MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA16A-PU
DescriptionMCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
ManufacturerAtmel
SeriesAVR® ATmega
ATMEGA16A-PU datasheets
 


Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core ProcessorAVRCore Size8-Bit
Speed16MHzConnectivityI²C, SPI, UART/USART
PeripheralsBrown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDTNumber Of I /o32
Program Memory Size16KB (8K x 16)Program Memory TypeFLASH
Eeprom Size512 x 8Ram Size1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)2.7 V ~ 5.5 VData ConvertersA/D 8x10b
Oscillator TypeInternalOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)Processor SeriesATMEGA16x
CoreAVR8Data Bus Width8 bit
Data Ram Size1 KBInterface Type2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency16 MHzNumber Of Programmable I/os32
Number Of Timers3Maximum Operating Temperature+ 85 C
Mounting StyleThrough Hole3rd Party Development ToolsEWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By SupplierATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKITMinimum Operating Temperature- 40 C
On-chip Adc8-ch x 10-bitPackage40PDIP
Device CoreAVRFamily NameATmega
Maximum Speed16 MHzOperating Supply Voltage3.3|5 V
Controller Family/seriesAVR MEGANo. Of I/o's32
Eeprom Memory Size512ByteRam Memory Size1KB
Cpu Speed16MHzRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KITLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
Page 111
112
Page 112
113
Page 113
114
Page 114
115
Page 115
116
Page 116
117
Page 117
118
Page 118
119
Page 119
120
Page 120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
212
213
214
215
216
217
218
219
220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
Page 120/352

Download datasheet (8Mb)Embed
PrevNext
Figure 17-3. Output Compare Unit, Block Diagram
The OCR2 Register is double buffered when using any of the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM)
modes. For the normal and Clear Timer on Compare (CTC) modes of operation, the double buff-
ering is disabled. The double buffering synchronizes the update of the OCR2 Compare Register
to either top or bottom of the counting sequence. The synchronization prevents the occurrence
of odd-length, non-symmetrical PWM pulses, thereby making the output glitch-free.
The OCR2 Register access may seem complex, but this is not case. When the double buffering
is enabled, the CPU has access to the OCR2 Buffer Register, and if double buffering is disabled
the CPU will access the OCR2 directly.
17.5.1
Force Output Compare
In non-PWM waveform generation modes, the match output of the comparator can be forced by
writing a one to the Force Output Compare (FOC2) bit. Forcing compare match will not set the
OCF2 Flag or reload/clear the timer, but the OC2 pin will be updated as if a real compare match
had occurred (the COM21:0 bits settings define whether the OC2 pin is set, cleared or toggled).
17.5.2
Compare Match Blocking by TCNT2 Write
All CPU write operations to the TCNT2 Register will block any compare match that occurs in the
next timer clock cycle, even when the timer is stopped. This feature allows OCR2 to be initialized
to the same value as TCNT2 without triggering an interrupt when the Timer/Counter clock is
enabled.
17.5.3
Using the Output Compare Unit
Since writing TCNT2 in any mode of operation will block all compare matches for one timer clock
cycle, there are risks involved when changing TCNT2 when using the output compare unit, inde-
pendently of whether the Timer/Counter is running or not. If the value written to TCNT2 equals
the OCR2 value, the compare match will be missed, resulting in incorrect waveform generation.
Similarly, do not write the TCNT2 value equal to BOTTOM when the counter is downcounting.
ATmega16A
120
DATA BUS
OCRn
=
(8-bit Comparator )
top
bottom
Waveform Generator
FOCn
WGMn1:0
COMn1:0
TCNTn
OCFn (Int.Req.)
OCxy
8154B–AVR–07/09