IC, STEP-DOWN VOLTAGE REGULATOR, TO-220

LM2596T-ADJ

Manufacturer Part NumberLM2596T-ADJ
DescriptionIC, STEP-DOWN VOLTAGE REGULATOR, TO-220
ManufacturerNational Semiconductor
LM2596T-ADJ datasheet
 


Specifications of LM2596T-ADJ

Primary Input Voltage40VNo. Of Outputs1
Output Voltage37VOutput Current3A
No. Of Pins5Operating Temperature Range-40°C To +125°C
Supply Voltage Range4.5V To 40VFilter TerminalsThrough Hole
Rohs CompliantYesLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
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Application Information
THERMAL CONSIDERATIONS
The LM2596 is available in two packages, a 5-pin TO-220
(T) and a 5-pin surface mount TO-263 (S).
The TO-220 package needs a heat sink under most condi-
tions. The size of the heatsink depends on the input voltage,
the output voltage, the load current and the ambient tem-
perature. The curves in Figure 19 show the LM2596T junc-
tion temperature rises above ambient temperature for a 3A
load and different input and output voltages. The data for
these curves was taken with the LM2596T (TO-220 pack-
age) operating as a buck switching regulator in an ambient
temperature of 25˚C (still air). These temperature rise num-
bers are all approximate and there are many factors that can
affect these temperatures. Higher ambient temperatures re-
quire more heat sinking.
The TO-263 surface mount package tab is designed to be
soldered to the copper on a printed circuit board. The copper
and the board are the heat sink for this package and the
other heat producing components, such as the catch diode
and inductor. The PC board copper area that the package is
soldered to should be at least 0.4 in
have 2 or more square inches of 2 oz. (0.0028) in) copper.
Additional copper area improves the thermal characteristics,
but with copper areas greater than approximately 6 in
small improvements in heat dissipation are realized. If fur-
ther thermal improvements are needed, double sided, mul-
tilayer PC board with large copper areas and/or airflow are
recommended.
The curves shown in Figure 20 show the LM2596S (TO-263
package) junction temperature rise above ambient tempera-
ture with a 2A load for various input and output voltages. This
data was taken with the circuit operating as a buck switching
regulator with all components mounted on a PC board to
simulate the junction temperature under actual operating
conditions. This curve can be used for a quick check for the
approximate junction temperature for various conditions, but
be aware that there are many factors that can affect the
junction temperature. When load currents higher than 2A are
used, double sided or multilayer PC boards with large cop-
per areas and/or airflow might be needed, especially for high
ambient temperatures and high output voltages.
For the best thermal performance, wide copper traces and
generous amounts of printed circuit board copper should be
used in the board layout. (One exception to this is the output
(switch) pin, which should not have large areas of copper.)
Large areas of copper provide the best transfer of heat
(lower thermal resistance) to the surrounding air, and moving
air lowers the thermal resistance even further.
Package thermal resistance and junction temperature rise
numbers are all approximate, and there are many factors
that will affect these numbers. Some of these factors include
board size, shape, thickness, position, location, and even
board temperature. Other factors are, trace width, total
printed circuit copper area, copper thickness, single- or
double-sided, multilayer board and the amount of solder on
the board. The effectiveness of the PC board to dissipate
heat also depends on the size, quantity and spacing of other
components on the board, as well as whether the surround-
ing air is still or moving. Furthermore, some of these com-
ponents such as the catch diode will add heat to the PC
board and the heat can vary as the input voltage changes.
For the inductor, depending on the physical size, type of core
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material and the DC resistance, it could either act as a heat
(Continued)
sink taking heat away from the board, or it could add heat to
the board.
2
, and ideally should
Circuit Data for Temperature Rise Curve
Capacitors
2
, only
Inductor
Diode
PC board
FIGURE 19. Junction Temperature Rise, TO-220
Circuit Data for Temperature Rise Curve
Capacitors
Inductor
Diode
PC board
FIGURE 20. Junction Temperature Rise, TO-263
24
01258334
TO-220 Package (T)
Through hole electrolytic
Through hole, Renco
Through hole, 5A 40V, Schottky
3 square inches single sided 2 oz. copper
(0.0028")
01258335
TO-263 Package (S)
Surface mount tantalum, molded “D” size
Surface mount, Pulse Engineering, 68 µH
Surface mount, 5A 40V, Schottky
9 square inches single sided 2 oz. copper
(0.0028")