L5991 STMicroelectronics, L5991 Datasheet

IC PRIMARY CTRLR W/STANDBY 16DIP

L5991

Manufacturer Part Number
L5991
Description
IC PRIMARY CTRLR W/STANDBY 16DIP
Manufacturer
STMicroelectronics
Datasheet

Specifications of L5991

Mfg Application Notes
25W Off-Line Battery Charger with L5991A AppNote 300W Forward Converter with L5991A AppNote 45W AC-DC Adapter with Standby AppNote 60W Power Supply using the L5991 AppNote 80W Adapter using L6561/L5991A AppNote 90W SMPS for Monitors with Standby AppNote Trick Enhances L5991s Standby Function AppNote L5991-Based Converter, Temp Extra Power AppNote Auxiliary Power Supply Design AppNote Minimize Power Losses AppNote
Pwm Type
Current Mode
Number Of Outputs
1
Frequency - Max
1MHz
Duty Cycle
93%
Voltage - Supply
11 V ~ 20 V
Buck
No
Boost
Yes
Flyback
Yes
Inverting
No
Doubler
No
Divider
No
Cuk
No
Isolated
Yes
Operating Temperature
0°C ~ 105°C
Package / Case
16-DIP (0.300", 7.62mm)
Frequency-max
1MHz
Duty Cycle (max)
93 %
Output Voltage
5.075 V
Output Current
1500 mA
Mounting Style
Through Hole
Switching Frequency
1000 KHz
Operating Supply Voltage
12 V to 20 V
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 150 C
Fall Time
35 ns
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
Rise Time
70 ns
Synchronous Pin
Yes
Topology
Boost, Flyback
Package
DIP16 AND SO16
For Use With
497-8226 - BOARD EVAL L5991/STP12NK80Z497-6416 - BOARD EVAL L5991/STP10NK60Z497-5083 - EVAL BOARD 3PH PWR SUPPLY W/ESBT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
497-7251-5
L5991

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DESCRIPTION
This primary controller I.C., developed in BCD60II
technology, has been designed to implement off
BLOCK DIAGRAM
August 2001
CURRENT-MODE CONTROL PWM
SWITCHING FREQUENCY UP TO 1MHz
LOW START-UP CURRENT (< 120 A)
HIGH-CURRENT OUTPUT DRIVE SUITABLE
FOR POWER MOSFET (1A)
FULLY LATCHED PWM LOGIC WITH DOU-
BLE PULSE SUPPRESSION
PROGRAMMABLE DUTY CYCLE
100% AND 50% MAXIMUM DUTY CYCLE LIMIT
STANDBY FUNCTION
PROGRAMMABLE SOFT START
PRIMARY OVERCURRENT FAULT DETEC-
TION WITH RE-START DELAY
PWM UVLO WITH HYSTERESIS
IN/OUT SYNCHRONIZATION
LATCHED DISABLE
INTERNAL 100ns LEADING EDGE BLANK-
ING OF CURRENT SENSE
PACKAGE: DIP16 AND SO16
ISEN
RCT
DIS
DC
SS
®
2
3
14
13
7
2.5V
1.2V
OVER CURRENT
+
+
+
-
-
-
DIS
1V
PRIMARY CONTROLLER WITH STANDBY
BLANKING
TIMING
SYNC
1
T
PWM
R
SOFT-START
FAULT
SGND
2R
12
15
DC-LIM
15V/10V
25V
VREF OK
8
CLK
DIS
line or DC-DC power supply applications using a
fixed frequency current mode control.
Based on a standard current mode PWM control-
ler this device includes some features such as
programmable soft start, IN/OUT synchronization,
disable (to be used for over voltage protection and
for power management), precise maximum Duty
Cycle Control, 100ns leading edge blanking on
current sense, pulse by pulse current limit, over-
current protection with soft start intervention, and
Standby function for oscillator frequency reduction
when the converter is lightly loaded.
V
CC
+
-
MULTIPOWER BCD TECHNOLOGY
ORDERING NUMBERS: L5991/L5991A (DIP16)
S
R
COMP
6
Q
PWM UVLO
DIP16
E/A
+
-
Vref
2.5V
STAND-BY
VREF
13V
D97IN725A
L5991D/L5991AD (SO16)
4
VREF
10
11
16
9
5
SO16
L5991A
V
OUT
PGND
ST-BY
VFB
C
L5991
1/23

Related parts for L5991

L5991 Summary of contents

Page 1

... August 2001 PRIMARY CONTROLLER WITH STANDBY MULTIPOWER BCD TECHNOLOGY ORDERING NUMBERS: L5991/L5991A (DIP16) line or DC-DC power supply applications using a fixed frequency current mode control. Based on a standard current mode PWM control- ler this device includes some features such as programmable soft start, IN/OUT synchronization, ...

