ATMEGA48A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA48A-PU Datasheet - Page 78

IC MCU AVR 4K FLASH 28PDIP

ATMEGA48A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA48A-PU
Description
IC MCU AVR 4K FLASH 28PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA48A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
20MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
23
Program Memory Size
4KB (2K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
256 x 8
Ram Size
512 x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
1.8 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 6x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
28-DIP (0.300", 7.62mm)
Controller Family/series
Atmega
No. Of I/o's
23
Eeprom Memory Size
256Byte
Ram Memory Size
512Byte
Cpu Speed
20MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant

Available stocks

Company
Part Number
Manufacturer
Quantity
Price
Part Number:
ATMEGA48A-PU
Manufacturer:
Microchip Technology
Quantity:
1 051
13.2.2
13.2.3
13.2.4
8271C–AVR–08/10
Toggling the Pin
Switching Between Input and Output
Reading the Pin Value
If PORTxn is written logic one when the pin is configured as an output pin, the port pin is driven
high (one). If PORTxn is written logic zero when the pin is configured as an output pin, the port
pin is driven low (zero).
Writing a logic one to PINxn toggles the value of PORTxn, independent on the value of DDRxn.
Note that the SBI instruction can be used to toggle one single bit in a port.
When switching between tri-state ({DDxn, PORTxn} = 0b00) and output high ({DDxn, PORTxn}
= 0b11), an intermediate state with either pull-up enabled {DDxn, PORTxn} = 0b01) or output
low ({DDxn, PORTxn} = 0b10) must occur. Normally, the pull-up enabled state is fully accept-
able, as a high-impedance environment will not notice the difference between a strong high
driver and a pull-up. If this is not the case, the PUD bit in the MCUCR Register can be set to dis-
able all pull-ups in all ports.
Switching between input with pull-up and output low generates the same problem. The user
must use either the tri-state ({DDxn, PORTxn} = 0b00) or the output high state ({DDxn, PORTxn}
= 0b11) as an intermediate step.
Table 13-1
Table 13-1.
Independent of the setting of Data Direction bit DDxn, the port pin can be read through the
PINxn Register bit. As shown in
stitute a synchronizer. This is needed to avoid metastability if the physical pin changes value
near the edge of the internal clock, but it also introduces a delay.
gram of the synchronization when reading an externally applied pin value. The maximum and
minimum propagation delays are denoted t
ATmega48A/48PA/88A/88PA/168A/168PA/328/328
DDxn
0
0
0
1
1
PORTxn
summarizes the control signals for the pin value.
0
1
1
0
1
Port Pin Configurations
(in MCUCR)
PUD
X
X
X
0
1
Figure
Output
Output
Input
Input
Input
13-2, the PINxn Register bit and the preceding latch con-
I/O
pd,max
Pull-up
and t
Yes
No
No
No
No
pd,min
Comment
Tri-state (Hi-Z)
Pxn will source current if ext. pulled low.
Tri-state (Hi-Z)
Output Low (Sink)
Output High (Source)
respectively.
Figure 13-3
shows a timing dia-
78

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