LM2642MTC/NOPB  

Manufacturer Part Number  LM2642MTC/NOPB 
Description  IC CTRLR SW SYNC STPDN 28TSSOP 
Manufacturer  National Semiconductor 
LM2642MTC/NOPB datasheet 

Specifications of LM2642MTC/NOPB  

Applications  Embedded systems, Console/SetTop boxes  Current  Supply  1mA 
Voltage  Supply  4.5 V ~ 30 V  Operating Temperature  40°C ~ 125°C 
Mounting Type  Surface Mount  Package / Case  28TSSOP 
Dc To Dc Converter Type  Synchronous Step Down Controller  Number Of Outputs  2 
Pin Count  28  Input Voltage  4.5 to 30V 
Output Voltage  1.3 to 30V  Output Current  20A 
Package Type  TSSOP  Mounting  Surface Mount 
Operating Temperature Classification  Automotive  Operating Temperature (min)  40C 
Operating Temperature (max)  125C  Primary Input Voltage  30V 
No. Of Outputs  1  No. Of Pins  28 
Operating Temperature Range  40Â°C To +125Â°C  Msl  MSL 3  168 Hours 
Control Mode  Current  Rohs Compliant  Yes 
For Use With  LM2642REVD EVAL  BOARD EVALUATION LM2642  Lead Free Status / RoHS Status  Lead free / RoHS Compliant 
Other names  *LM2642MTC *LM2642MTC/NOPB LM2642MTC 
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Output Capacitor Selection
(Continued)
Notice it is already assumed the total ESR, Re, is no greater
than Re_max, otherwise the term under the square root will
be a negative value. Also, it is assumed that L has already
been selected, therefore the minimum L value should be
calculated before Cmin and after Re (see Inductor Selection
below). Example: Re = 20mΩ, Vnom = 5V, ∆Vc_s = 160mV,
∆Ic_s = 3A, L = 8µH
Generally speaking, Cmin decreases with decreasing Re,
∆Ic_s, and L, but with increasing Vnom and ∆Vc_s.
Inductor Selection
The size of the output inductor can be determined from the
desired output ripple voltage, Vrip, and the impedance of the
output capacitors at the switching frequency. The equation to
determine the minimum inductance value is as follows:
In the above equation, Re is used in place of the impedance
of the output capacitors. This is because in most cases, the
impedance of the output capacitors at the switching fre
quency is very close to Re. In the case of ceramic capaci
tors, replace Re with the true impedance.
Example: Vin (max)= 30V, Vnom = 5.0V, Vrip = 40mV, Re
=20mΩ, f = 300kHz
Lmin = 7µH
The actual selection process usually involves several itera
tions of all of the above steps, from ripple voltage selection,
to capacitor selection, to inductance calculations. Both the
highest and the lowest input and output voltages and load
transient requirements should be considered. If an induc
tance value larger than Lmin is selected, make sure that the
Cmin requirement is not violated.
Priority should be given to parameters that are not flexible or
more costly. For example, if there are very few types of
capacitors to choose from, it may be a good idea to adjust
the inductance value so that a requirement of 3.2 capacitors
can be reduced to 3 capacitors.
Since inductor ripple current is often the criterion for select
ing an output inductor, it is a good idea to doublecheck this
value. The equation is:
Where D is the duty cycle, defined by V
Also important is the ripple content, which is defined by Irip
/Inom. Generally speaking, a ripple content of less than 50%
is ok. Larger ripple content will cause too much loss in the
inductor.
Example: Vin = 12V, Vnom = 5.0V, f = 300kHz, L = 8µH
Given a maximum load current of 3A, the ripple content is
1.2A / 3A = 40%.
When choosing the inductor, the saturation current should
be higher than the maximum peak inductor current and the
RMS current rating should be higher than the maximum load
current.
Input Capacitor Selection
The fact that the two switching channels of the LM2642 are
180˚ out of phase will reduce the RMS value of the ripple
current seen by the input capacitors. This will help extend
input capacitor life span and result in a more efficient sys
tem. Input capacitors must be selected that can handle both
the maximum ripple RMS current at highest ambient tem
perature as well as the maximum input voltage. In applica
tions in which output voltages are less than half of the input
voltage, the corresponding duty cycles will be less than 50%.
This means there will be no overlap between the two chan
nels’ input current pulses. The equation for calculating the
maximum total input ripple RMS current for duty cycles
under 50% is:
where I1 is maximum load current of Channel 1, I2 is the
maximum load current of Channel 2, D1 is the duty cycle of
Channel 1, and D2 is the duty cycle of Channel 2.
Example: Imax_1 = 3.6A, Imax_2 = 3.6A, D1 = 0.42, and D2
= 0.275
Choose input capacitors that can handle 1.66A ripple RMS
current at highest ambient temperature. In applications
where output voltages are greater than half the input voltage,
the corresponding duty cycles will be greater than 50%, and
there will be overlapping input current pulses. Input ripple
current will be highest under these circumstances. The input
RMS current in this case is given by:
17
/V
.
nom
in
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