PIC16F688

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F688
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F688 datasheet
 


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Page 33/202:

Fail-Safe Clock Monitor

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3.8

Fail-Safe Clock Monitor

The Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM) allows the device
to continue operating should the external oscillator fail.
The FSCM can detect oscillator failure any time after
the Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST) has expired. The
FSCM is enabled by setting the FCMEN bit in the
Configuration Word register (CONFIG). The FSCM is
applicable to all external oscillator modes (LP, XT, HS,
EC, RC and RCIO).
FIGURE 3-8:
FSCM BLOCK DIAGRAM
Clock Monitor
Latch
External
S
Clock
LFINTOSC
÷ 64
R
Oscillator
31 kHz
488 Hz
(~32 μs)
(~2 ms)
Sample Clock
3.8.1
FAIL-SAFE DETECTION
The FSCM module detects a failed oscillator by
comparing the external oscillator to the FSCM sample
clock. The sample clock is generated by dividing the
LFINTOSC by 64. See Figure 3-8. Inside the fail
detector block is a latch. The external clock sets the
latch on each falling edge of the external clock. The
sample clock clears the latch on each rising edge of the
sample clock. A failure is detected when an entire half-
cycle of the sample clock elapses before the primary
clock goes low.
3.8.2
FAIL-SAFE OPERATION
When the external clock fails, the FSCM switches the
device clock to an internal clock source and sets the bit
flag OSFIF of the PIR2 register. Setting this flag will
generate an interrupt if the OSFIE bit of the PIE2
register is also set. The device firmware can then take
steps to mitigate the problems that may arise from a
failed clock. The system clock will continue to be
sourced from the internal clock source until the device
firmware successfully restarts the external oscillator
and switches back to external operation.
The internal clock source chosen by the FSCM is
determined by the IRCF<2:0> bits of the OSCCON
register. This allows the internal oscillator to be
configured before a failure occurs.
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.
3.8.3
FAIL-SAFE CONDITION CLEARING
The Fail-Safe condition is cleared after a Reset,
executing a SLEEP instruction or toggling the SCS bit
of the OSCCON register. When the SCS bit is toggled,
the OST is restarted. While the OST is running, the
device continues to operate from the INTOSC selected
in OSCCON. When the OST times out, the Fail-Safe
condition is cleared and the device will be operating
from the external clock source. The Fail-Safe condition
must be cleared before the OSFIF flag can be cleared.
3.8.4
RESET OR WAKE-UP FROM SLEEP
The FSCM is designed to detect an oscillator failure
after the Oscillator Start-up Timer (OST) has expired.
Q
The OST is used after waking up from Sleep and after
any type of Reset. The OST is not used with the EC or
RC Clock modes so that the FSCM will be active as
soon as the Reset or wake-up has completed. When
Q
the FSCM is enabled, the Two-Speed Start-up is also
enabled. Therefore, the device will always be executing
code while the OST is operating.
Note:
Due to the wide range of oscillator start-up
times, the Fail-Safe circuit is not active
Clock
during oscillator start-up (i.e., after exiting
Failure
Detected
Reset or Sleep). After an appropriate
amount of time, the user should check the
OSTS bit of the OSCCON register to verify
the oscillator start-up and that the system
clock
completed.
PIC16F688
switchover
has
successfully
DS41203D-page 31