ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part NumberATmega168A
ManufacturerAtmel Corporation
ATmega168A datasheets
 


Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)16 KbytesPin Count32
Max. Operating Frequency20 MHzCpu8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels16Hardware Qtouch AcquisitionNo
Max I/o Pins23Ext Interrupts24
Usb SpeedNoUsb InterfaceNo
Spi2Twi (i2c)1
Uart1Graphic LcdNo
Video DecoderNoCamera InterfaceNo
Adc Channels8Adc Resolution (bits)10
Adc Speed (ksps)15Analog Comparators1
Resistive Touch ScreenNoTemp. SensorYes
Crypto EngineNoSram (kbytes)1
Eeprom (bytes)512Self Program MemoryYES
Dram MemoryNoNand InterfaceNo
PicopowerNoTemp. Range (deg C)-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class1.8 to 5.5Operating Voltage (vcc)1.8 to 5.5
FpuNoMpu / Mmuno / no
Timers3Output Compare Channels6
Input Capture Channels1Pwm Channels6
32khz RtcYesCalibrated Rc OscillatorYes
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Figure 21-1. UCPHAn and UCPOLn data transfer timing diagrams.
21.5
Frame Formats
A serial frame for the MSPIM is defined to be one character of 8 data bits. The USART in MSPIM
mode has two valid frame formats:
• 8-bit data with MSB first
• 8-bit data with LSB first
A frame starts with the least or most significant data bit. Then the next data bits, up to a total of
eight, are succeeding, ending with the most or least significant bit accordingly. When a complete
frame is transmitted, a new frame can directly follow it, or the communication line can be set to
an idle (high) state.
The UDORDn bit in UCSRnC sets the frame format used by the USART in MSPIM mode. The
Receiver and Transmitter use the same setting. Note that changing the setting of any of these
bits will corrupt all ongoing communication for both the Receiver and Transmitter.
16-bit data transfer can be achieved by writing two data bytes to UDRn. A UART transmit com-
plete interrupt will then signal that the 16-bit value has been shifted out.
21.5.1
USART MSPIM Initialization
The USART in MSPIM mode has to be initialized before any communication can take place. The
initialization process normally consists of setting the baud rate, setting master mode of operation
(by setting DDR_XCKn to one), setting frame format and enabling the Transmitter and the
Receiver. Only the transmitter can operate independently. For interrupt driven USART opera-
tion, the Global Interrupt Flag should be cleared (and thus interrupts globally disabled) when
doing the initialization.
Note:
Before doing a re-initialization with changed baud rate, data mode, or frame format, be sure that
there is no ongoing transmissions during the period the registers are changed. The TXCn Flag
can be used to check that the Transmitter has completed all transfers, and the RXCn Flag can
8271D–AVR–05/11
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
UCPOL=0
XCK
Data setup (TXD)
Data sample (RXD)
XCK
Data setup (TXD)
Data sample (RXD)
To ensure immediate initialization of the XCKn output the baud-rate register (UBRRn) must be
zero at the time the transmitter is enabled. Contrary to the normal mode USART operation the
UBRRn must then be written to the desired value after the transmitter is enabled, but before the
first transmission is started. Setting UBRRn to zero before enabling the transmitter is not neces-
sary if the initialization is done immediately after a reset since UBRRn is reset to zero.
UCPOL=1
XCK
Data setup (TXD)
Data sample (RXD)
XCK
Data setup (TXD)
Data sample (RXD)
208