ATMEGA328P-AU Atmel, ATMEGA328P-AU Datasheet - Page 207

MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP

ATMEGA328P-AU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA328P-AU
Description
MCU AVR 32K FLASH 32TQFP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar

Specifications of ATMEGA328P-AU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
20MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
23
Program Memory Size
32KB (16K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
1K x 8
Ram Size
2K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
1.8 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
32-TQFP, 32-VQFP
Processor Series
ATMEGA32x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
2 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire, SPI, USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
20 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
23
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
SMD/SMT
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
10 bit, 8 Channel
Cpu Family
ATmega
Device Core
AVR
Device Core Size
8b
Frequency (max)
20MHz
Total Internal Ram Size
2KB
# I/os (max)
23
Number Of Timers - General Purpose
3
Operating Supply Voltage (typ)
2.5/3.3/5V
Operating Supply Voltage (max)
5.5V
Operating Supply Voltage (min)
1.8V
Instruction Set Architecture
RISC
Operating Temp Range
-40C to 85C
Operating Temperature Classification
Industrial
Mounting
Surface Mount
Pin Count
32
Package Type
TQFP
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
23
Eeprom Memory Size
1KB
Ram Memory Size
2KB
Cpu Speed
20MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32770-1007 - ISP 4PORT ATMEL AVR MCU SPI/JTAGATAVRDRAGON - KIT DRAGON 32KB FLASH MEM AVR
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
ATMEGA328P-20AU
ATMEGA328P-20AU
Q3790246

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20.5
20.5.1
8271C–AVR–08/10
Frame Formats
USART MSPIM Initialization
A serial frame for the MSPIM is defined to be one character of 8 data bits. The USART in MSPIM
mode has two valid frame formats:
• 8-bit data with MSB first
• 8-bit data with LSB first
A frame starts with the least or most significant data bit. Then the next data bits, up to a total of
eight, are succeeding, ending with the most or least significant bit accordingly. When a complete
frame is transmitted, a new frame can directly follow it, or the communication line can be set to
an idle (high) state.
The UDORDn bit in UCSRnC sets the frame format used by the USART in MSPIM mode. The
Receiver and Transmitter use the same setting. Note that changing the setting of any of these
bits will corrupt all ongoing communication for both the Receiver and Transmitter.
16-bit data transfer can be achieved by writing two data bytes to UDRn. A UART transmit com-
plete interrupt will then signal that the 16-bit value has been shifted out.
The USART in MSPIM mode has to be initialized before any communication can take place. The
initialization process normally consists of setting the baud rate, setting master mode of operation
(by setting DDR_XCKn to one), setting frame format and enabling the Transmitter and the
Receiver. Only the transmitter can operate independently. For interrupt driven USART opera-
tion, the Global Interrupt Flag should be cleared (and thus interrupts globally disabled) when
doing the initialization.
Note:
Before doing a re-initialization with changed baud rate, data mode, or frame format, be sure that
there is no ongoing transmissions during the period the registers are changed. The TXCn Flag
can be used to check that the Transmitter has completed all transfers, and the RXCn Flag can
be used to check that there are no unread data in the receive buffer. Note that the TXCn Flag
must be cleared before each transmission (before UDRn is written) if it is used for this purpose.
The following simple USART initialization code examples show one assembly and one C func-
tion that are equal in functionality. The examples assume polling (no interrupts enabled). The
ATmega48A/48PA/88A/88PA/168A/168PA/328/328
To ensure immediate initialization of the XCKn output the baud-rate register (UBRRn) must be
zero at the time the transmitter is enabled. Contrary to the normal mode USART operation the
UBRRn must then be written to the desired value after the transmitter is enabled, but before the
first transmission is started. Setting UBRRn to zero before enabling the transmitter is not neces-
sary if the initialization is done immediately after a reset since UBRRn is reset to zero.
207

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