sc4524c

Manufacturer Part Numbersc4524c
Description28v 2a Step-down Switching Regulator
ManufacturerSemtech Corporation
sc4524c datasheet
 
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Applications Information (Cont.)
inductor current of a buck converter directly feeds C
resulting in very low ripple current. Avoid using Z5U
and Y5V ceramic capacitors for output filtering because
these types of capacitors have high temperature and high
voltage coefficients.
Freewheeling Diode
Use of Schottky barrier diodes as freewheeling rectifiers
reduces diode reverse recovery input current spikes,
easing high-side current sensing in the SC4524C. These
diodes should have an average forward current rating
at least 2A and a reverse blocking voltage of at least a
few volts higher than the input voltage. For switching
regulators operating at low duty cycles (i.e. low output
voltage to input voltage conversion ratios), it is beneficial
to use freewheeling diodes with somewhat higher
average current ratings (thus lower forward voltages). This
is because the diode conduction interval is much longer
than that of the transistor. Converter efficiency will be
improved if the voltage drop across the diode is lower.
The freewheeling diode should be placed close to the
SW pin of the SC4524C to minimize ringing due to trace
inductance. 20BQ030 (International Rectifier), B230A
(Diodes Inc.), SS13, SS23 (Vishay), CMSH1-40M, CMSH1-
40ML and CMSH2-40M (Central-Semi.) are all suitable.
The freewheeling diode should be placed close to the SW
pin of the SC4524C on the PCB to minimize ringing due to
trace inductance.
Bootstrapping the Power Transistor
The typical minimum BST-SW voltage required to fully
saturate the power transistor is shown in Figure 5, which
is about 1.96V at room temperature.
The BST-SW voltage is supplied by a bootstrap circuit
powered from either the input or the output of the
converter (Figure 6(a), 6(b) and 6(c)). To maximize
efficiency, tie the bootstrap diode to the converter output
if V
>2.5V as shown in Figure (a). Since the bootstrap
O
supply current is proportional to the converter load
current, using a lower voltage to power the bootstrap
circuit reduces driving loss and improves efficiency.
For the bootstrap circuit, a fast switching PN diode
,
O
(such as 1N4148 or 1N914) and a small (0.33µF – 0.47µF)
ceramic capacitor is sufficient for most applications. When
bootstrapping from 2.5V to 3.0V output voltages, use a
low forward drop Schottky diode (BAT-54 or similar) for
D
. When bootstrapping from high input voltages (>20V),
1
reduce the maximum BST voltage by connecting a Zener
diode (D
VOUT > 8V, then a protection diode D4 between the SW
Fig.5
Fig.5
and the BST pins will be required as shown in Figure 6 (c).
D4 can be a small PN diode such as 1N4148 or 1N914 if
the operating temperature does not exceed 85 ºC. Use a
small Schottky diode (BAT54 or similar) if the converter is
to operate up to 125 ºC.
SS270 REV 6-7
SS270 REV 6-7
Figure 5. Typical Minimum Bootstrap Voltage required
VIN
Figure 6(a). Bootstrapping the SC4524C from the
) in series with D
as shown in Figure 6 (b). If
3
1
Minimum Bootstrap Voltage
Minimum Bootstrap Voltage
vs Temperature
vs Temperature
2.2
2.2
2.1
2.1
2.0
2.0
1.9
1.9
1.8
1.8
I
I
= -2.6A
= -2.6A
1.7
1.7
SW
SW
1.6
1.6
-50
-50
-25
-25
0
0
25
25
50
50
75
75
100 125
100 125
o
o
Temperature (
Temperature (
C)
C)
to Saturate Transistor (I
= -2.6A).
SW
D1
BST
C1
VOUT
SW
IN
SC4524C
D 2
GND
(a)
(a)
converter output
12