TOP222YN Power Integrations, TOP222YN Datasheet

IC OFFLINE SWIT PWM OCP HV TO220

TOP222YN

Manufacturer Part Number
TOP222YN
Description
IC OFFLINE SWIT PWM OCP HV TO220
Manufacturer
Power Integrations
Series
TOPSwitch®-IIr
Type
Off Line Switcherr
Datasheet

Specifications of TOP222YN

Output Isolation
Isolated
Frequency Range
90 ~ 110kHz
Voltage - Output
700V
Power (watts)
25W
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 150°C
Package / Case
TO-220-3
Output Voltage
5.7 V
Input / Supply Voltage (max)
265 VAC
Input / Supply Voltage (min)
85 VAC
Duty Cycle (max)
70 %
Switching Frequency
100 KHz
Supply Current
1.2 mA
Operating Temperature Range
- 40 C to + 150 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
Other names
596-1156-5
TOP222YN

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TOP221-227
TOPSwitch-II Family
Three-terminal Off-line PWM Switch
• Lowest cost, lowest component count switcher solution
• Cost competitive with linears above 5W
• Very low AC/DC losses – up to 90% efficiency
• Built-in Auto-restart and Current limiting
• Latching Thermal shutdown for system level protection
• Implements Flyback, Forward, Boost or Buck topology
• Works with primary or opto feedback
• Stable in discontinuous or continuous conduction mode
• Source connected tab for low EMI
• Circuit simplicity and Design Tools reduce time to market
Description
The second generation TOPSwitch-II family is more cost
effective and provides several enhancements over the first
generation TOPSwitch family. The TOPSwitch-II family extends
the power range from 100W to 150W for 100/115/230 VAC
input and from 50W to 90W for 85-265 VAC universal input.
This brings TOPSwitch technology advantages to many new
applications, i.e. TV, Monitor, Audio amplifiers, etc. Many
significant circuit enhancements that reduce the sensitivity to
board layout and line transients now make the design even
Notes: 1. Package outline: TO-220/3 2. Package Outline: DIP-8 or SMD-8 3. 100/115 VAC with doubler input 4. Assumes appropriate
heat sinking to keep the maximum TOPSwitch junction temperature below 100 C. 5. Soldered to 1 sq. in.( 6.45 cm
(610 gm/m
in a given application depends on thermal environment, transformer design, efficiency required, minimum specified input voltage, input
storage capacitance, etc. 7. Refer to key application considerations section when using TOPSwitch-II in an existing TOPSwitch design.
NUMBER
TOP221Y
TOP222Y
TOP223Y
TOP224Y
TOP225Y
TOP226Y
TOP227Y
ORDER
PART
2
) 6. P
100/115/230 VAC 15%
Product Highlights
Single Voltage Input
MAX
TO-220 (Y) Package
is the maximum practical continuous power output level for conditions shown. The continuous power capability
12 W
25 W
50 W
75 W
100 W
125 W
150 W
P
MAX
4,6
®
3
Wide Range Input
85 to 265 VAC
1
OUTPUT POWER TABLE
P
7 W
15 W
30 W
45 W
60 W
75 W
90 W
MAX
4,6
TOP221P or TOP221G
TOP222P or TOP222G
TOP223P or TOP223G
TOP224P or TOP224G
NUMBER
ORDER
Figure 1. Typical Flyback Application.
easier. The standard 8L PDIP package option reduces cost in
lower power, high efficiency applications. The internal lead
frame of this package uses six of its pins to transfer heat from
the chip directly to the board, eliminating the cost of a heat sink.
TOPSwitch incorporates all functions necessary for a switched
mode control system into a three terminal monolithic IC: power
MOSFET, PWM controller, high voltage start up circuit, loop
compensation and fault protection circuitry.
AC
PART
IN
TOPSwitch
8L PDIP (P) or 8L SMD (G) Package
100/115/230 VAC 15%
Single Voltage Input
D
S
CONTROL
.
P
MAX
9 W
15 W
25 W
30 W
5,6
3
C
Wide Range Input
85 to 265 VAC
2
), 2 oz. copper clad
2
PI-1951-091996
P
6 W
10 W
15 W
20 W
July 2001
MAX
5,6
®

TOP222YN Summary of contents

Page 1

TOP221-227 TOPSwitch-II Family Three-terminal Off-line PWM Switch Product Highlights • Lowest cost, lowest component count switcher solution • Cost competitive with linears above 5W • Very low AC/DC losses – 90% efficiency • Built-in Auto-restart and Current limiting ...

Page 2

TOP221-227 V C CONTROL Z C SHUNT REGULATOR/ ERROR AMPLIFIER - + 5 OSCILLATOR D MAX CLOCK SAW R E Figure 2. Functional Block Diagram. Pin Functional Description DRAIN Pin: Output MOSFET drain connection. Provides internal bias ...

Page 3

TOPSwitch-II Family Functional Description TOPSwitch is a self biased and protected linear control current- to-duty cycle converter with an open drain output. High efficiency is achieved through the use of CMOS and integration of the maximum number of functions possible. ...

