MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA16A-PU
DescriptionMCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
ManufacturerAtmel
SeriesAVR® ATmega
ATMEGA16A-PU datasheets
 


Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core ProcessorAVRCore Size8-Bit
Speed16MHzConnectivityI²C, SPI, UART/USART
PeripheralsBrown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDTNumber Of I /o32
Program Memory Size16KB (8K x 16)Program Memory TypeFLASH
Eeprom Size512 x 8Ram Size1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)2.7 V ~ 5.5 VData ConvertersA/D 8x10b
Oscillator TypeInternalOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)Processor SeriesATMEGA16x
CoreAVR8Data Bus Width8 bit
Data Ram Size1 KBInterface Type2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency16 MHzNumber Of Programmable I/os32
Number Of Timers3Maximum Operating Temperature+ 85 C
Mounting StyleThrough Hole3rd Party Development ToolsEWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By SupplierATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKITMinimum Operating Temperature- 40 C
On-chip Adc8-ch x 10-bitPackage40PDIP
Device CoreAVRFamily NameATmega
Maximum Speed16 MHzOperating Supply Voltage3.3|5 V
Controller Family/seriesAVR MEGANo. Of I/o's32
Eeprom Memory Size512ByteRam Memory Size1KB
Cpu Speed16MHzRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KITLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85
86
87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95
96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115
116
117
118
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
157
158
159
160
161
162
163
164
165
166
167
168
169
170
171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188
189
190
191
192
193
194
195
196
197
198
199
200
201
202
203
204
205
206
207
208
209
210
211
Page 211
212
Page 212
213
Page 213
214
Page 214
215
Page 215
216
Page 216
217
Page 217
218
Page 218
219
Page 219
220
Page 220
221
222
223
224
225
226
227
228
229
230
231
232
233
234
235
236
237
238
239
240
241
242
243
244
245
246
247
248
249
250
251
252
253
254
255
256
257
258
259
260
261
262
263
264
265
266
267
268
269
270
271
272
273
274
275
276
277
278
279
280
281
282
283
284
285
286
287
288
289
290
291
292
293
294
295
296
297
298
299
300
301
302
303
304
305
306
307
308
309
310
311
312
313
314
315
316
317
318
319
320
321
322
323
324
325
326
327
328
329
330
331
332
333
334
335
336
337
338
339
340
341
342
343
344
345
346
347
348
349
350
351
352
Page 213/352

Download datasheet (8Mb)Embed
PrevNext
Table 22-1.
Condition
First conversion
Normal conversions, single ended
Auto Triggered conversions
Normal conversions, differential
22.5.1
Differential Gain Channels
When using differential gain channels, certain aspects of the conversion need to be taken into
consideration.
Differential conversions are synchronized to the internal clock CK
clock. This synchronization is done automatically by the ADC interface in such a way that the
sample-and-hold occurs at a specific phase of CK
single conversions, and the first free running conversion) when CK
amount of time as a single ended conversion (13 ADC clock cycles from the next prescaled
clock cycle). A conversion initiated by the user when CK
cycles due to the synchronization mechanism. In Free Running mode, a new conversion is initi-
ated immediately after the previous conversion completes, and since CK
all automatically started (i.e., all but the first) free running conversions will take 14 ADC clock
cycles.
The gain stage is optimized for a bandwidth of 4 kHz at all gain settings. Higher frequencies may
be subjected to non-linear amplification. An external low-pass filter should be used if the input
signal contains higher frequency components than the gain stage bandwidth. Note that the ADC
clock frequency is independent of the gain stage bandwidth limitation. For example, the ADC
clock period may be 6 µs, allowing a channel to be sampled at 12 kSPS, regardless of the band-
width of this channel.
If differential gain channels are used and conversions are started by Auto Triggering, the ADC
must be switched off between conversions. When Auto Triggering is used, the ADC prescaler is
reset before the conversion is started. Since the gain stage is dependent of a stable ADC clock
prior to the conversion, this conversion will not be valid. By disabling and then re-enabling the
ADC between each conversion (writing ADEN in ADCSRA to “0” then to “1”), only extended con-
versions are performed. The result from the extended conversions will be valid. See
and Conversion Timing” on page 210
22.6
Changing Channel or Reference Selection
The MUXn and REFS1:0 bits in the ADMUX Register are single buffered through a temporary
register to which the CPU has random access. This ensures that the channels and reference
selection only takes place at a safe point during the conversion. The channel and reference
selection is continuously updated until a conversion is started. Once the conversion starts, the
channel and reference selection is locked to ensure a sufficient sampling time for the ADC. Con-
tinuous updating resumes in the last ADC clock cycle before the conversion completes (ADIF in
ADCSRA is set). Note that the conversion starts on the following rising ADC clock edge after
ADSC is written. The user is thus advised not to write new channel or reference selection values
to ADMUX until one ADC clock cycle after ADSC is written.
8154B–AVR–07/09
ADC Conversion Time
Sample & Hold (Cycles
from Start of Conversion)
for timing details.
ATmega16A
Conversion Time (Cycles)
13.5
25
1.5
13
2
13.5
1.5/2.5
13/14
equal to half the ADC
ADC2
. A conversion initiated by the user (i.e., all
ADC2
is low will take the same
ADC2
is high will take 14 ADC clock
ADC2
is high at this time,
ADC2
“Prescaling
213