ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 213

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant

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Manufacturer
Quantity
Price
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22.5.1
22.6
8154B–AVR–07/09
Changing Channel or Reference Selection
Differential Gain Channels
Table 22-1.
When using differential gain channels, certain aspects of the conversion need to be taken into
consideration.
Differential conversions are synchronized to the internal clock CK
clock. This synchronization is done automatically by the ADC interface in such a way that the
sample-and-hold occurs at a specific phase of CK
single conversions, and the first free running conversion) when CK
amount of time as a single ended conversion (13 ADC clock cycles from the next prescaled
clock cycle). A conversion initiated by the user when CK
cycles due to the synchronization mechanism. In Free Running mode, a new conversion is initi-
ated immediately after the previous conversion completes, and since CK
all automatically started (i.e., all but the first) free running conversions will take 14 ADC clock
cycles.
The gain stage is optimized for a bandwidth of 4 kHz at all gain settings. Higher frequencies may
be subjected to non-linear amplification. An external low-pass filter should be used if the input
signal contains higher frequency components than the gain stage bandwidth. Note that the ADC
clock frequency is independent of the gain stage bandwidth limitation. For example, the ADC
clock period may be 6 µs, allowing a channel to be sampled at 12 kSPS, regardless of the band-
width of this channel.
If differential gain channels are used and conversions are started by Auto Triggering, the ADC
must be switched off between conversions. When Auto Triggering is used, the ADC prescaler is
reset before the conversion is started. Since the gain stage is dependent of a stable ADC clock
prior to the conversion, this conversion will not be valid. By disabling and then re-enabling the
ADC between each conversion (writing ADEN in ADCSRA to “0” then to “1”), only extended con-
versions are performed. The result from the extended conversions will be valid. See
and Conversion Timing” on page 210
The MUXn and REFS1:0 bits in the ADMUX Register are single buffered through a temporary
register to which the CPU has random access. This ensures that the channels and reference
selection only takes place at a safe point during the conversion. The channel and reference
selection is continuously updated until a conversion is started. Once the conversion starts, the
channel and reference selection is locked to ensure a sufficient sampling time for the ADC. Con-
tinuous updating resumes in the last ADC clock cycle before the conversion completes (ADIF in
ADCSRA is set). Note that the conversion starts on the following rising ADC clock edge after
ADSC is written. The user is thus advised not to write new channel or reference selection values
to ADMUX until one ADC clock cycle after ADSC is written.
Condition
First conversion
Normal conversions, single ended
Auto Triggered conversions
Normal conversions, differential
ADC Conversion Time
for timing details.
from Start of Conversion)
Sample & Hold (Cycles
1.5/2.5
13.5
ADC2
1.5
2
. A conversion initiated by the user (i.e., all
ADC2
is high will take 14 ADC clock
ADC2
Conversion Time (Cycles)
ADC2
is low will take the same
ADC2
ATmega16A
equal to half the ADC
is high at this time,
13/14
13.5
25
13
“Prescaling
213

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