ATmega168A Atmel Corporation, ATmega168A Datasheet - Page 290

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ATmega168A

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168A
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168A

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
No
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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27.8.13
8271D–AVR–05/11
Simple Assembly Code Example for a Boot Loader
.equ PAGESIZEB = PAGESIZE*2
.org SMALLBOOTSTART
Write_page:
Wrloop:
Rdloop:
;-the routine writes one page of data from RAM to Flash
; the first data location in RAM is pointed to by the Y pointer
; the first data location in Flash is pointed to by the Z-pointer
;-error handling is not included
;-the routine must be placed inside the Boot space
; (at least the Do_spm sub routine). Only code inside NRWW section can
; be read during Self-Programming (Page Erase and Page Write).
;-registers used: r0, r1, temp1 (r16), temp2 (r17), looplo (r24),
; loophi (r25), spmcrval (r20)
; storing and restoring of registers is not included in the routine
; register usage can be optimized at the expense of code size
;-It is assumed that either the interrupt table is moved to the Boot
; loader section or that the interrupts are disabled.
; Page Erase
ldi
call Do_spm
; re-enable the RWW section
ldi
call Do_spm
; transfer data from RAM to Flash page buffer
ldi
ldi
ld
ld
ldi
call Do_spm
adiw ZH:ZL, 2
sbiw loophi:looplo, 2
brne Wrloop
; execute Page Write
subi ZL, low(PAGESIZEB)
sbci ZH, high(PAGESIZEB)
ldi
call Do_spm
; re-enable the RWW section
ldi
call Do_spm
; read back and check, optional
ldi
ldi
subi YL, low(PAGESIZEB)
sbci YH, high(PAGESIZEB)
lpm
ld
cpse r0, r1
jmp
sbiw loophi:looplo, 1
brne Rdloop
spmcrval, (1<<PGERS) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
spmcrval, (1<<RWWSRE) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
looplo, low(PAGESIZEB)
loophi, high(PAGESIZEB)
r0, Y+
r1, Y+
spmcrval, (1<<SELFPRGEN)
spmcrval, (1<<PGWRT) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
spmcrval, (1<<RWWSRE) | (1<<SELFPRGEN)
looplo, low(PAGESIZEB)
loophi, high(PAGESIZEB)
r0, Z+
r1, Y+
Error
ATmega48A/PA/88A/PA/168A/PA/328/P
;PAGESIZEB is page size in BYTES, not words
;init loop variable
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
;use subi for PAGESIZEB<=256
;restore pointer
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
;init loop variable
;not required for PAGESIZEB<=256
;restore pointer
;use subi for PAGESIZEB<=256
290

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