ATMEGA48A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA48A-PU Datasheet - Page 99

IC MCU AVR 4K FLASH 28PDIP

ATMEGA48A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA48A-PU
Description
IC MCU AVR 4K FLASH 28PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA48A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
20MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
23
Program Memory Size
4KB (2K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
256 x 8
Ram Size
512 x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
1.8 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 6x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
28-DIP (0.300", 7.62mm)
Controller Family/series
Atmega
No. Of I/o's
23
Eeprom Memory Size
256Byte
Ram Memory Size
512Byte
Cpu Speed
20MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant

Available stocks

Company
Part Number
Manufacturer
Quantity
Price
Part Number:
ATMEGA48A-PU
Manufacturer:
Microchip Technology
Quantity:
1 051
14.5.1
14.5.2
14.5.3
14.6
8271C–AVR–08/10
Compare Match Output Unit
Force Output Compare
Compare Match Blocking by TCNT0 Write
Using the Output Compare Unit
The OCR0x Register access may seem complex, but this is not case. When the double buffering
is enabled, the CPU has access to the OCR0x Buffer Register, and if double buffering is dis-
abled the CPU will access the OCR0x directly.
In non-PWM waveform generation modes, the match output of the comparator can be forced by
writing a one to the Force Output Compare (FOC0x) bit. Forcing compare match will not set the
OCF0x Flag or reload/clear the timer, but the OC0x pin will be updated as if a real compare
match had occurred (the COM0x1:0 bits settings define whether the OC0x pin is set, cleared or
toggled).
All CPU write operations to the TCNT0 Register will block any compare match that occur in the
next timer clock cycle, even when the timer is stopped. This feature allows OCR0x to be initial-
ized to the same value as TCNT0 without triggering an interrupt when the Timer/Counter clock is
enabled.
Since writing TCNT0 in any mode of operation will block all compare matches for one timer clock
cycle, there are risks involved when changing TCNT0 when using the Output Compare Unit,
independently of whether the Timer/Counter is running or not. If the value written to TCNT0
equals the OCR0x value, the compare match will be missed, resulting in incorrect waveform
generation. Similarly, do not write the TCNT0 value equal to BOTTOM when the counter is
downcounting.
The setup of the OC0x should be performed before setting the Data Direction Register for the
port pin to output. The easiest way of setting the OC0x value is to use the Force Output Com-
pare (FOC0x) strobe bits in Normal mode. The OC0x Registers keep their values even when
changing between Waveform Generation modes.
Be aware that the COM0x1:0 bits are not double buffered together with the compare value.
Changing the COM0x1:0 bits will take effect immediately.
The Compare Output mode (COM0x1:0) bits have two functions. The Waveform Generator uses
the COM0x1:0 bits for defining the Output Compare (OC0x) state at the next compare match.
Also, the COM0x1:0 bits control the OC0x pin output source.
schematic of the logic affected by the COM0x1:0 bit setting. The I/O Registers, I/O bits, and I/O
pins in the figure are shown in bold. Only the parts of the general I/O port control registers (DDR
and PORT) that are affected by the COM0x1:0 bits are shown. When referring to the OC0x
state, the reference is for the internal OC0x Register, not the OC0x pin. If a system reset occur,
the OC0x Register is reset to “0”.
ATmega48A/48PA/88A/88PA/168A/168PA/328/328
Figure 14-4
shows a simplified
99

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