ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part NumberATmega168P
ManufacturerAtmel Corporation
ATmega168P datasheets
 

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)16 KbytesPin Count32
Max. Operating Frequency20 MHzCpu8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels16Hardware Qtouch AcquisitionNo
Max I/o Pins23Ext Interrupts24
Usb SpeedNoUsb InterfaceNo
Spi2Twi (i2c)1
Uart1Graphic LcdNo
Video DecoderNoCamera InterfaceNo
Adc Channels8Adc Resolution (bits)10
Adc Speed (ksps)15Analog Comparators1
Resistive Touch ScreenNoTemp. SensorYes
Crypto EngineNoSram (kbytes)1
Eeprom (bytes)512Self Program MemoryYES
Dram MemoryNoNand InterfaceNo
PicopowerYesTemp. Range (deg C)-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class1.8 to 5.5Operating Voltage (vcc)1.8 to 5.5
FpuNoMpu / Mmuno / no
Timers3Output Compare Channels6
Input Capture Channels1Pwm Channels6
32khz RtcYesCalibrated Rc OscillatorYes
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Page 271/420

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26.2.5
Simple Assembly Code Example for a Boot Loader
Note that the RWWSB bit will always be read as zero in ATmega48P. Nevertheless, it is recom-
mended to check this bit as shown in the code example, to ensure compatibility with devices
supporting Read-While-Write.
;-the routine writes one page of data from RAM to Flash
; the first data location in RAM is pointed to by the Y pointer
; the first data location in Flash is pointed to by the Z-pointer
;-error handling is not included
;-the routine must be placed inside the Boot space
; (at least the Do_spm sub routine). Only code inside NRWW section can
; be read during Self-Programming (Page Erase and Page Write).
;-registers used: r0, r1, temp1 (r16), temp2 (r17), looplo (r24),
; loophi (r25), spmcrval (r20)
; storing and restoring of registers is not included in the routine
; register usage can be optimized at the expense of code size
;-It is assumed that either the interrupt table is moved to the Boot
; loader section or that the interrupts are disabled.
.equ PAGESIZEB = PAGESIZE*2
.org SMALLBOOTSTART
Write_page:
; Page Erase
ldi
rcallDo_spm
; re-enable the RWW section
ldi
rcallDo_spm
; transfer data from RAM to Flash page buffer
ldi
ldi
Wrloop:
ld
ld
ldi
rcallDo_spm
adiw ZH:ZL, 2
sbiw loophi:looplo, 2
brne Wrloop
; execute Page Write
subi ZL, low(PAGESIZEB)
sbci ZH, high(PAGESIZEB)
ldi
rcallDo_spm
; re-enable the RWW section
ldi
rcallDo_spm
; read back and check, optional
ldi
ldi
subi YL, low(PAGESIZEB)
8025M–AVR–6/11
;PAGESIZEB is page size in BYTES, not words
spmcrval, (1<<PGERS) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
spmcrval, (1<<RWWSRE) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
looplo, low(PAGESIZEB)
;init loop variable
loophi, high(PAGESIZEB)
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
r0, Y+
r1, Y+
spmcrval, (1<<SELFPRGEN)
;use subi for PAGESIZEB<=256
;restore pointer
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
spmcrval, (1<<PGWRT) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
spmcrval, (1<<RWWSRE) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
looplo, low(PAGESIZEB)
;init loop variable
loophi, high(PAGESIZEB)
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
;restore pointer
ATmega48P/88P/168P
271