LNK564DN-TL Power Integrations, LNK564DN-TL Datasheet - Page 5



Manufacturer Part Number
Power Integrations

Specifications of LNK564DN-TL

Output Isolation
Frequency Range
93 ~ 107kHz
Voltage - Output
Power (watts)
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 150°C
Package / Case
8-SOIC (0.154", 3.90mm Width) 7 leads
Input / Supply Voltage (max)
265 VAC
Input / Supply Voltage (min)
85 VAC
Duty Cycle (max)
70 %
Switching Frequency
100 kHz
Supply Current
160 uA
Operating Temperature Range
- 40 C to + 150 C
Mounting Style
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
Key Application Considerations
Output Power Table
The data sheet maximum output power table (Table 1) represents
the maximum practical continuous output power level that can
be obtained under the following assumed conditions:
1. The minimum DC input voltage is 90 V or higher for 85 VAC
2. Secondary output of 6 V with a Schottky rectifi er diode.
3. Assumed effi ciency of 70%.
4. Voltage only output (no secondary-side constant current
5. Discontinuous mode operation (K
6. A suitably sized core to allow a practical transformer design
7. The part is board mounted with SOURCE pins soldered
8. Ambient temperature of 50 °C for open frame designs and an
Table 2. Estimate of Transformer Power Capability vs.
Below a value of 1, K
current. Above a value of 1, K
OFF time to the secondary diode conduction time. Due to
the fl ux density requirements described below, typically a
LinkSwitch-LP design will be discontinuous, which also has
the benefi t of allowing lower-cost fast (vs. ultra-fast) output
diodes and reducing EMI.
Clampless Designs
Clampless designs rely solely on the drain node capacitance
to limit the leakage inductance induced peak drain-to-source
voltage. Therefore the maximum AC input line voltage, the
value of V
leakage inductance and peak primary current), and the primary
winding capacitance determine the peak drain voltage. With no
signifi cant dissipative element present, as is the case with an
external clamp, the longer duration of the leakage inductance
ringing can increase EMI.
The following requirements are recommended for a universal
input or 230 VAC only Clampless design:
Core Size
input, or 240 V or higher for 230 VAC input or 115 VAC with
a voltage doubler. The value of the input capacitance should
be large enough to meet these criteria for AC input designs.
(see Table 2).
to a suffi cient area of copper to keep the SOURCE pin
temperature at or below 100 °C.
internal enclosure temperature of 60 °C for adapter designs.
LinkSwitch-LP Device and Core Size at a Flux Density of
1500 Gauss (150 mT).
, the leakage inductance energy, (a function of
1.1 W
1.3 W
1.9 W
is the ratio of ripple to peak primary
LinkSwitch-LP Device
is the ratio of primary MOSFET
1.4 W
1.7 W
2.5 W
> 1).
1.7 W
2 W
3 W
1. Clampless designs should only be used for P
2. For designs with P
3. For designs with 2 < P
4. For designs with P
5. Ensure that worst-case, high line, peak drain voltage is below
output diode forward voltage drop that is refl ected to the
primary via the turns ratio of the transformer during the diode
conduction time. The V
leakage spike to determine the peak drain voltage.
Audible Noise
The cycle skipping mode of operation used in LinkSwitch-LP
can generate audio frequency components in the transformer.
To limit this audible noise generation, the transformer should
be designed such that the peak core fl ux density is below
1500 Gauss (150 mT). Following this guideline and using the
standard transformer production technique of dip varnishing,
practically eliminates audible noise. Vacuum impregnation
of the transformer is not recommended, as it does not provide
any better reduction of audible noise than dip varnishing. And
although vacuum impregnation has the benefi t of increased
transformer capacitance (which helps in Clampless designs),
it can also upset the mechanical design of the transformer,
especially if shield windings are used. Higher fl ux densities are
possible, increasing the power capability of the transformers
above what is shown in Table 2. However careful evaluation of
the audible noise performance should be made using production
transformer samples before approving the design.
Ceramic capacitors that use dielectrics such as Z5U, when used
in clamp circuits, may also generate audio noise. If this is the
case, try replacing them with a capacitor having a different
dielectric or construction, for example a fi lm type.
Bias Winding Feedback
To give the best output regulation in bias winding designs, a
slow diode such as the 1N400x series should be used as the
rectifi er. This effectively fi lters the leakage inductance spike
and reduces the error that this would give when using fast
recovery time diodes. The use of a slow diode is a requirement
in Clampless designs.
a V
used to ensure adequate primary intra-winding capacitance
in the range of 25 pF to 50 pF.
to the transformer using a standard recovery rectifi er diode
(1N4003– 1N4007) to act as a clamp. This bias winding may
also be used to externally power the device by connecting
a resistor from the bias winding capacitor to the BYPASS
pin. This inhibits the internal high-voltage current source,
reducing device dissipation and no-load consumption.
and an external RCD or Zener clamp should be used.
the BV
≤ 650 V to allow margin for design variation.
(Refl ected Output Voltage), is the secondary output plus
of ≤ 90 V
specifi cation of the internal MOSFET and ideally
>2.5 W, Clampless designs are not practical
≤ 2 W, a two-layer primary must be
≤ 2.5 W, a bias winding must be added
adds to the DC bus voltage and the
≤ 2.5 W using
Rev. H 11/08

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