Note 1: Absolute Maximum Ratings indicate limits beyond which damage to the device may occur. Operating Ratings indicate conditions for which the device is
functional, but do not guarantee specific performance limits. For guaranteed specifications and test conditions, see the Electrical Characteristics. The guaranteed
specifications apply only for the test conditions listed. Some performance characteristics may degrade when the device is not operated under the listed test
Note 2: All voltages are measured with respect to GND = 0V, unless otherwise specified
Note 3: When the input voltage at any pin exceeds the power supplies (that is, less than GND, or greater than V
mA. The 20 mA maximum package input current rating limits the number of pins that can safely exceed the power supplies with an input current of 10 mA to two.
Note 4: The absolute maximum junction temperature (T
to-ambient thermal resistance (θ
), and the ambient temperature (T
power dissipation will be reached only when the device is operated in a severe fault condition (e.g., when input or output pins are driven beyond the power supply
voltages, or the power supply polarity is reversed). Obviously, such conditions should always be avoided.
Note 5: Human body model is 100 pF capacitor discharged through a 1.5 kΩ resistor. Machine model is 220 pF discharged through ZERO Ohms.
Note 6: See the section entitled "Surface Mount" found in any post 1986 National Semiconductor Linear Data Book for methods of soldering surface mount
Note 7: The analog inputs are protected as shown below. Input voltage magnitudes up to V
However, errors in the conversion result can occur if any input goes above V
to ensure accurate conversions.
Note 8: To guarantee accuracy, it is required that V
Note 9: Typical figures are at T
= 25°C, and represent most likely parametric norms. Test limits are guaranteed to National's AOQL (Average Outgoing Quality
Note 10: This parameter is guaranteed by design and/or characterization and is not tested in production.
DIFFERENTIAL NON-LINEARITY (DNL) is the measure of
the maximum deviation from the ideal step size of 1 LSB,
which is V
/ 4096 = V
DIGITAL FEEDTHROUGH is a measure of the energy inject-
ed into the analog output of the DAC from the digital inputs
when the DAC outputs are not updated. It is measured with a
full-scale code change on the data bus.
FULL-SCALE ERROR is the difference between the actual
output voltage with a full scale code (FFFh) loaded into the
DAC and the value of V
x 4095 / 4096.
GAIN ERROR is the deviation from the ideal slope of the
transfer function. It can be calculated from Zero and Full-
Scale Errors as GE = FSE - ZE, where GE is Gain error, FSE
is Full-Scale Error and ZE is Zero Error.
GLITCH IMPULSE is the energy injected into the analog out-
put when the input code to the DAC register changes. It is
specified as the area of the glitch in nanovolt-seconds.
INTEGRAL NON-LINEARITY (INL) is a measure of the de-
viation of each individual code from a straight line through the
input to output transfer function. The deviation of any given
code from this straight line is measured from the center of that
code value. The end point method is used. INL for this product
is specified over a limited range, per the Electrical Tables.
LEAST SIGNIFICANT BIT (LSB) is the bit that has the small-
est value or weight of all bits in a word. This value is
LSB = V
is the supply voltage for this product, and "n" is
the DAC resolution in bits, which is 12 for the DAC121S101.
) for this device is 150°C. The maximum allowable power dissipation is dictated by T
), and can be calculated using the formula P
+ 300 mV or to 300 mV below GND will not damage this device.
or below GND by more than 100 mV. For example, if V
be well bypassed.
MAXIMUM LOAD CAPACITANCE is the maximum capaci-
tance that can be driven by the DAC with output stability
MONOTONICITY is the condition of being monotonic, where
the DAC has an output that never decreases when the input
MOST SIGNIFICANT BIT (MSB) is the bit that has the largest
value or weight of all bits in a word. Its value is 1/2 of V
POWER EFFICIENCY is the ratio of the output current to the
total supply current. The output current comes from the power
supply. The difference between the supply and output cur-
rents is the power consumed by the device without a load.
SETTLING TIME is the time for the output to settle to within
1/2 LSB of the final value after the input code is updated.
WAKE-UP TIME is the time for the output to settle to within
1/2 LSB of the final value after the device is commanded to
the active mode from any of the power down modes.
ZERO CODE ERROR is the output error, or voltage, present
at the DAC output after a code of 000h has been entered.
), the current at that pin should be limited to 10
) / θ
. The values for maximum
, the junction-
, ensure that