IC CODEC STEREO 5V 16BIT 68PLCC

AD1845JPZ

Manufacturer Part NumberAD1845JPZ
DescriptionIC CODEC STEREO 5V 16BIT 68PLCC
ManufacturerAnalog Devices Inc
TypeStereo Audio
AD1845JPZ datasheet
 


Specifications of AD1845JPZ

Resolution (bits)16 bNumber Of Adcs / Dacs2 / 2
Sigma DeltaYesDynamic Range, Adcs / Dacs (db) Typ81 / 82
Voltage - Supply, Analog4.75 V ~ 5.25 VVoltage - Supply, Digital4.75 V ~ 5.25 V
Operating Temperature0°C ~ 70°CMounting TypeSurface Mount
Package / Case68-PLCCSingle Supply Voltage (typ)5V
Single Supply Voltage (min)4.75VSingle Supply Voltage (max)5.25V
Package TypePLCCLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
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AD1845
FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION
This section overviews the functionality of the AD1845 and is
intended as a general introduction to the capabilities of the
device. As much as possible, detailed reference information has
been placed in “Control Registers” and other sections. The
user is not expected to refer repeatedly to this section.
Analog Inputs
The AD1845 SoundPort Stereo Codec accepts stereo line-level
and microphone-level inputs. The LINE, MIC, AUX1, and
post-mixed DAC output are available to the ADC multiplexer.
The DAC output can be mixed with LINE, MIC, AUX1,
AUX2 and M_IN. Each channel of the MIC inputs can be
amplified by +20 dB to compensate for the difference between
line levels and typical condenser microphone levels.
Analog Mixing
The M_IN mono input signal, MIC, LINE, AUX1 and AUX2
analog stereo signals can be mixed in the analog domain with
the DAC output. Each channel of each AUX, LINE and MIC
analog input can be independently gained/attenuated from
+12 dB to –34.5 dB in 1.5 dB steps or completely muted.
M_IN can be attenuated from 0 dB to –45 dB in 3 dB steps or
muted. The post-mixed DAC outputs are available on L_OUT
and R_OUT and also to the ADC input multiplexer.
Even if the AD1845 is not playing back data from its DACs, the
analog mix function can still be active.
Analog-to-Digital Datapath
The PGA following the input multiplexer allows independent
selectable gains for each channel from 0 dB to 22.5 dB in
+1.5 dB steps. The codec can operate either in a global stereo
mode or in a global mono mode with left-channel inputs
appearing at both channel outputs.
The AD1845
ADCs incorporate a fourth-order modulator.
A single pole of passive filtering is all that is required for anti-
aliasing the analog input because of the ADC’s high over sam-
pling ratio. The ADCs include linear-phase digital decimation
filters that low-pass filter the input to 0.4 F
word rate or “sampling frequency.”) ADC input over range
conditions are reported on status bits in the Test and Initializa-
tion Register.
Digital-to-Analog Datapath
The
DACs are preceded by a programmable attenuator and
a low-pass digital interpolation filter. The anti-imaging interpo-
lation filter over samples and digitally filters the higher fre-
quency images. The attenuator allows independent control of
each DAC channel from 0 dB to –94.5 dB in –1.5 dB steps plus
full mute. The DACs’
noise shapers also over sample and
convert the signal to a single-bit stream. The DAC outputs are
then filtered in the analog domain by a combination of switched-
capacitor and continuous-time filters. They remove the very
high frequency components of the DAC bit stream output. No
external components are required.
Changes in DAC output attenuation take effect only on zero
crossings, eliminating “zipper” noise on playback. Each chan-
nel has its own independent zero-crossing detector and attenua-
tor change control circuitry. A timer guarantees that requested
volume changes will occur even in the absence of a zero cross-
ing. The time-out period is 8 milliseconds at a 48 kHz sampling
rate and 48 milliseconds at an 8 kHz sampling rate. (Timeout
[ms]
384
F
[kHz].)
S
Digital Mixing
Stereo digital output from the ADCs can be digitally mixed with
the input to the DACs. Digital output from the ADCs going out
of the data port is unaffected by the digital mix. Along the
digital mix datapath, the 16-bit linear output from the ADCs
is attenuated by an amount specified with control bits. Both
channels of the digital mix datapath are attenuated by the same
amount. (Note that internally the AD1845 always works with
16-bit PCM linear data, digital mixing included; format conver-
sions take place at the input and output.)
Sixty-four steps of –1.5 dB attenuation are supported to –94.5 dB.
The digital mix datapath can also be completely muted. Note
that the level of the mixed signal is also a function of the input
PGA settings, since they affect the ADCs’ output.
The attenuated digital mix data is digitally summed with the
DAC input data prior to the DACs’ datapath attenuators. The
digital sum of digital mix data and DAC input data is clipped at
plus or minus full scale and does not wrap around. Because both
stereo signals are mixed before the output attenuators, mix data is
attenuated a second time by the DACs’ datapath attenuators.
In case the AD1845 is capturing data, but ADC output data is
not removed in time (“ADC overrun”), the last sample captured
before overrun will be used for the digital mix. In case the
AD1845 is playing back data, but input digital DAC data fails
to arrive in time (“DAC underrun”), a midscale zero will be
added to the digital mix data when the DACZ control bit is set
to 0; otherwise, the DAC will output the previous valid sample
in an underrun condition.
Analog Outputs
Stereo and mono line-level outputs are available at external
pins. Each channel of this output can be independently muted.
When muted, the outputs will settle to a dc value near V
midscale reference voltage. The output is selectable for 2.0 V
peak-to-peak or 2.8 V peak-to-peak. When selecting the LINE
output as an input to the ADC, the ADC automatically com-
pensates for the output level selection.
. (“F
” is the
S
S
Digital Data Types
The AD1845 supports five global data types: 16-bit twos comple-
ment linear PCM (little endian and big endian byte ordering),
8-bit unsigned linear PCM, companded -law, and 8-bit com-
panded A-law, as specified by control register bits. Data in all
formats is always transferred MSB first. All data formats that are
less than 16 bits are MSB-aligned to ensure the use of full
system resolution.
The 16-bit PCM data format is capable of representing 96 dB
of dynamic range. Eight-bit PCM can represent 48 dB of dy-
namic range. Companded -law and A-law data formats use
nonlinear coding with less precision for large amplitude signals.
The loss of precision is compensated for by an increase in dy-
namic range to 64 dB and 72 dB, respectively.
On input, 8-bit companded data is expanded to an internal
linear representation, according to whether -law or A-law was
specified in the codec’s internal registers. Note that when -law
compressed data is expanded to a linear format, it requires
14 bits. A-law data expanded requires 13 bits.
–10–
, the
REF
REV. C