ATmega168A Atmel Corporation, ATmega168A Datasheet - Page 28

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ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168A
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
No
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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9.1.3
9.1.4
9.1.5
9.2
9.2.1
9.2.2
8271D–AVR–05/11
Clock Sources
Flash Clock – clk
Asynchronous Timer Clock – clk
ADC Clock – clk
Default Clock Source
Clock Startup Sequence
The Flash clock controls operation of the Flash interface. The Flash clock is usually active simul-
taneously with the CPU clock.
The Asynchronous Timer clock allows the Asynchronous Timer/Counter to be clocked directly
from an external clock or an external 32kHz clock crystal. The dedicated clock domain allows
using this Timer/Counter as a real-time counter even when the device is in sleep mode.
The ADC is provided with a dedicated clock domain. This allows halting the CPU and I/O clocks
in order to reduce noise generated by digital circuitry. This gives more accurate ADC conversion
results.
The device has the following clock source options, selectable by Flash Fuse bits as shown
below. The clock from the selected source is input to the AVR clock generator, and routed to the
appropriate modules.
Table 9-1.
Note:
The device is shipped with internal RC oscillator at 8.0MHz and with the fuse CKDIV8 pro-
grammed, resulting in 1.0MHz system clock. The startup time is set to maximum and time-out
period enabled. (CKSEL = "0010", SUT = "10", CKDIV8 = "0"). The default setting ensures that
all users can make their desired clock source setting using any available programming interface.
Any clock source needs a sufficient V
cycles before it can be considered stable.
To ensure sufficient V
the device reset is released by all other reset sources.
describes the start conditions for the internal reset. The delay (t
Oscillator and the number of cycles in the delay is set by the SUTx and CKSELx fuse bits. The
ADC
Device Clocking Option
Low Power Crystal Oscillator
Full Swing Crystal Oscillator
Low Frequency Crystal Oscillator
Internal 128kHz RC Oscillator
Calibrated Internal RC Oscillator
External Clock
Reserved
FLASH
1. For all fuses “1” means unprogrammed while “0” means programmed.
Device Clocking Options Select
ASY
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
CC
, the device issues an internal reset with a time-out delay (t
CC
to start oscillating and a minimum number of oscillating
(1)
”System Control and Reset” on page 48
TOUT
1111 - 1000
0111 - 0110
0101 - 0100
CKSEL3...0
) is timed from the Watchdog
0011
0010
0000
0001
TOUT
) after
28

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