PIC16F88

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F88
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F88 datasheet
 
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
Page 101
102
Page 102
103
Page 103
104
Page 104
105
Page 105
106
Page 106
107
Page 107
108
Page 108
109
Page 109
110
Page 110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
Page 110/228:

AUSART Synchronous Master Mode

Download datasheet (5Mb)Embed
PrevNext
PIC16F87/88
11.3
AUSART Synchronous
Master Mode
In Synchronous Master mode, the data is transmitted in
a half-duplex manner (i.e., transmission and reception
do not occur at the same time). When transmitting data,
the reception is inhibited and vice versa. Synchronous
mode is entered by setting bit SYNC (TXSTA<4>). In
addition, enable bit SPEN (RCSTA<7>) is set in order
to configure the RB5/SS/TX/CK and RB2/SDO/RX/DT
I/O pins to CK (clock) and DT (data) lines, respectively.
The Master mode indicates that the processor trans-
mits the master clock on the CK line. The Master mode
is entered by setting bit CSRC (TXSTA<7>).
11.3.1
AUSART SYNCHRONOUS MASTER
TRANSMISSION
The AUSART transmitter block diagram is shown in
Figure 11-6. The heart of the transmitter is the Transmit
(Serial) Shift Register (TSR). The Shift register obtains
its data from the Read/Write Transmit Buffer register,
TXREG. The TXREG register is loaded with data in
software. The TSR register is not loaded until the last
bit has been transmitted from the previous load. As
soon as the last bit is transmitted, the TSR is loaded
with new data from the TXREG (if available). Once the
TXREG register transfers the data to the TSR register
(occurs in one T
), the TXREG is empty and
CYCLE
interrupt bit TXIF (PIR1<4>) is set. The interrupt can be
enabled/disabled by setting/clearing enable bit TXIE
(PIE1<4>). Flag bit TXIF will be set, regardless of the
state of enable bit TXIE and cannot be cleared in
software. It will reset only when new data is loaded into
the TXREG register. While flag bit TXIF indicates the
status of the TXREG register, another bit, TRMT
(TXSTA<1>), shows the status of the TSR register.
TRMT is a read-only bit which is set when the TSR is
empty. No interrupt logic is tied to this bit, so the user
has to poll this bit in order to determine if the TSR reg-
ister is empty. The TSR is not mapped in data memory,
so it is not available to the user.
Transmission is enabled by setting enable bit TXEN
(TXSTA<5>). The actual transmission will not occur
until the TXREG register has been loaded with data.
The first data bit will be shifted out on the next available
rising edge of the clock on the CK line. Data out is
stable around the falling edge of the synchronous clock
(Figure 11-9). The transmission can also be started by
first loading the TXREG register and then setting bit
TXEN (Figure 11-10). This is advantageous when slow
baud rates are selected, since the BRG is kept in Reset
when bits TXEN, CREN and SREN are clear. Setting
enable bit TXEN will start the BRG, creating a shift
clock immediately. Normally, when transmission is first
started, the TSR register is empty, so a transfer to the
TXREG register will result in an immediate transfer to
TSR, resulting in an empty TXREG. Back-to-back
transfers are possible.
DS30487C-page 108
Clearing enable bit TXEN during a transmission will
cause the transmission to be aborted and will reset the
transmitter. The DT and CK pins will revert to high-
impedance. If either bit CREN or bit SREN is set during
a transmission, the transmission is aborted and the DT
pin reverts to a high-impedance state (for a reception).
The CK pin will remain an output if bit CSRC is set
(internal clock). The transmitter logic, however, is not
reset, although it is disconnected from the pins. In order
to reset the transmitter, the user has to clear bit TXEN.
If bit SREN is set (to interrupt an on-going transmission
and receive a single word), then after the single word is
received, bit SREN will be cleared and the serial port
will revert back to transmitting, since bit TXEN is still
set. The DT line will immediately switch from High-
Impedance Receive mode to transmit and start driving.
To avoid this, bit TXEN should be cleared.
In order to select 9-bit transmission, the TX9
(TXSTA<6>) bit should be set and the ninth bit should
be written to bit TX9D (TXSTA<0>). The ninth bit must
be written before writing the 8-bit data to the TXREG
register. This is because a data write to the TXREG can
result in an immediate transfer of the data to the TSR
register (if the TSR is empty). If the TSR was empty and
the TXREG was written before writing the “new” TX9D,
the “present” value of bit TX9D is loaded.
Steps to follow when setting up a synchronous master
transmission:
1.
Initialize the SPBRG register for the appropriate
baud rate (Section 11.1 “AUSART Baud Rate
Generator (BRG)”).
2.
Enable the synchronous master serial port by
setting bits SYNC, SPEN and CSRC.
3.
If interrupts are desired, set enable bit TXIE.
4.
If 9-bit transmission is desired, set bit TX9.
5.
Enable the transmission by setting bit TXEN.
6.
If 9-bit transmission is selected, the ninth bit
should be loaded in bit TX9D.
7.
Start transmission by loading data to the TXREG
register.
8.
If using interrupts, ensure that GIE and PEIE
(bits 7 and 6) of the INTCON register are set.
 2005 Microchip Technology Inc.