ATMEGA8515L8AU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA8515L8AU
DescriptionTQFP44
ManufacturerATMEL Corporation
ATMEGA8515L8AU datasheet
 

Specifications of ATMEGA8515L8AU

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Page 152/257

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Using MPCM
ATmega8515(L)
152
The Multi-processor Communication mode enables several Slave MCUs to receive data
from a Master MCU. This is done by first decoding an address frame to find out which
MCU has been addressed. If a particular Slave MCU has been addressed, it will receive
the following data frames as normal, while the other Slave MCUs will ignore the
received frames until another address frame is received.
For an MCU to act as a Master MCU, it can use a 9-bit character frame format
(UCSZ = 7). The ninth bit (TXB8) must be set when an address frame (TXB8 = 1) or
cleared when a data frame (TXB = 0) is being transmitted. The Slave MCUs must in this
case be set to use a 9-bit character frame format.
The following procedure should be used to exchange data in Multi-processor Communi-
cation mode:
1. All Slave MCUs are in Multi-processor Communication mode (MPCM in UCSRA
is set).
2. The Master MCU sends an address frame, and all slaves receive and read this
frame. In the Slave MCUs, the RXC Flag in UCSRA will be set as normal.
3. Each Slave MCU reads the UDR Register and determines if it has been
selected. If so, it clears the MPCM bit in UCSRA, otherwise it waits for the next
address byte and keeps the MPCM setting.
4. The addressed MCU will receive all data frames until a new address frame is
received. The other Slave MCUs, which still have the MPCM bit set, will ignore
the data frames.
5. When the last data frame is received by the addressed MCU, the addressed
MCU sets the MPCM bit and waits for a new address frame from Master. The
process then repeats from 2.
Using any of the 5- to 8-bit character frame formats is possible, but impractical since the
Receiver must change between using n and n+1 character frame formats. This makes
full-duplex operation difficult since the Transmitter and Receiver uses the same charac-
ter size setting. If 5- to 8-bit character frames are used, the Transmitter must be set to
use two stop bit (USBS = 1) since the first stop bit is used for indicating the frame type.
Do not use Read-Modify-Write instructions (SBI and CBI) to set or clear the MPCM bit.
The MPCM bit shares the same I/O location as the TXC Flag and this might accidentally
be cleared when using SBI or CBI instructions.
2512J–AVR–10/06