. This function is realised by means of a 2-point
black level stabilisation circuit. By inserting 2 test levels for
each gun and comparing the resulting cathode currents
with 2 different reference currents the influence of the
picture tube parameters like the spread in cut-off voltage
can be eliminated. This 2-point stabilisation is based on
the principle that the ratio between the cathode currents is
coupled to the ratio between the drive voltages according
to:
The feedback loop makes the ratio between the cathode
currents I
and I
k1
reference currents (which are internally fixed) by changing
the (black) level and the amplitude of the RGB output
signals via 2 converging loops. The system operates in
2
C-bus.
such a way that the black level of the drive signal is
controlled to the cut-off point of the gun so that a very good
grey scale tracking is obtained. The accuracy of the
adjustment of the black level is just dependent on the ratio
of internal currents and these can be made very accurately
in integrated circuits. An additional advantage of the
2-point measurement is that the control system makes the
absolute value of I
reference currents. Because this adjustment is obtained
by means of an adaption of the gain of the RGB control
stage this control stabilises the gain of the complete
channel (RGB output stage and cathode characteristic).
As a result variations in the gain figures during life will be
compensated by this 2-point loop.
15
Tentative Device Specification
TDA884X/5X-N2 series
I
V
k1
dr1
------ -
=
---------- -
I
V
k2
dr2
equal to the ratio between the
k2
and I
identical to the internal
k1
k2