Page 2

... L5991 - L5991A ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS Symbol V Supply Voltage ( Output Peak Pulse Current OUT Analog Inputs & Outputs (6,7) Analog Inputs & Outputs (1,2,3,4,5,15,14, 13, 16) P Power Dissipation @ T tot T Junction Temperature, Operating Range j T Storage Temperature, Operating Range stg (*) maximum package power dissipation limits must be observed ...

Page 3

... COMP sen COMP VSS = 0. 250mA 20mA 12V 200mA 12V 5mA 20V 20V V = 24V CC C L5991 - L5991A (*) C = 1nF; T Min. Typ. Max. Unit 4.925 5.0 5.075 0.4 mV/ C 4.80 5.0 5.130 V 30 150 mA 0.2 0 100 105 kHz 93 100 107 kHz 46 ...

Page 4

... I = 2mA ST-BY V Falling comp V Rising comp Master Operation I = 0.8mA SOURCE Vclock = 3.5V Slave Operation Low Level High Level VSYNC = 3. pin14 V = 15V CC Figure 2. L5991 - Quiescent current vs. input voltage (after disable 7.6V and Y= 8.4V for L5991A µ Min. Typ. Max 100 70 1.0 ...

Page 5

... Vcc =15V, after turn-on 500KHz RT=13 CT=1nF 1 300KHz 100KHz 0.1 0.01 -50 - Figure 8. Vref vs. junction temperature. Vref [V]) 5.1 5.05 5 4.95 4 -50 -25 L5991 - L5991A and switching frequency Operating current Vcc =15V, after turn-on RT=13.3k , CT=1nF DC=75%, Co=1nF Quiescent current Start-up current Vc=Vcc= Vccon-0.5V, before turn- ...

Page 6

... L5991 - L5991A Figure 9. Vref vs. junction temperature. Vref [V] 5.1 Vcc = 15V 5.05 Iref= 20mA 5 4.95 4.9 -50 - (°C) Figure 11. Output saturation. Vsat = V [ Vcc = Vc = 15V 25° 0.2 0.4 0.6 Isource [A] Figure 13. UVLO Saturation Ipin10 [mA] 50 Vcc < Vccon 40 before turn- 200 400 600 800 Vpin10 [mV] 6/23 Figure 10 ...

Page 7

... V15 = 0V 2.5 2 V15 = Vref 1 Figure 20. E/A frequency response. G [dB] 150 100 50 PIN10 = OPEN 1V pulse 0 on PIN13 100 125 150 0.01 0.1 L5991 - L5991A Rt= 4.5Kohm 1nF Vcc = 15V, V15 100 125 Tj (°C) V15 = 0V V15 = Vref Rt = 4.5Kohm 1nF 100 Duty Cycle [%] 1 10 100 ...

Page 8

... T2 T1 still higher than 3.5V). In fig. 22, some practical examples of synchroniz- ing the L5991 are given. Since the device automatically diminishes its op- are inter- erating frequency under light load conditions reasonable to suppose that synchronization will refer to normal operation and not to standby. ...

Page 9

... limitation on the maximum duty cycle is re- quired (i.e. D ing. An internal pull-up (see fig. 24) holds the volt- age above 3V. Should the pin pick up noise (e.g. L5991 - L5991A SYNC 600 A CLK D97IN729A ...

Page 10

... VFB (pin 5). Compensation networks to- wards ground are not possible since the L5991 E voltage mode amplifier (low output im- pedance). See application ideas for some exam- ple of compensation techniques. ...

Page 11

... Besides, no current flows when the gate voltage is 13V, steady state. Under UVLO conditions an internal circuit (shown SHORT T hic L5991 - L5991A + R g only. g ment. Rg' V ...

