ATMEGA328P-AU Atmel, ATMEGA328P-AU Datasheet - Page 131

MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP

ATMEGA328P-AU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA328P-AU
Description
MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar

Specifications of ATMEGA328P-AU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
20MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
23
Program Memory Size
32KB (16K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
1K x 8
Ram Size
2K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
1.8 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
32-TQFP, 32-VQFP
Processor Series
ATMEGA32x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
2 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire, SPI, USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
20 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
23
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
SMD/SMT
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
10 bit, 8 Channel
Cpu Family
ATmega
Device Core
AVR
Device Core Size
8b
Frequency (max)
20MHz
Total Internal Ram Size
2KB
# I/os (max)
23
Number Of Timers - General Purpose
3
Operating Supply Voltage (typ)
2.5/3.3/5V
Operating Supply Voltage (max)
5.5V
Operating Supply Voltage (min)
1.8V
Instruction Set Architecture
RISC
Operating Temp Range
-40C to 85C
Operating Temperature Classification
Industrial
Mounting
Surface Mount
Pin Count
32
Package Type
TQFP
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
23
Eeprom Memory Size
1KB
Ram Memory Size
2KB
Cpu Speed
20MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32770-1007 - ISP 4PORT ATMEL AVR MCU SPI/JTAGATAVRDRAGON - KIT DRAGON 32KB FLASH MEM AVR
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
ATMEGA328P-20AU
ATMEGA328P-20AU
Q3790246

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15.9.5
8271C–AVR–08/10
Phase and Frequency Correct PWM Mode
implies that the length of the falling slope is determined by the previous TOP value, while the
length of the rising slope is determined by the new TOP value. When these two values differ the
two slopes of the period will differ in length. The difference in length gives the unsymmetrical
result on the output.
It is recommended to use the phase and frequency correct mode instead of the phase correct
mode when changing the TOP value while the Timer/Counter is running. When using a static
TOP value there are practically no differences between the two modes of operation.
In phase correct PWM mode, the compare units allow generation of PWM waveforms on the
OC1x pins. Setting the COM1x1:0 bits to two will produce a non-inverted PWM and an inverted
PWM output can be generated by setting the COM1x1:0 to three (See
actual OC1x value will only be visible on the port pin if the data direction for the port pin is set as
output (DDR_OC1x). The PWM waveform is generated by setting (or clearing) the OC1x Regis-
ter at the compare match between OCR1x and TCNT1 when the counter increments, and
clearing (or setting) the OC1x Register at compare match between OCR1x and TCNT1 when
the counter decrements. The PWM frequency for the output when using phase correct PWM can
be calculated by the following equation:
The N variable represents the prescaler divider (1, 8, 64, 256, or 1024).
The extreme values for the OCR1x Register represent special cases when generating a PWM
waveform output in the phase correct PWM mode. If the OCR1x is set equal to BOTTOM the
output will be continuously low and if set equal to TOP the output will be continuously high for
non-inverted PWM mode. For inverted PWM the output will have the opposite logic values. If
OCR1A is used to define the TOP value (WGM13:0 = 11) and COM1A1:0 = 1, the OC1A output
will toggle with a 50% duty cycle.
The phase and frequency correct Pulse Width Modulation, or phase and frequency correct PWM
mode (WGM13:0 = 8 or 9) provides a high resolution phase and frequency correct PWM wave-
form generation option. The phase and frequency correct PWM mode is, like the phase correct
PWM mode, based on a dual-slope operation. The counter counts repeatedly from BOTTOM
(0x0000) to TOP and then from TOP to BOTTOM. In non-inverting Compare Output mode, the
Output Compare (OC1x) is cleared on the compare match between TCNT1 and OCR1x while
upcounting, and set on the compare match while downcounting. In inverting Compare Output
mode, the operation is inverted. The dual-slope operation gives a lower maximum operation fre-
quency compared to the single-slope operation. However, due to the symmetric feature of the
dual-slope PWM modes, these modes are preferred for motor control applications.
The main difference between the phase correct, and the phase and frequency correct PWM
mode is the time the OCR1x Register is updated by the OCR1x Buffer Register, (see
8
The PWM resolution for the phase and frequency correct PWM mode can be defined by either
ICR1 or OCR1A. The minimum resolution allowed is 2-bit (ICR1 or OCR1A set to 0x0003), and
ATmega48A/48PA/88A/88PA/168A/168PA/328/328
and
Figure
15-9).
f
OCnxPCPWM
=
--------------------------- -
2 N TOP
f
clk_I/O
Table on page
Figure 15-
136). The
131

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