ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part NumberATmega168A
ManufacturerAtmel Corporation
ATmega168A datasheets
 


Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)16 KbytesPin Count32
Max. Operating Frequency20 MHzCpu8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels16Hardware Qtouch AcquisitionNo
Max I/o Pins23Ext Interrupts24
Usb SpeedNoUsb InterfaceNo
Spi2Twi (i2c)1
Uart1Graphic LcdNo
Video DecoderNoCamera InterfaceNo
Adc Channels8Adc Resolution (bits)10
Adc Speed (ksps)15Analog Comparators1
Resistive Touch ScreenNoTemp. SensorYes
Crypto EngineNoSram (kbytes)1
Eeprom (bytes)512Self Program MemoryYES
Dram MemoryNoNand InterfaceNo
PicopowerNoTemp. Range (deg C)-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class1.8 to 5.5Operating Voltage (vcc)1.8 to 5.5
FpuNoMpu / Mmuno / no
Timers3Output Compare Channels6
Input Capture Channels1Pwm Channels6
32khz RtcYesCalibrated Rc OscillatorYes
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Page 104/567

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In fast PWM mode, the compare unit allows generation of PWM waveforms on the OC0x pins.
Setting the COM0x1:0 bits to two will produce a non-inverted PWM and an inverted PWM output
can be generated by setting the COM0x1:0 to three: Setting the COM0A1:0 bits to one allows
the OC0A pin to toggle on Compare Matches if the WGM02 bit is set. This option is not available
for the OC0B pin (see
the port pin if the data direction for the port pin is set as output. The PWM waveform is gener-
ated by setting (or clearing) the OC0x Register at the compare match between OCR0x and
TCNT0, and clearing (or setting) the OC0x Register at the timer clock cycle the counter is
cleared (changes from TOP to BOTTOM).
The PWM frequency for the output can be calculated by the following equation:
The N variable represents the prescale factor (1, 8, 64, 256, or 1024).
The extreme values for the OCR0A Register represents special cases when generating a PWM
waveform output in the fast PWM mode. If the OCR0A is set equal to BOTTOM, the output will
be a narrow spike for each MAX+1 timer clock cycle. Setting the OCR0A equal to MAX will result
in a constantly high or low output (depending on the polarity of the output set by the COM0A1:0
bits.)
A frequency (with 50% duty cycle) waveform output in fast PWM mode can be achieved by set-
ting OC0x to toggle its logical level on each compare match (COM0x1:0 = 1). The waveform
generated will have a maximum frequency of f
feature is similar to the OC0A toggle in CTC mode, except the double buffer feature of the Out-
put Compare unit is enabled in the fast PWM mode.
15.7.4
Phase Correct PWM Mode
The phase correct PWM mode (WGM02:0 = 1 or 5) provides a high resolution phase correct
PWM waveform generation option. The phase correct PWM mode is based on a dual-slope
operation. The counter counts repeatedly from BOTTOM to TOP and then from TOP to BOT-
TOM. TOP is defined as 0xFF when WGM2:0 = 1, and OCR0A when WGM2:0 = 5. In non-
inverting Compare Output mode, the Output Compare (OC0x) is cleared on the compare match
between TCNT0 and OCR0x while upcounting, and set on the compare match while downcount-
ing. In inverting Output Compare mode, the operation is inverted. The dual-slope operation has
lower maximum operation frequency than single slope operation. However, due to the symmet-
ric feature of the dual-slope PWM modes, these modes are preferred for motor control
applications.
In phase correct PWM mode the counter is incremented until the counter value matches TOP.
When the counter reaches TOP, it changes the count direction. The TCNT0 value will be equal
to TOP for one timer clock cycle. The timing diagram for the phase correct PWM mode is shown
on
Figure
the dual-slope operation. The diagram includes non-inverted and inverted PWM outputs. The
small horizontal line marks on the TCNT0 slopes represent compare matches between OCR0x
and TCNT0.
8271D–AVR–05/11
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
Table 15-6 on page
f
OCnxPWM
15-7. The TCNT0 value is in the timing diagram shown as a histogram for illustrating
109). The actual OC0x value will only be visible on
f
clk_I/O
=
----------------- -
N 256
= f
/2 when OCR0A is set to zero. This
OC0
clk_I/O
104