The TPS54040 device is a 42-V 0

TPS54040-Q1

Manufacturer Part NumberTPS54040-Q1
DescriptionThe TPS54040 device is a 42-V 0
ManufacturerTexas Instruments
TPS54040-Q1 datasheet
 


Specifications of TPS54040-Q1

Iout(max)(a)0.5Vin(min)(v)3.5
Vin(max)(v)42Vout(min)(v)0.8
Vout(max)(v)39Iq(typ)(ma)0.116
Switching Frequency(max)(khz)2500Switch Current Limit(typ)(a)0.6
TopologyBuck,Inverting Buck-BoostOperating Temperature Range(c)-40 to 125
Pin/package10MSOP-PowerPAD, 10SONDuty Cycle(max)(%)95
Regulated Outputs(#)1  
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TPS54040-Q1
SLVSA26C – JANUARY 2010 – REVISED AUGUST 2011
www.ti.com
DETAILED DESCRIPTION
Fixed Frequency PWM Control
The TPS54040 uses an adjustable fixed frequency, peak current mode control. The output voltage is compared
through external resistors on the VSENSE pin to an internal voltage reference by an error amplifier which drives
the COMP pin. An internal oscillator initiates the turn on of the high side power switch. The error amplifier output
is compared to the high side power switch current. When the power switch current reaches the level set by the
COMP voltage, the power switch is turned off. The COMP pin voltage will increase and decrease as the output
current increases and decreases. The device implements a current limit by clamping the COMP pin voltage to a
maximum level. The Eco-Mode™ is implemented with a minimum clamp on the COMP pin.
Slope Compensation Output Current
The TPS54040 adds a compensating ramp to the switch current signal. This slope compensation prevents
sub-harmonic oscillations. The available peak inductor current remains constant over the full duty cycle range.
Pulse Skip Eco-Mode
The TPS54040 operates in a pulse skip Eco mode at light load currents to improve efficiency by reducing
switching and gate drive losses. The TPS54040 is designed so that if the output voltage is within regulation and
the peak switch current at the end of any switching cycle is below the pulse skipping current threshold, the
device enters Eco mode. This current threshold is the current level corresponding to a nominal COMP voltage or
500mV.
When in Eco-mode, the COMP pin voltage is clamped at 500mV and the high side MOSFET is inhibited. Further
decreases in load current or in output voltage can not drive the COMP pin below this clamp voltage level.
Since the device is not switching, the output voltage begins to decay. As the voltage control loop compensates
for the falling output voltage, the COMP pin voltage begins to rise. At this time, the high side MOSFET is enabled
and a switching pulse initiates on the next switching cycle. The peak current is set by the COMP pin voltage. The
output voltage re-charges the regulated value (see
Figure
25), then the peak switch current starts to decrease,
and eventually falls below the Eco mode threshold at which time the device again enters Eco mode.
For Eco mode operation, the TPS54040 senses peak current, not average or load current, so the load current
where the device enters Eco mode is dependent on the output inductor value. For example, the circuit in
Figure 50
enters Eco mode at about 20 mA of output current. When the load current is low and the output
voltage is within regulation, the device enters a sleep mode and draws only 116μA input quiescent current. The
internal PLL remains operating when in sleep mode. When operating at light load currents in the pulse skip
mode, the switching transitions occur synchronously with the external clock signal.
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