MC68030RC33

Manufacturer Part NumberMC68030RC33
DescriptionMC68030RC33ENHANCED 32-BIT MICROPROCESSOR
ManufacturerMotorola
MC68030RC33 datasheet
 


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Page 243/602:

BUS SYNCHRONIZATION

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Bus Operation
7.6 BUS SYNCHRONIZATION
The MC68030 overlaps instruction execution; that is, during bus activity for one instruction,
instructions that do not use the external bus can be executed. Due to the independent
operation of the on-chip caches relative to the operation of the bus controller, many
subsequent instructions can be executed, resulting in seemingly nonsequential instruction
execution. When this is not desired and the system depends on sequential execution
following bus activity, the NOP instruction can be used. The NOP instruction forces
instruction and bus synchronization in that it freezes instruction execution until all pending
bus cycles have completed.
An example of the use of the NOP instruction for this purpose is the case of a write operation
of control information to an external register, where the external hardware attempts to
control program execution based on the data that is written with the conditional assertion of
BERR. If the data cache is enabled and the write cycle results in a hit in the data cache, the
cache is updated. That data, in turn, may be used in a subsequent instruction before the
external write cycle completes. Since the MC68030 cannot process the bus error until the
end of the bus cycle, the external hardware has not successfully interrupted program
execution. To prevent a subsequent instruction from executing until the external cycle
completes, a NOP instruction can be inserted after the instruction causing the write. In this
case, bus error exception processing proceeds immediately after the write before
subsequent instructions are executed. This is an irregular situation, and the use of the NOP
instruction for this purpose is not required by most systems.
Note that even in a system with error detection/correction circuitry, the NOP is not required
for this synchronization. Since the MMU always checks the validity of write cycles before
they proceed to the data cache and are executed externally, the MC68030 is guaranteed to
write correct data to the cache. Thus, there is no danger in subsequent instructions using
erroneous data from the cache before an external bus error signals an error.
A bus synchronization example is given in Figure 7-58.
7-97
MC68030 USER’S MANUAL
MOTOROLA