PIC16F684-ISL

Manufacturer Part NumberPIC16F684-ISL
ManufacturerMicrochip Technology Inc.
PIC16F684-ISL datasheets
 


Specifications of PIC16F684-ISL

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PIC16F684
3.4.3
LFINTOSC
The Low-Frequency Internal Oscillator (LFINTOSC) is
an uncalibrated (approximate) 31 kHz internal clock
source.
The output of the LFINTOSC connects to a postscaler
and multiplexer (see Figure 3-1). 31 kHz can be
selected via software using the IRCF bits (see
Section 3.4.4 “Frequency Select Bits (IRCF)”). The
LFINTOSC is also the frequency for the Power-up
Timer (PWRT), Watchdog Timer (WDT) and Fail-Safe
Clock Monitor (FSCM).
The LFINTOSC is enabled by selecting 31 kHz
(IRCF = 000) as the system clock source (SCS = 1), or
when any of the following are enabled:
• Two-Speed Start-up (IESO = 1 and IRCF = 000)
• Power-up Timer (PWRT)
• Watchdog Timer (WDT)
• Fail-Safe Clock Monitor (FSCM)
The LF Internal Oscillator (LTS) bit (OSCCON<1>)
indicates whether the LFINTOSC is stable or not.
3.4.4
FREQUENCY SELECT BITS (IRCF)
The output of the 8 MHz HFINTOSC and 31 kHz
LFINTOSC connects to a postscaler and multiplexer
(see Figure 3-1). The Internal Oscillator Frequency
select bits, IRCF<2:0> (OSCCON<6:4>), select the
frequency output of the internal oscillators. One of eight
frequencies can be selected via software:
• 8 MHz
• 4 MHz (Default after Reset)
• 2 MHz
• 1 MHz
• 500 kHz
• 250 kHz
• 125 kHz
• 31 kHz
Note:
Following any Reset, the IRCF bits are set
to ‘110’ and the frequency selection is set
to 4 MHz. The user can modify the IRCF
bits to select a different frequency.
DS41202C-page 24
3.4.5
HF AND LF INTOSC CLOCK
SWITCH TIMING
When switching between the LFINTOSC and the
HFINTOSC, the new oscillator may already be shut
down to save power. If this is the case, there is a 10 s
delay after the IRCF bits are modified before the
frequency selection takes place. The LTS/HTS bits will
reflect the current active status of the LFINTOSC and
the HFINTOSC oscillators. The timing of a frequency
selection is as follows:
1.
IRCF bits are modified.
2.
If the new clock is shut down, a 10 s clock
start-up delay is started.
3.
Clock switch circuitry waits for a falling edge of
the current clock.
4.
CLKOUT is held low and the clock switch
circuitry waits for a rising edge in the new clock.
5.
CLKOUT is now connected with the new clock.
HTS/LTS bits are updated as required.
6.
Clock switch is complete.
If the internal oscillator speed selected is between
8 MHz and 125 kHz, there is no start-up delay before
the new frequency is selected. This is because the old
and the new frequencies are derived from the
HFINTOSC via the postscaler and multiplexer.
Preliminary
 2004 Microchip Technology Inc.