ATmega168A Atmel Corporation, ATmega168A Datasheet - Page 194

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ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168A
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
No
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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20.8.3
8271D–AVR–05/11
Asynchronous Operational Range
recovery process is then repeated until a complete frame is received. Including the first stop bit.
Note that the Receiver only uses the first stop bit of a frame.
Figure 20-7 on page 194
of the start bit of the next frame.
Figure 20-7. Stop Bit Sampling and Next Start Bit Sampling
The same majority voting is done to the stop bit as done for the other bits in the frame. If the stop
bit is registered to have a logic 0 value, the Frame Error (FEn) Flag will be set.
A new high to low transition indicating the start bit of a new frame can come right after the last of
the bits used for majority voting. For Normal Speed mode, the first low level sample can be at
point marked (A) in
(B). (C) marks a stop bit of full length. The early start bit detection influences the operational
range of the Receiver.
The operational range of the Receiver is dependent on the mismatch between the received bit
rate and the internally generated baud rate. If the Transmitter is sending frames at too fast or too
slow bit rates, or the internally generated baud rate of the Receiver does not have a similar (see
Table 20-2 on page
frames to the start bit.
The following equations can be used to calculate the ratio of the incoming data rate and internal
receiver baud rate.
Table 1.
D
S
S
S
R
F
M
slow
(U2X = 0)
(U2X = 1)
Sample
Sample
RxD
R
slow
Sum of character size and parity size (D = 5 to 10 bit)
Samples per bit. S = 16 for Normal Speed mode and S = 8 for Double Speed
mode.
First sample number used for majority voting. S
for Double Speed mode.
Middle sample number used for majority voting. S
S
is the ratio of the slowest incoming data rate that can be accepted in relation to the
receiver baud rate. R
accepted in relation to the receiver baud rate.
M
=
= 5 for Double Speed mode.
Figure
------------------------------------------ -
S 1
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
195) base frequency, the Receiver will not be able to synchronize the
1
1
(
D
+
shows the sampling of the stop bit and the earliest possible beginning
2
20-7. For Double Speed mode the first low level must be delayed to
+
D S ⋅
1
)S
3
2
+
S
4
F
fast
5
3
is the ratio of the fastest incoming data rate that can be
6
7
4
8
STOP 1
9
5
10
0/1
(A)
6
R
0/1
F
fast
= 8 for normal speed and S
M
0/1
0/1
(B)
= 9 for normal speed and
=
-----------------------------------
(
D
(
+
D
1
+
)S
2
)S
+
(C)
S
M
F
194
= 4

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