MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA16A-PU
DescriptionMCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
ManufacturerAtmel
SeriesAVR® ATmega
ATMEGA16A-PU datasheets
 


Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core ProcessorAVRCore Size8-Bit
Speed16MHzConnectivityI²C, SPI, UART/USART
PeripheralsBrown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDTNumber Of I /o32
Program Memory Size16KB (8K x 16)Program Memory TypeFLASH
Eeprom Size512 x 8Ram Size1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)2.7 V ~ 5.5 VData ConvertersA/D 8x10b
Oscillator TypeInternalOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)Processor SeriesATMEGA16x
CoreAVR8Data Bus Width8 bit
Data Ram Size1 KBInterface Type2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency16 MHzNumber Of Programmable I/os32
Number Of Timers3Maximum Operating Temperature+ 85 C
Mounting StyleThrough Hole3rd Party Development ToolsEWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By SupplierATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKITMinimum Operating Temperature- 40 C
On-chip Adc8-ch x 10-bitPackage40PDIP
Device CoreAVRFamily NameATmega
Maximum Speed16 MHzOperating Supply Voltage3.3|5 V
Controller Family/seriesAVR MEGANo. Of I/o's32
Eeprom Memory Size512ByteRam Memory Size1KB
Cpu Speed16MHzRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KITLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
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Page 250/352

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25. Boot Loader Support – Read-While-Write Self-Programming
25.1
Features
Read-While-Write Self-Programming
Flexible Boot Memory size
High Security (Separate Boot Lock Bits for a Flexible Protection)
Separate Fuse to Select Reset Vector
Optimized Page
Code Efficient Algorithm
Efficient Read-Modify-Write Support
Note:
25.2
Overview
The Boot Loader Support provides a real Read-While-Write Self-Programming mechanism for
downloading and uploading program code by the MCU itself. This feature allows flexible applica-
tion software updates controlled by the MCU using a Flash-resident Boot Loader program. The
Boot Loader program can use any available data interface and associated protocol to read code
and write (program) that code into the Flash memory, or read the code from the Program mem-
ory. The program code within the Boot Loader section has the capability to write into the entire
Flash, including the Boot Loader memory. The Boot Loader can thus even modify itself, and it
can also erase itself from the code if the feature is not needed anymore. The size of the Boot
Loader memory is configurable with Fuses and the Boot Loader has two separate sets of Boot
Lock bits which can be set independently. This gives the user a unique flexibility to select differ-
ent levels of protection.
25.3
Application and Boot Loader Flash Sections
The Flash memory is organized in two main sections, the Application section and the Boot
Loader section (see
BOOTSZ Fuses as shown in
have different level of protection since they have different sets of Lock bits.
25.3.1
Application Section
The Application section is the section of the Flash that is used for storing the application code.
The protection level for the application section can be selected by the Application Boot Lock bits
(Boot Lock bits 0), see
Boot Loader code since the SPM instruction is disabled when executed from the Application
section.
25.3.2
BLS – Boot Loader Section
While the Application section is used for storing the application code, the The Boot Loader soft-
ware must be located in the BLS since the SPM instruction can initiate a programming when
executing from the BLS only. The SPM instruction can access the entire Flash, including the
BLS itself. The protection level for the Boot Loader section can be selected by the Boot Loader
Lock bits (Boot Lock bits 1), see
ATmega16A
250
(1)
Size
1. A page is a section in the flash consisting of several bytes (see
used during programming. The page organization does not affect normal operation.
Figure
25-2). The size of the different sections is configured by the
Table 25-6 on page 262
Table 25-2 on page
Table 25-3 on page
Table 26-5 on page
and
Figure
25-2. These two sections can
254. The Application section can never store any
254.
267)
8154B–AVR–07/09