ATmega168A Atmel Corporation, ATmega168A Datasheet - Page 233

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ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168A
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
No
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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8271D–AVR–05/11
Figure 22-13. Data Transfer in Master Receiver Mode
A START condition is sent by writing the following value to TWCR:
TWEN must be written to one to enable the 2-wire Serial Interface, TWSTA must be written to
one to transmit a START condition and TWINT must be set to clear the TWINT Flag. The TWI
will then test the 2-wire Serial Bus and generate a START condition as soon as the bus
becomes free. After a START condition has been transmitted, the TWINT Flag is set by hard-
ware, and the status code in TWSR will be 0x08 (See
SLA+R must be transmitted. This is done by writing SLA+R to TWDR. Thereafter the TWINT bit
should be cleared (by writing it to one) to continue the transfer. This is accomplished by writing
the following value to TWCR:
When SLA+R have been transmitted and an acknowledgement bit has been received, TWINT is
set again and a number of status codes in TWSR are possible. Possible status codes in Master
mode are 0x38, 0x40, or 0x48. The appropriate action to be taken for each of these status codes
is detailed in
Flag is set high by hardware. This scheme is repeated until the last byte has been received.
After the last byte has been received, the MR should inform the ST by sending a NACK after the
last received data byte. The transfer is ended by generating a STOP condition or a repeated
START condition. A STOP condition is generated by writing the following value to TWCR:
A REPEATED START condition is generated by writing the following value to TWCR:
After a repeated START condition (state 0x10) the 2-wire Serial Interface can access the same
Slave again, or a new Slave without transmitting a STOP condition. Repeated START enables
TWCR
value
TWCR
value
TWCR
value
TWCR
value
SDA
SCL
Table
TWINT
TWINT
TWINT
TWINT
1
1
1
1
22-3. Received data can be read from the TWDR Register when the TWINT
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
Device 1
RECEIVER
MASTER
TWEA
TWEA
TWEA
TWEA
X
X
X
X
TRANSMITTER
Device 2
SLAVE
TWSTA
TWSTA
TWSTA
TWSTA
1
0
0
1
Device 3
TWSTO
TWSTO
TWSTO
TWSTO
0
0
1
0
........
Table
TWWC
TWWC
TWWC
TWWC
Device n
X
X
X
X
22-2). In order to enter MR mode,
V
CC
TWEN
TWEN
TWEN
TWEN
1
1
1
1
R1
R2
0
0
0
0
TWIE
TWIE
TWIE
TWIE
X
X
X
X
233

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