IC SW PWM DC-DC 48VDC 12W 8SMD

TOP414GN

Manufacturer Part NumberTOP414GN
DescriptionIC SW PWM DC-DC 48VDC 12W 8SMD
ManufacturerPower Integrations
SeriesTOPSwitch®
TypeStep-Down (Buck), Step-Up (Boost), Flyback, Forward Converter
TOP414GN datasheet
 


Specifications of TOP414GN

Internal Switch(s)YesSynchronous RectifierNo
Number Of Outputs1Frequency - Switching120kHz
Operating Temperature-40°C ~ 125°CMounting TypeSurface Mount
Package / Case8-SMD Gull WingOutput Voltage5.8 V
Input / Supply Voltage (max)265 VACInput / Supply Voltage (min)85 VAC
Duty Cycle (max)70 %Switching Frequency120 KHz
Supply Current1.4 mAOperating Temperature Range- 40 C to + 150 C
Mounting StyleSMD/SMTLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
Current - Output-Voltage - Output-
Voltage - Input-Power - Output-
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TOP412/414
General Circuit Operation
Figure 7 shows a typical DC-DC converter application using
the TOP414G. This supply delivers 5 V at 2 A and works over
a wide input range from 36-72 VDC. The power supply
operates at an ambient temperature of 0-50 °C.
In order to achieve the highest possible efficiency and smallest
possible circuit board area, the primary and secondary current
waveform is shaped to have the lowest possible RMS and ripple
current. This is achieved by running very continuous and
utilizing the maximum duty cycle available.
For the example shown, the maximum component height is
12 mm. The EFD-20 transformer core was chosen to match this
maximum component height. The TOP414G has a high current
limit, which means that the EF20 core will saturate during
startup, until regulation is achieved. This is acceptable with the
TOP414G and does not cause device stress (provided the
maximum drain voltage is below 250 V peak and provided a
Zener is used for clamping). A Zener diode clamp circuit (VR1
and D1) is used in order to clamp the leakage inductance spike
to a fixed maximum voltage (an RCD, resistor capacitor diode,
clamp circuit would not be acceptable for this application).
VR1
ZGL41-100
D1
C1
MURS120T3
10 µF
100 V
36-72 V
DC Input
U1
TOP414G
TOPSwitch
D
CONTROL
C
S
100 nF
C2
47 µF
Figure 7. Schematic Diagram of a 5 V, 10 W Isolated DC to DC Converter.
6
A
4/99
In the example circuit, C1 provides local decoupling of the DC
input. This is required when the DC input source is distant from
this converter. A shottky diode (D2) with low voltage drop
provides secondary rectification and does not require additional
heat sinking (PC-board provides adequate heat sinking when
used with DPAK diode package). Tantalum capacitors (C3,C4)
provide low profile and small outline for secondary capacitance
(electrolytic capacitors can also be used as replacement).
Inductor L1 filters high frequency switching noise forming a π
filter with the output capacitors (C3-C6). The control loop gain
is set by resistor R2 and the stability is influenced by R1, C3 ,C4,
C5 and C6. Resistors R3 and R4 set the DC regulation point and
shunt regulator U3 along with bypass capacitor C8, provide the
drive for the optocoupler U2. Any remaining switching noise
in the system is filtered by ceramic capacitor C9.
Capacitor C2 and resistor R1 form part of the CONTROL pin
feedback circuit. Capacitor C
frequency noise on the control pin.
D2
1
MBRD620CT
9, 10
C4
C3
330 µF
330 µF
10 V
10 V
6, 7
D3
1N4148
2
5
C7
100 nF
4
T1
C
R1
X
15 Ω
TL431ACD
is used solely to decouple high
X
L1
3.3 µH
C6
C5
330 µF
330 µF
6.3 V
6.3 V
U2
R3
PC317A
10k
R2
150 Ω
C8
100 nF
U3
R4
10k
5 V
2.0 A
C9
2.2 µF
RTN
PI-2220-120998