PIC16F684-ISL

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F684-ISL
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F684-ISL datasheets
 


Specifications of PIC16F684-ISL

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13.0
INSTRUCTION SET SUMMARY
The PIC16F684 instruction set is highly orthogonal and
is comprised of three basic categories:
• Byte-oriented operations
• Bit-oriented operations
• Literal and control operations
Each PIC16 instruction is a 14-bit word divided into an
opcode, which specifies the instruction type and one or
more operands, which further specify the operation of
the instruction. The formats for each of the categories
is presented in Figure 13-1, while the various opcode
fields are summarized in Table 13-1.
Table 13-2 lists the instructions recognized by the
MPASM
TM
assembler. A complete description of each
instruction is also available in the “PICmicro
Range MCU Family Reference Manual” (DS33023).
For byte-oriented instructions, ‘f’ represents a file
register designator and ‘d’ represents a destination
designator. The file register designator specifies which
file register is to be used by the instruction.
The destination designator specifies where the result of
the operation is to be placed. If ‘d’ is zero, the result is
placed in the W register. If ‘d’ is one, the result is placed
in the file register specified in the instruction.
For bit-oriented instructions, ‘b’ represents a bit field
designator, which selects the bit affected by the
operation, while ‘f’ represents the address of the file in
which the bit is located.
For literal and control operations, ‘k’ represents an
8-bit or 11-bit constant, or literal value.
One instruction cycle consists of four oscillator periods;
for an oscillator frequency of 4 MHz, this gives a normal
instruction execution time of 1 s. All instructions are
executed within a single instruction cycle, unless a
conditional test is true, or the program counter is
changed as a result of an instruction. When this occurs,
the execution takes two instruction cycles, with the
second cycle executed as a NOP.
Note:
To maintain upward compatibility with
future products, do not use the OPTION
and TRIS instructions.
All instruction examples use the format ‘0xhh’ to
represent a hexadecimal number, where ‘h’ signifies a
hexadecimal digit.
13.1
READ-MODIFY-WRITE
OPERATIONS
Any instruction that specifies a file register as part of
the instruction performs a Read-Modify-Write (R-M-W)
operation. The register is read, the data is modified,
and the result is stored according to either the instruc-
tion, or the destination designator ‘d’. A read operation
is performed on a register even if the instruction writes
to that register.
 2004 Microchip Technology Inc.
For example, a CLRF GPIO instruction will read GPIO,
clear all the data bits, then write the result back to
GPIO. This example would have the unintended result
of clearing the condition that set the GPIF flag.
TABLE 13-1:
OPCODE FIELD
DESCRIPTIONS
Field
Register file address (0x00 to 0x7F)
f
Working register (accumulator)
W
Bit address within an 8-bit file register
b
Literal field, constant data or label
k
Don’t care location (= 0 or 1).
x
The assembler will generate code with x = 0.
®
Mid-
It is the recommended form of use for
compatibility with all Microchip software tools.
Destination select; d = 0: store result in W,
d
d = 1: store result in file register f.
Default is d = 1.
Program Counter
PC
Time-out bit
TO
Power-down bit
PD
FIGURE 13-1:
Byte-oriented file register operations
13
OPCODE
d = 0 for destination W
d = 1 for destination f
f = 7-bit file register address
Bit-oriented file register operations
13
OPCODE
b = 3-bit bit address
f = 7-bit file register address
Literal and control operations
General
13
OPCODE
k = 8-bit immediate value
CALL and GOTO instructions only
13
11
OPCODE
k = 11-bit immediate value
Preliminary
PIC16F684
Description
GENERAL FORMAT FOR
INSTRUCTIONS
8
7
6
0
d
f (FILE #)
10 9
7 6
0
b (BIT #)
f (FILE #)
8
7
0
k (literal)
10
0
k (literal)
DS41202C-page 111