ATMEGA328P-AU Atmel, ATMEGA328P-AU Datasheet - Page 150

MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP

ATMEGA328P-AU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA328P-AU
Description
MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar

Specifications of ATMEGA328P-AU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
20MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
23
Program Memory Size
32KB (16K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
1K x 8
Ram Size
2K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
1.8 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
32-TQFP, 32-VQFP
Processor Series
ATMEGA32x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
2 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire, SPI, USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
20 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
23
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
SMD/SMT
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
10 bit, 8 Channel
Cpu Family
ATmega
Device Core
AVR
Device Core Size
8b
Frequency (max)
20MHz
Total Internal Ram Size
2KB
# I/os (max)
23
Number Of Timers - General Purpose
3
Operating Supply Voltage (typ)
2.5/3.3/5V
Operating Supply Voltage (max)
5.5V
Operating Supply Voltage (min)
1.8V
Instruction Set Architecture
RISC
Operating Temp Range
-40C to 85C
Operating Temperature Classification
Industrial
Mounting
Surface Mount
Pin Count
32
Package Type
TQFP
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
23
Eeprom Memory Size
1KB
Ram Memory Size
2KB
Cpu Speed
20MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32770-1007 - ISP 4PORT ATMEL AVR MCU SPI/JTAGATAVRDRAGON - KIT DRAGON 32KB FLASH MEM AVR
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
ATMEGA328P-20AU
ATMEGA328P-20AU
Q3790246

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17.6.1
17.7
17.7.1
17.7.2
8271C–AVR–08/10
Modes of Operation
Compare Output Mode and Waveform Generation
Normal Mode
Clear Timer on Compare Match (CTC) Mode
The Waveform Generator uses the COM2x1:0 bits differently in normal, CTC, and PWM modes.
For all modes, setting the COM2x1:0 = 0 tells the Waveform Generator that no action on the
OC2x Register is to be performed on the next compare match. For compare output actions in the
non-PWM modes refer to
page
A change of the COM2x1:0 bits state will have effect at the first compare match after the bits are
written. For non-PWM modes, the action can be forced to have immediate effect by using the
FOC2x strobe bits.
The mode of operation, i.e., the behavior of the Timer/Counter and the Output Compare pins, is
defined by the combination of the Waveform Generation mode (WGM22:0) and Compare Output
mode (COM2x1:0) bits. The Compare Output mode bits do not affect the counting sequence,
while the Waveform Generation mode bits do. The COM2x1:0 bits control whether the PWM out-
put generated should be inverted or not (inverted or non-inverted PWM). For non-PWM modes
the COM2x1:0 bits control whether the output should be set, cleared, or toggled at a compare
match
For detailed timing information refer to
The simplest mode of operation is the Normal mode (WGM22:0 = 0). In this mode the counting
direction is always up (incrementing), and no counter clear is performed. The counter simply
overruns when it passes its maximum 8-bit value (TOP = 0xFF) and then restarts from the bot-
tom (0x00). In normal operation the Timer/Counter Overflow Flag (TOV2) will be set in the same
timer clock cycle as the TCNT2 becomes zero. The TOV2 Flag in this case behaves like a ninth
bit, except that it is only set, not cleared. However, combined with the timer overflow interrupt
that automatically clears the TOV2 Flag, the timer resolution can be increased by software.
There are no special cases to consider in the Normal mode, a new counter value can be written
anytime.
The Output Compare unit can be used to generate interrupts at some given time. Using the Out-
put Compare to generate waveforms in Normal mode is not recommended, since this will
occupy too much of the CPU time.
In Clear Timer on Compare or CTC mode (WGM22:0 = 2), the OCR2A Register is used to
manipulate the counter resolution. In CTC mode the counter is cleared to zero when the counter
value (TCNT2) matches the OCR2A. The OCR2A defines the top value for the counter, hence
also its resolution. This mode allows greater control of the compare match output frequency. It
also simplifies the operation of counting external events.
The timing diagram for the CTC mode is shown in
increases until a compare match occurs between TCNT2 and OCR2A, and then counter
(TCNT2) is cleared.
ATmega48A/48PA/88A/88PA/168A/168PA/328/328
160, and for phase correct PWM refer to
(See Section “17.6” on page
Table 17-5 on page
149.).
”Timer/Counter Timing Diagrams” on page
Table 17-7 on page
160. For fast PWM mode, refer to
Figure
17-5. The counter value (TCNT2)
161.
Table 17-6 on
154.
150

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