ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part NumberATmega168A
ManufacturerAtmel Corporation
ATmega168A datasheets
 

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)16 KbytesPin Count32
Max. Operating Frequency20 MHzCpu8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels16Hardware Qtouch AcquisitionNo
Max I/o Pins23Ext Interrupts24
Usb SpeedNoUsb InterfaceNo
Spi2Twi (i2c)1
Uart1Graphic LcdNo
Video DecoderNoCamera InterfaceNo
Adc Channels8Adc Resolution (bits)10
Adc Speed (ksps)15Analog Comparators1
Resistive Touch ScreenNoTemp. SensorYes
Crypto EngineNoSram (kbytes)1
Eeprom (bytes)512Self Program MemoryYES
Dram MemoryNoNand InterfaceNo
PicopowerNoTemp. Range (deg C)-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class1.8 to 5.5Operating Voltage (vcc)1.8 to 5.5
FpuNoMpu / Mmuno / no
Timers3Output Compare Channels6
Input Capture Channels1Pwm Channels6
32khz RtcYesCalibrated Rc OscillatorYes
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Page 186/567

Download datasheet (21Mb)Embed
PrevNext
chronous operation is used, the clock on the XCKn pin will be overridden and used as
transmission clock.
20.6.1
Sending Frames with 5 to 8 Data Bit
A data transmission is initiated by loading the transmit buffer with the data to be transmitted. The
CPU can load the transmit buffer by writing to the UDRn I/O location. The buffered data in the
transmit buffer will be moved to the Shift Register when the Shift Register is ready to send a new
frame. The Shift Register is loaded with new data if it is in idle state (no ongoing transmission) or
immediately after the last stop bit of the previous frame is transmitted. When the Shift Register is
loaded with new data, it will transfer one complete frame at the rate given by the Baud Register,
U2Xn bit or by XCKn depending on mode of operation.
The following code examples show a simple USART transmit function based on polling of the
Data Register Empty (UDREn) Flag. When using frames with less than eight bits, the most sig-
nificant bits written to the UDRn are ignored. The USART has to be initialized before the function
can be used. For the assembly code, the data to be sent is assumed to be stored in Register
R16
Assembly Code Example
USART_Transmit:
C Code Example
void USART_Transmit( unsigned char data )
{
}
Note:
The function simply waits for the transmit buffer to be empty by checking the UDREn Flag,
before loading it with new data to be transmitted. If the Data Register Empty interrupt is utilized,
the interrupt routine writes the data into the buffer.
20.6.2
Sending Frames with 9 Data Bit
If 9-bit characters are used (UCSZn = 7), the ninth bit must be written to the TXB8 bit in
UCSRnB before the low byte of the character is written to UDRn. The following code examples
show a transmit function that handles 9-bit characters. For the assembly code, the data to be
sent is assumed to be stored in registers R17:R16.
8271D–AVR–05/11
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
(1)
; Wait for empty transmit buffer
in r16, UCSRnA
sbrs r16, UDREn
rjmp USART_Transmit
; Put data (r16) into buffer, sends the data
out
UDRn,r16
ret
(1)
/* Wait for empty transmit buffer */
while ( !( UCSRnA & (1<<UDREn)) )
;
/* Put data into buffer, sends the data */
UDRn = data;
1.
See ”About Code Examples” on page 8.
186