PIC16F688

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F688
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F688 datasheet
 


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Page 68/202:

ADC Configuration

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PIC16F688
8.1

ADC Configuration

When configuring and using the ADC the following
functions must be considered:
• Port configuration
• Channel selection
• ADC voltage reference selection
• ADC conversion clock source
• Interrupt control
• Results formatting
8.1.1
PORT CONFIGURATION
The ADC can be used to convert both analog and digital
signals. When converting analog signals, the I/O pin
should be configured for analog by setting the associated
TRIS and ANSEL bits. See the corresponding Port
section for more information.
Note:
Analog voltages on any pin that is defined
as a digital input may cause the input
buffer to conduct excess current.
8.1.2
CHANNEL SELECTION
The CHS bits of the ADCON0 register determine which
channel is connected to the sample and hold circuit.
When changing channels, a delay is required before
starting the next conversion. Refer to Section 8.2
“ADC Operation” for more information.
ADC V
8.1.3
OLTAGE REFERENCE
The VCFG bit of the ADCON0 register provides control
of the positive voltage reference. The positive voltage
reference can be either V
or an external voltage
DD
source. The negative voltage reference is always
connected to the ground reference.
8.1.4
CONVERSION CLOCK
The source of the conversion clock is software select-
able via the ADCS bits of the ADCON1 register. There
are seven possible clock options:
• F
/2
OSC
• F
/4
OSC
• F
/8
OSC
• F
/16
OSC
• F
/32
OSC
• F
/64
OSC
• F
(dedicated internal oscillator)
RC
The time to complete one bit conversion is defined as
T
. One full 10-bit conversion requires 11 T
AD
as shown in Figure 8-3.
DS41203D-page 66
For correct conversion, the appropriate T
must be met. See A/D conversion requirements in
Section 14.0 “Electrical Specifications” for more
information. Table 8-1 gives examples of appropriate
ADC clock selections.
Note:
Unless using the F
system clock frequency will change the
ADC
adversely affect the ADC result.
periods
AD
specification
AD
, any changes in the
RC
clock
frequency,
which
may
© 2007 Microchip Technology Inc.