MC145158P Motorola, MC145158P Datasheet

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MC145158P

Manufacturer Part Number
MC145158P
Description
Serial-Input PLL Frequency Synthesizer
Manufacturer
Motorola
Datasheet

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MOTOROLA
SEMICONDUCTOR TECHNICAL DATA
PLL Frequency Synthesizer
Family
CMOS
phase–locked loop frequency synthesizers. When combined with an external
low–pass filter and voltage–controlled oscillator, these devices can provide all
the remaining functions for a PLL frequency synthesizer operating up to the
device’s frequency limit. For higher VCO frequency operation, a down mixer or
a prescaler can be used between the VCO and the synthesizer IC.
applications:
DEVICE DETAIL SHEETS
FAMILY CHARACTERISTICS
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
REV 1
8/95
MOTOROLA
The devices described in this document are typically used as low–power,
These frequency synthesizer chips can be found in the following and other
Motorola, Inc. 1995
MC145151–2 Parallel–Input, Single–Modulus
MC145152–2 Parallel–Input, Dual–Modulus
MC145155–2 Serial–Input, Single–Modulus
MC145156–2 Serial–Input, Dual–Modulus
MC145157–2 Serial–Input, Single–Modulus
MC145158–2 Serial–Input, Dual–Modulus
Maximum Ratings
DC Electrical Characteristics
AC Electrical Characteristics
Timing Requirements
Frequency Characteristics
Phase Detector/Lock Detector Output Waveforms
Phase–Locked Loop — Low–Pass Filter Design
Crystal Oscillator Considerations
Dual–Modulus Prescaling
CATV
AM/FM Radios
Two–Way Radios
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OSC
A
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CONTROL LOGIC
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P/P + 1
TV Tuning
Scanning Receivers
Amateur Radio
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CONTENTS
R
N
VCO
OUTPUT
FREQUENCY
MC145151–2 through MC145158–2
MC145151-2
MC145152-2
MC145155-2
MC145156-2
MC145157-2
MC145158-2
Order this document
by MC145151–2/D
Page
13
17
20
23
23
25
26
27
27
28
29
30
2
5
9
1

Related parts for MC145158P

MC145158P Summary of contents

Page 1

... REV 1 8/95 MOTOROLA Motorola, Inc. 1995 TV Tuning Scanning Receivers Amateur Radio ...

Page 2

... Digital Phase Detector Enhances Transfer Function Linearity Two Error Signal Options: Single–Ended (Three–State) or Double–Ended Chip Complexity: 8000 FETs or 2000 Equivalent Gates REV 1 8/95 MC145151–2 through MC145158–2 Motorola, Inc. 1995 2 MC145151-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 710 ...

Page 3

... N Counter Programming Inputs (Pins 11 – 20, 22 – 25) These inputs provide the data that is preset into the counter when it reaches the count of zero the least sig- nificant and N13 is the most significant. Pull–up resistors en- MOTOROLA MC145151–2 BLOCK DIAGRAM RA2 RA1 ...

Page 4

... N = 2284 TO 3484 X6 MC145151–2 Data Sheet Continued on Page 23 VOLTAGE CONTROLLED OSCILLATOR 5 – 5.5 MHz TRANSMIT: 440.0 – 470.0 MHz RECEIVE: 418.6 – 448.6 MHz (25 kHz STEPS) LOOP VCO X6 FILTER T: 73.3333 – 78.3333 MHz R: 69.7667 – 74.7667 MHz DOWN MIXER 60.2500 MHz MOTOROLA ...

Page 5

... Dual Modulus/Parallel Programming 8 User–Selectable R Values: 8, 64, 128, 256, 512, 1024, 1160, 2048 N Range = 3 to 1023, A Range = Chip Complexity: 8000 FETs or 2000 Equivalent Gates See Application Note AN980 REV 1 8/95 MOTOROLA Motorola, Inc. 1995 MC145152-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 710 SUFFIX A SOG PACKAGE ...