Page 4

TOP221-227 TOPSwitch-II Family Functional Description (cont.) Control Voltage Supply CONTROL pin voltage V is the supply or bias voltage for the C controller and driver circuitry. An external bypass capacitor closely connected between the CONTROL and SOURCE pins is required ...

Page 5

DRAIN 0 V OUT 0 I OUT Figure 6. Typical Waveforms for (1) Normal Operation, (2) Auto-restart, and (3) Power Down Reset. compensated to minimize variation ...

Page 6

TOP221-227 + 2 UF4005 Wide-Range DC Input D TOP221P CONTROL S - Figure 7. Schematic Diagram TOPSwitch-II Standby Power Supply using an 8 lead PDIP. Application Examples Following are ...

Page 7

BR1 L2 400 400 V C6 0.1 F 250 VAC Figure 8. Schematic Diagram Universal Input TOPSwitch-II Power Supply using an 8 lead PDIP. ...

Page 8

TOP221-227 Key Application Considerations General Guidelines • Keep the SOURCE pin length very short. Use a Kelvin connection to the SOURCE pin for the CONTROL pin bypass capacitor. Use single point grounding techniques at the SOURCE pin as shown in ...

Page 9

... TOP VIEW Bias/Feedback Bias/Feedback Figure 9. Recommended TOPSwitch Layout. Design Tools The following tools available from Power Integrations greatly simplify TOPSwitch based power supply design. • Data Book and Design Guide includes extensive application information • Excel Spreadsheets for Transformer Design - Use of this tool is strongly recommended for all TOPSwitch designs. • ...

Page 10

TOP221-227 DRAIN Voltage ............................................ -0.3 to 700 V DRAIN Current Increase ( 100 ns except during D blanking time ......................................... 0 CONTROL Voltage ..................................... - 0 CONTROL Current ............................................... 100 mA ...

Page 11

Parameter Symbol SHUTDOWN/AUTO-RESTART (cont.) Auto-restart V Threshold Voltage C(AR) UV Lockout Threshold Voltage Auto-restart Hysteresis Voltage Auto-restart Duty Cycle Auto-restart Frequency CIRCUIT PROTECTION Self-protection I Current Limit LIMIT Initial Current I Limit INIT Leading Edge t Blanking Time LEB Conditions ...

Page 12

TOP221-227 Parameter Symbol CIRCUIT PROTECTION (cont.) Current Limit t Delay ILD Thermal Shutdown Temperature Power-up Reset V C(RESET) Threshold Voltage OUTPUT ON-State R Resistance DS(ON) OFF-State I DSS Current Breakdown BV Voltage DSS Rise t Time R Fall t Time ...

Page 13

Parameter Symbol OUTPUT (cont.) DRAIN Supply Voltage Shunt Regulator V Voltage C(SHUNT) Shunt Regulator Temperature Drift I CD1 CONTROL Supply/ Discharge Current I CD2 NOTES: A. For specifications with negative values, a negative temperature coefficient corresponds to an increase in ...

Page 14

TOP221-227 90% DRAIN VOLTAGE 10 Figure 10. TOPSwitch Duty Cycle Measurement. t LEB (Blanking Time) 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 I INIT(MIN VAC 0.7 I INIT(MIN) @ 265 VAC ...

Page 15

D CONTROL TOPSwitch S NOTES: 1. This test circuit is not applicable for current limit or output characteristic measurements. 2. For P package, short all SOURCE and SOURCE (HV RTN) pins together. Figure 14. TOPSwitch General Test Circuit. D CONTROL ...

Page 16

TOP221-227 BENCH TEST PRECAUTIONS FOR EVALUATION OF ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS The following precautions should be followed when testing TOPSwitch by itself outside of a power supply. The schematic shown in Figure 14 is suggested for laboratory testing of TOPSwitch. When the ...

Page 17

Typical Performance Characteristics (cont.) OUTPUT CHARACTERISTICS 3 TCASE=25 C TCASE=100 C 2 Scaling Factors: TOP227 1.00 1 TOP226 0.83 TOP225 0.67 TOP224 0.50 TOP223 0.33 TOP222 0.17 TOP221 0. DRAIN Voltage (V) 1000 8 10 ...

Page 18

TOP221-227 mm DIM inches A .460-.480 11.68-12.19 B .400-.415 10.16-10.54 5.99-6.60 C .236-.260 6.10 - REF. D .240 - REF. 13.21-14.22 E .520-.560 .028-.038 .71-. .045-.055 1.14-1.40 H .090-.110 2.29-2.79 4.19-4.70 J .165-.185 1.14-1.40 K .045-.055 2.41-2.92 L ...

Page 19

D S .004 (.10 - G08A J2 .010 (.25 SMD-8 Heat Sink is 2 oz. Copper As Big As Possible .046 .060 .060 .046 ...

Page 20

... Power Integrations reserves the right to make changes to its products at any time to improve reliability or manufacturability. Power Integrations does not assume any liability arising from the use of any device or circuit described herein, nor does it convey any license under its patent rights or the rights of others. ...

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