LM2642MTC/NOPB

Manufacturer Part NumberLM2642MTC/NOPB
DescriptionIC CTRLR SW SYNC STPDN 28TSSOP
ManufacturerNational Semiconductor
LM2642MTC/NOPB datasheet
 


Specifications of LM2642MTC/NOPB

ApplicationsEmbedded systems, Console/Set-Top boxesCurrent - Supply1mA
Voltage - Supply4.5 V ~ 30 VOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 125°C
Mounting TypeSurface MountPackage / Case28-TSSOP
Dc To Dc Converter TypeSynchronous Step Down ControllerNumber Of Outputs2
Pin Count28Input Voltage4.5 to 30V
Output Voltage1.3 to 30VOutput Current20A
Package TypeTSSOPMountingSurface Mount
Operating Temperature ClassificationAutomotiveOperating Temperature (min)-40C
Operating Temperature (max)125CPrimary Input Voltage30V
No. Of Outputs1No. Of Pins28
Operating Temperature Range-40°C To +125°CMslMSL 3 - 168 Hours
Control ModeCurrentRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithLM2642REVD EVAL - BOARD EVALUATION LM2642Lead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names*LM2642MTC
*LM2642MTC/NOPB
LM2642MTC
  
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
Page 11
12
Page 12
13
Page 13
14
Page 14
15
Page 15
16
Page 16
17
Page 17
18
Page 18
19
Page 19
20
Page 20
21
Page 17/21

Download datasheet (2Mb)Embed
PrevNext
Output Capacitor Selection
(Continued)
Notice it is already assumed the total ESR, Re, is no greater
than Re_max, otherwise the term under the square root will
be a negative value. Also, it is assumed that L has already
been selected, therefore the minimum L value should be
calculated before Cmin and after Re (see Inductor Selection
below). Example: Re = 20mΩ, Vnom = 5V, ∆Vc_s = 160mV,
∆Ic_s = 3A, L = 8µH
Generally speaking, Cmin decreases with decreasing Re,
∆Ic_s, and L, but with increasing Vnom and ∆Vc_s.
Inductor Selection
The size of the output inductor can be determined from the
desired output ripple voltage, Vrip, and the impedance of the
output capacitors at the switching frequency. The equation to
determine the minimum inductance value is as follows:
In the above equation, Re is used in place of the impedance
of the output capacitors. This is because in most cases, the
impedance of the output capacitors at the switching fre-
quency is very close to Re. In the case of ceramic capaci-
tors, replace Re with the true impedance.
Example: Vin (max)= 30V, Vnom = 5.0V, Vrip = 40mV, Re
=20mΩ, f = 300kHz
Lmin = 7µH
The actual selection process usually involves several itera-
tions of all of the above steps, from ripple voltage selection,
to capacitor selection, to inductance calculations. Both the
highest and the lowest input and output voltages and load
transient requirements should be considered. If an induc-
tance value larger than Lmin is selected, make sure that the
Cmin requirement is not violated.
Priority should be given to parameters that are not flexible or
more costly. For example, if there are very few types of
capacitors to choose from, it may be a good idea to adjust
the inductance value so that a requirement of 3.2 capacitors
can be reduced to 3 capacitors.
Since inductor ripple current is often the criterion for select-
ing an output inductor, it is a good idea to double-check this
value. The equation is:
Where D is the duty cycle, defined by V
Also important is the ripple content, which is defined by Irip
/Inom. Generally speaking, a ripple content of less than 50%
is ok. Larger ripple content will cause too much loss in the
inductor.
Example: Vin = 12V, Vnom = 5.0V, f = 300kHz, L = 8µH
Given a maximum load current of 3A, the ripple content is
1.2A / 3A = 40%.
When choosing the inductor, the saturation current should
be higher than the maximum peak inductor current and the
RMS current rating should be higher than the maximum load
current.
Input Capacitor Selection
The fact that the two switching channels of the LM2642 are
180˚ out of phase will reduce the RMS value of the ripple
current seen by the input capacitors. This will help extend
input capacitor life span and result in a more efficient sys-
tem. Input capacitors must be selected that can handle both
the maximum ripple RMS current at highest ambient tem-
perature as well as the maximum input voltage. In applica-
tions in which output voltages are less than half of the input
voltage, the corresponding duty cycles will be less than 50%.
This means there will be no overlap between the two chan-
nels’ input current pulses. The equation for calculating the
maximum total input ripple RMS current for duty cycles
under 50% is:
where I1 is maximum load current of Channel 1, I2 is the
maximum load current of Channel 2, D1 is the duty cycle of
Channel 1, and D2 is the duty cycle of Channel 2.
Example: Imax_1 = 3.6A, Imax_2 = 3.6A, D1 = 0.42, and D2
= 0.275
Choose input capacitors that can handle 1.66A ripple RMS
current at highest ambient temperature. In applications
where output voltages are greater than half the input voltage,
the corresponding duty cycles will be greater than 50%, and
there will be overlapping input current pulses. Input ripple
current will be highest under these circumstances. The input
RMS current in this case is given by:
17
/V
.
nom
in
www.national.com