Page 6

... At this time, MC goes high and remains high until the N counter has counted the rest of the way down from its programmed value (N – A additional counts since both N and LOCK LD DETECT MC V PHASE DETECTOR counter has counted down from its A are counting down during the first MOTOROLA ...

Page 7

... Design page for additional information. The R and V outputs swing rail–to–rail. Therefore, the user should be careful not to exceed the common mode input range of the op amp used in the combiner/loop filter. Figure 1. Synthesizer for Land Mobile Radio VHF Bands MOTOROLA POWER SUPPLY V DD Positive Power Supply (Pin 3) The positive power supply potential ...

Page 8

... V NOTE for 800 MHz Cellular Radio Systems MC145152–2 Data Sheet Continued on Page 23 RECEIVER FIRST L.O. 825.030 844.980 MHz (30 kHz STEPS) X4 VCO NOTE 6 X4 TRANSMITTER NOTE 6 MODULATION MC12017 TRANSMITTER SIGNAL 64/65 PRESCALER 825.030 844.980 MHz NOTE 6 (30 kHz STEPS) MOTOROLA ...

Page 9

... N Range = 3 to 16383 “Linearized” Digital Phase Detector Enhances Transfer Function Linearity Two Error Signal Options: Single–Ended (Three–State) or Double–Ended Chip Complexity: 6504 FETs or 1626 Equivalent Gates REV 1 8/95 MOTOROLA Motorola, Inc. 1995 MC145155-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 707 18 1 ...

Page 10

... OSC in , but for larger amplitude signals (standard CMOS logic levels) dc coupling may also be used. In the external reference mode, no connection is required to OSC out . LOCK LD DETECT f R PHASE PD out DETECTOR PHASE V DETECTOR R B SW2 LATCH SW1 2–BIT SHIFT REGISTER N COUNTER BITS FIRST DATA BIT IN (BIT NO. 1) MOTOROLA ...

Page 11

... The R and V outputs swing rail–to–rail. Therefore, the user should be careful not to exceed the common mode input range of the op amp used in the combiner/loop filter. Figure 1. Microprocessor–Controlled TV/CATV Tuning System with Serial Interface MOTOROLA SW1, SW2 Band Switch Outputs (PDIP – Pins 13, 14; ...

Page 12

... MC145151–2 through MC145158–2 12 2.56 MHz MC145155–2 V DATA CLK ENB CMOS TO DISPLAY MPU/MCU Figure 2. AM/FM Radio Synthesizer MC145155–2 Data Sheet Continued on Page 23 TO – AM/FM OSCILLATORS + 1/2 MC1458* MOTOROLA ...

Page 13

... A Range = 0 to 127 “Linearized” Digital Phase Detector Enhances Transfer Function Linearity Two Error Signal Options: Single–Ended (Three–State) or Double–Ended Chip Complexity: 6504 FETs or 1626 Equivalent Gates REV 1 8/95 MOTOROLA Motorola, Inc. 1995 MC145156-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP 20 CASE 738 1 ...

Page 14

... OSC out . TEST A counter, Factory Test Input (Pin 16) Used in manufacturing. Must be left open or tied LOCK LD DETECT f R PHASE PD out DETECTOR PHASE V DETECTOR R B SW2 LATCH SW1 2–BIT SHIFT REGISTER N COUNTER BITS FIRST DATA BIT IN (BIT NO. 1) MOTOROLA ...

Page 15

... A additional counts since both N and A are counting down during the first por- tion of the cycle then set back low, the counters MOTOROLA preset to their respective programmed values, and the above sequence repeated. This provides for a total programmable divide value ( ...

Page 16

... MC145156–2 Data Sheet Continued on Page – VCO + 1/2 MC1458 NOTE 3 VCO RANGE NAV: 97.300 – 107.250 MHz COM–T: 118.000 – 135.975 MHz COM–R: 139.400 – 157.375 MHz – VCO + MC33171 NOTE 256 (code 011) for COM. MOTOROLA ...