Page 12

... The peculiarity of this circuit is its ability to mantain the same sink capability (typically, 20mA @ 1V) from the start-up threshold. CC When the threshold is exceeded and the L5991 starts operating pulled high (refer to fig. REFOK 28) and the circuit is disabled then possible to omit the "bleeder" resistor ...

Page 13

... STANDBY signal goes low the N-channel FET 11 is turned off and the pin becomes floating D97IN498 ISEN OUT DRIVER - R 10V 4 VREF STANDBY ST-BY LEVEL SHIFT RCT L5991 - L5991A (in order to get T , sets the operating frequency of the fact, as long osc is charged through R and V10 · V10 STANDBY ...

Page 14

... V and 4V appropriate traces widths and, in case of high voltages, compliance with isolation distances are the major issues. The L5991 eases this task by putting two pins at disposal for separate current returns of bias (SGND) and switch drive currents (PGND) The matter is complex and only few im- portant points will be here reminded ...

Page 15

... APPLICATION IDEAS Here follows a series of ideas/suggestions aimed at Figure 33. Typical application circuit for computer monitors (90W). either improving performance or solving common application problems of L5991 based supplies. L5991 - L5991A 15/23 ...

Page 16

... L5991 - L5991A Figure 34. Typical application circuit for inkjet printers (40W). 16/23 ...

Page 17

... Figure 38. Bipolar transistor driver. L5991 SGND VREF ISEN R A OPTIONAL D97IN751A ISOLATION BOUNDARY OUT ISEN 13 11 SGND V IN 2.2M 33K STD1NB50 REF 4 L5991 47K 12 11 D97IN762B OUT ISEN 13 L5991 11 PGND D97IN763 L5991 - L5991A R SENSE V IN D97IN761 T SELF-SUPPLY WINDING V IN 17/23 ...

Page 18

... L5991 - L5991A Figure 39. Typical E/A compensation networks. From Error Amp compensation circuit for stabilizing any current-mode topology except for boost and flyback converters operating with continuous inductor current. From Error Amp compensation circuit for stabilizing current-mode boost and flyback topologies operating with continuous inductor current. ...

Page 19

... DC OUT L5991 11 PGND SGND Figure 46. Voltage mode operation Figure 44. Device shutdown on overcurrent L5991 11 PGND SGND D97IN755A ISEN SENSE DC 3 10K L5991 COMP SGND ISEN D97IN758A L5991 - L5991A R START DIS L5991 2.2K SGND PGND D98IN905 2 max VREF R SENSE DIS ISEN SENSE OPTIONAL D97IN756A R· ...

Page 20

... L5991 - L5991A Figure 47. Device shutdown on mains undervoltage 80÷400V Figure 48. Synchronization to flyback pulses (for monitors). 20/ VREF 4 4.7K 3 5.1 R2 10K SGND D97IN750B SYNC L5991 5.1V SGND L5991 12 11 PGND D97IN753A ...

Page 21

... DIM. MIN. TYP. MAX. MIN. a1 0.51 0.020 B 0.77 1.65 0.030 b 0 8.5 e 2.54 e3 17.78 F 7.1 I 5.1 L 3.3 Z 1.27 inch MECHANICAL DATA TYP. MAX. 0.065 0.020 0.010 0.787 0.335 0.100 0.700 0.280 0.201 0.130 0.050 L5991 - L5991A OUTLINE AND DIP16 21/23 ...

Page 22

... L5991 - L5991A mm DIM. MIN. TYP. MAX. MIN. A 1.75 a1 0.1 0.25 0.004 a2 1.6 b 0.35 0.46 0.014 b1 0.19 0.25 0.007 C 0.5 c1 45˚ (typ.) D (1) 9.8 10 0.386 E 5.8 6.2 0.228 e 1.27 e3 8.89 F (1) 3.8 4 0.150 G 4.6 5.3 0.181 L 0.4 1.27 0.016 M 0.62 8˚(max.) S (1) D and F do not include mold flash or protrusions ...

Page 23

... The ST logo is a registered trademark of STMicroelectronics © 2001 STMicroelectronics – Printed in Italy – All Rights Reserved Australia - Brazil - China - Finland - France - Germany - Hong Kong - India - Italy - Japan - Malaysia - Malta - Morocco - Singapore - Spain - Sweden - Switzerland - United Kingdom - U.S.A. STMicroelectronics GROUP OF COMPANIES http://www.st.com L5991 - L5991A 23/23 ...

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