PIC16F88

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F88
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F88 datasheet
 
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Page 78/228:

Resetting Timer1 Register Pair

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PIC16F87/88
7.8
Resetting Timer1 Using a CCP
Trigger Output
If the CCP1 module is configured in Compare mode to
generate
a
“special
event
trigger”
(CCP1M3:CCP1M0 = 1011), the signal will reset
Timer1 and start an A/D conversion (if the A/D module
is enabled).
Note:
The special event triggers from the CCP1
module will not set interrupt flag bit,
TMR1IF (PIR1<0>).
Timer1 must be configured for either Timer or Synchro-
nized Counter mode to take advantage of this feature.
If Timer1 is running in Asynchronous Counter mode,
this Reset operation may not work.
In the event that a write to Timer1 coincides with a
special event trigger from CCP1, the write will take
precedence.
In this mode of operation, the CCPR1H:CCPR1L
register pair effectively becomes the period register for
Timer1.
7.9

Resetting Timer1 Register Pair

(TMR1H, TMR1L)
TMR1H and TMR1L registers are not reset to 00h on a
POR, or any other Reset, except by the CCP1 special
event triggers.
T1CON register is reset to 00h on a Power-on Reset or
a Brown-out Reset, which shuts off the timer and
leaves a 1:1 prescale. In all other Resets, the register
is unaffected.
7.10
Timer1 Prescaler
The prescaler counter is cleared on writes to the
TMR1H or TMR1L registers.
DS30487C-page 76
7.11
Using Timer1 as a Real-Time
Clock
Adding an external LP oscillator to Timer1 (such as the
signal
one described in Section 7.6 “Timer1 Oscillator”)
gives users the option to include RTC functionality to
their applications. This is accomplished with an inex-
pensive watch crystal to provide an accurate time base
and several lines of application code to calculate the
time. When operating in Sleep mode and using a
battery or supercapacitor as a power source, it can
completely eliminate the need for a separate RTC
device and battery backup.
The application code routine, RTCisr, shown in
Example 7-3, demonstrates a simple method to
increment a counter at one-second intervals using an
Interrupt Service Routine. Incrementing the TMR1
register pair to overflow triggers the interrupt and calls
the routine, which increments the seconds counter by
one; additional counters for minutes and hours are
incremented as the previous counter overflows.
Since the register pair is 16 bits wide, counting up to
overflow the register directly from a 32.768 kHz clock
would take 2 seconds. To force the overflow at the
required one-second intervals, it is necessary to pre-
load it; the simplest method is to set the MSb of TMR1H
with a BSF instruction. Note that the TMR1L register is
never preloaded or altered; doing so may introduce
cumulative error over many cycles.
For this method to be accurate, Timer1 must operate in
Asynchronous mode and the Timer1 overflow interrupt
must be enabled (PIE1<0> = 1), as shown in the
routine, RTCinit. The Timer1 oscillator must also be
enabled and running at all times.
 2005 Microchip Technology Inc.