Page 17

... Compatible with the Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI) on CMOS MCUs “Linearized” Digital Phase Detector Single–Ended (Three–State) or Double–Ended Phase Detector Outputs Chip Complexity: 6504 FETs or 1626 Equivalent Gates REV 1 8/95 MOTOROLA Motorola, Inc. 1995 N Counters MC145157-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 648 16 ...

Page 18

... Frequency and Phase Coincidence: High–Imped- ance State Double–Ended Phase Detector B Outputs (Pins 16, 15) These outputs can be combined externally for a loop–error signal. A single–ended output is also available for this pur- pose (see PD out ). f R LOCK LD DETECT PHASE PD out DETECTOR A PHASE V DETECTOR S/R out MOTOROLA ...

Page 19

... Lock Detector Output (Pin 7) This output is essentially at a high level when the loop is locked ( same phase and frequency), and pulses low when loop is out of lock. MOTOROLA REF out Buffered Reference Oscillator Output (Pin 14) This output can be used as a second local oscillator, refer- ence oscillator to another frequency synthesizer the system clock to a microprocessor controller ...

Page 20

... Chip Complexity: 6504 FETs or 1626 Equivalent Gates REV 1 8/95 MC145151–2 through MC145158–2 Motorola, Inc. 1995 20 N Counters MC145158-2 P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 648 SUFFIX SOG PACKAGE 16 CASE 751G 1 ORDERING INFORMATION MC145158P2 Plastic DIP MC145158DW2 SOG Package PIN ASSIGNMENT OSC OSC out REF out ...

Page 21

... A, N counter latch. The data entry format is as follows: R FIRST DATA BIT INTO SHIFT REGISTER MOTOROLA MC145158–2 BLOCK DIAGRAM 14–BIT SHIFT REGISTER 14 REFERENCE COUNTER LATCH 14 14– ...

Page 22

... POWER SUPPLY V DD Positive Power Supply (Pin 4) The positive power supply potential. This pin may range from + with respect Negative Power Supply (Pin 6) The most negative supply potential. This pin is usually ground. R and MOTOROLA ...

Page 23

... OSC High–Level Input Voltage — except OSC Input Current ( OSC Input Leakage Current (Data, CLK, ENB — without pull–ups Input Leakage Current (all inputs except OSC in ) MOTOROLA Value Unit – 0 10.0 V – 0 0.5 V – 0 500 mW – 150 ...

Page 24

... A — 0.1 — 3.0 A — 10 — MOTOROLA ...

Page 25

... TLH , t THL Maximum Output Transition Time, Other Outputs (Figures 3 and 4) INPUT 50% t PLH t PHL OUTPUT 50% Figure 1. t TLH ANY OUTPUT TEST POINT OUTPUT DEVICE UNDER TEST * Includes all probe and fixture capacitance. Figure 4. Test Circuit MOTOROLA ( pF, Input ns Guaranteed Limit ...

Page 26

... ANY 90% OUTPUT 10% Figure 8. MC145151–2 through MC145158– Guaranteed Limit SWITCHING WAVEFORMS DATA 50% — CLK 50% ENB t f — Guaranteed Limit 25 C – Unit 3.5 MHz — — LAST FIRST CLK CLK rec — 50 PREVIOUS DATA LATCHED Figure 7. MOTOROLA ...

Page 27

... At this point, when both f R and f V are in phase, the output is forced to near mid–supply. NOTE: The PD out generates error pulses during out–of–lock conditions. When locked in phase and frequency the output is high and the voltage at this pin is determined by the low–pass filter capacitor. Figure 9. Phase Detector/Lock Detector Output Waveforms MOTOROLA – ...

