MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA16A-PU
DescriptionMCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
ManufacturerAtmel
SeriesAVR® ATmega
ATMEGA16A-PU datasheets
 


Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core ProcessorAVRCore Size8-Bit
Speed16MHzConnectivityI²C, SPI, UART/USART
PeripheralsBrown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDTNumber Of I /o32
Program Memory Size16KB (8K x 16)Program Memory TypeFLASH
Eeprom Size512 x 8Ram Size1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)2.7 V ~ 5.5 VData ConvertersA/D 8x10b
Oscillator TypeInternalOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)Processor SeriesATMEGA16x
CoreAVR8Data Bus Width8 bit
Data Ram Size1 KBInterface Type2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency16 MHzNumber Of Programmable I/os32
Number Of Timers3Maximum Operating Temperature+ 85 C
Mounting StyleThrough Hole3rd Party Development ToolsEWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By SupplierATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKITMinimum Operating Temperature- 40 C
On-chip Adc8-ch x 10-bitPackage40PDIP
Device CoreAVRFamily NameATmega
Maximum Speed16 MHzOperating Supply Voltage3.3|5 V
Controller Family/seriesAVR MEGANo. Of I/o's32
Eeprom Memory Size512ByteRam Memory Size1KB
Cpu Speed16MHzRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KITLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
Page 101
102
Page 102
103
Page 103
104
Page 104
105
Page 105
106
Page 106
107
Page 107
108
Page 108
109
Page 109
110
Page 110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
Page 103/352

Download datasheet (8Mb)Embed
PrevNext
value when the counter is running with none or a low prescaler value, there is a risk that the new
ICR1 value written is lower than the current value of TCNT1. The result will then be that the
counter will miss the compare match at the TOP value. The counter will then have to count to the
MAX value (0xFFFF) and wrap around starting at 0x0000 before the compare match can occur.
The OCR1A Register however, is double buffered. This feature allows the OCR1A I/O location
to be written anytime. When the OCR1A I/O location is written the value written will be put into
the OCR1A Buffer Register. The OCR1A Compare Register will then be updated with the value
in the Buffer Register at the next timer clock cycle the TCNT1 matches TOP. The update is done
at the same timer clock cycle as the TCNT1 is cleared and the TOV1 Flag is set.
Using the ICR1 Register for defining TOP works well when using fixed TOP values. By using
ICR1, the OCR1A Register is free to be used for generating a PWM output on OC1A. However,
if the base PWM frequency is actively changed (by changing the TOP value), using the OCR1A
as TOP is clearly a better choice due to its double buffer feature.
In fast PWM mode, the compare units allow generation of PWM waveforms on the OC1x pins.
Setting the COM1x1:0 bits to 2 will produce a non-inverted PWM and an inverted PWM output
can be generated by setting the COM1x1:0 to 3 (See
value will only be visible on the port pin if the data direction for the port pin is set as output
(DDR_OC1x). The PWM waveform is generated by setting (or clearing) the OC1x Register at
the compare match between OCR1x and TCNT1, and clearing (or setting) the OC1x Register at
the timer clock cycle the counter is cleared (changes from TOP to BOTTOM).
The PWM frequency for the output can be calculated by the following equation:
The N variable represents the prescaler divider (1, 8, 64, 256, or 1024).
The extreme values for the OCR1x Register represents special cases when generating a PWM
waveform output in the fast PWM mode. If the OCR1x is set equal to BOTTOM (0x0000) the out-
put will be a narrow spike for each TOP+1 timer clock cycle. Setting the OCR1x equal to TOP
will result in a constant high or low output (depending on the polarity of the output set by the
COM1x1:0 bits.)
A frequency (with 50% duty cycle) waveform output in fast PWM mode can be achieved by set-
ting OC1A to toggle its logical level on each compare match (COM1A1:0 = 1). This applies only
if OCR1A is used to define the TOP value (WGM13:0 = 15). The waveform generated will have
a maximum frequency of f
similar to the OC1A toggle in CTC mode, except the double buffer feature of the output compare
unit is enabled in the fast PWM mode.
16.9.4
Phase Correct PWM Mode
The phase correct Pulse Width Modulation or phase correct PWM mode (WGM13:0 = 1,2,3,10,
or 11) provides a high resolution phase correct PWM waveform generation option. The phase
correct PWM mode is, like the phase and frequency correct PWM mode, based on a dual-slope
operation. The counter counts repeatedly from BOTTOM (0x0000) to TOP and then from TOP to
BOTTOM. In non-inverting Compare Output mode, the Output Compare (OC1x) is cleared on
the compare match between TCNT1 and OCR1x while upcounting, and set on the compare
match while downcounting. In inverting Output Compare mode, the operation is inverted. The
dual-slope operation has lower maximum operation frequency than single slope operation. How-
ever, due to the symmetric feature of the dual-slope PWM modes, these modes are preferred for
motor control applications.
8154B–AVR–07/09
Table 16-2 on page
f
clk_I/O
f
=
---------------------------------- -
OCnxPWM
(
N
+
TOP
1
= f
/2 when OCR1A is set to zero (0x0000). This feature is
OC
A
clk_I/O
1
ATmega16A
110). The actual OC1x
)
103