Page 28

... Kinley, Harold, The PLL Synthesizer Cookbook. Blue Ridge Summit, PA, Tab Books, 1980. AN535, Phase–Locked Loop Design Fundamentals, Motorola Semiconductor Products, Inc., 1970. AR254, Phase–Locked Loop Design Articles, Motorola Semiconductor Products, Inc., Reprinted with permission from Electronic Design, 1987. MC145151–2 through MC145158–2 ...

Page 29

... CRYSTAL OSCILLATOR CONSIDERATIONS The following options may be considered to provide a ref- erence frequency to Motorola’s CMOS frequency synthe- sizers. Use of a Hybrid Crystal Oscillator Commercially available temperature–compensated crystal oscillators (TCXOs) or crystal–controlled data clock oscilla- tors provide very stable reference frequencies. An oscillator capable of sinking and sourcing CMOS logic levels may be direct or dc coupled to OSC in ...

Page 30

... Table 1. Partial List of Crystal Manufacturers Name United States Crystal Corp. Crystek Crystal Statek Corp. NOTE: Motorola cannot recommend one supplier over another and in no way suggests that this is a complete listing of crystal manufacturers. RECOMMENDED READING Technical Note TN–24, Statek Corp. Technical Note TN–7, Statek Corp. ...

Page 31

... DEVICE A MC10131 MC10138 MC10154 NOTE: MC12009, MC12011, and MC12013 are pin equivalent. MOTOROLA MC DEVICE A DEVICE B DEVICE B MC12009 MC12011 MC12013 20/ 21 32/ 33 40/ 41 50/ 51 80/ 81 100/ 101 80/ 81 40 80/ 81 128/ 129 MC12015, MC12016, and MC12017 are pin equivalent. Figure 13. Dual–Modulus Values MC145151– ...

Page 32

... B 0.140 0.180 C 3.56 4.57 D 0.36 0.56 0.014 0.022 F 1.27 1.78 0.050 0.070 G 2.54 BSC 0.100 BSC H 1.02 1.52 0.040 0.060 J 0.20 0.30 0.008 0.012 K 2.92 3.43 0.115 0.135 L 7.62 BSC 0.300 BSC 0.51 1.02 0.020 0.040 MOTOROLA ...

Page 33

... - -T- SEATING PLANE MOTOROLA P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 710–02 (MC145151–2, MC145152– SEATING PLANE P SUFFIX PLASTIC DIP CASE 738–03 (MC145156– 0.25 (0.010 0.25 (0.010 NOTES: 1. POSITIONAL TOLERANCE OF LEADS (D), SHALL BE WITHIN 0.25mm (0.010) AT MAXIMUM MATERIAL CONDITION, IN RELATION TO SEATING PLANE AND EACH OTHER ...

Page 34

... B 7.40 7.60 0.292 0.299 C 2.35 2.65 0.093 0.104 D 0.35 0.49 0.014 0.019 F 0.41 0.90 0.016 0.035 F G 1.27 BSC 0.050 BSC J 0.23 0.32 0.009 0.013 K 0.13 0.29 0.005 0.011 10.05 10.55 0.395 0.415 R 0.25 0.75 0.010 0.029 MOTOROLA ...

Page 35

... D 16X 0.010 (0.25 14X K MOTOROLA DW SUFFIX SOG PACKAGE CASE 751G–02 (MC145157–2, MC145158– 0.010 (0.25 –T– M SEATING PLANE NOTES: 1. DIMENSIONING AND TOLERANCING PER ANSI Y14.5M, 1982. 2. CONTROLLING DIMENSION: MILLIMETER. 3. DIMENSIONS A AND B DO NOT INCLUDE MOLD PROTRUSION ...

Page 36

... Motorola reserves the right to make changes without further notice to any products herein. Motorola makes no warranty, representation or guarantee regarding the suitability of its products for any particular purpose, nor does Motorola assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any product or circuit, and specifically disclaims any and all liability, including without limitation consequential or incidental damages. “Typical” parameters can and do vary in different applications. All operating parameters, including “ ...

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