ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 76

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
14.6.1
14.7
14.7.1
14.7.2
76
Modes of Operation
ATmega16A
Compare Output Mode and Waveform Generation
Normal Mode
Clear Timer on Compare Match (CTC) Mode
The Waveform Generator uses the COM01:0 bits differently in normal, CTC, and PWM modes.
For all modes, setting the COM01:0 = 0 tells the waveform generator that no action on the OC0
Register is to be performed on the next compare match. For compare output actions in the non-
PWM modes refer to
83, and for phase correct PWM refer to
A change of the COM01:0 bits state will have effect at the first compare match after the bits are
written. For non-PWM modes, the action can be forced to have immediate effect by using the
FOC0 strobe bits.
The mode of operation, i.e., the behavior of the Timer/Counter and the Output Compare pins, is
defined by the combination of the Waveform Generation mode (WGM01:0) and Compare Output
mode (COM01:0) bits. The Compare Output mode bits do not affect the counting sequence,
while the Waveform Generation mode bits do. The COM01:0 bits control whether the PWM out-
put generated should be inverted or not (inverted or non-inverted PWM). For non-PWM modes
the COM01:0 bits control whether the output should be set, cleared, or toggled at a compare
match
For detailed timing information refer to
in
The simplest mode of operation is the normal mode (WGM01:0 = 0). In this mode the counting
direction is always up (incrementing), and no counter clear is performed. The counter simply
overruns when it passes its maximum 8-bit value (TOP = 0xFF) and then restarts from the bot-
tom (0x00). In normal operation the Timer/Counter Overflow Flag (
timer clock cycle as the TCNT0 becomes zero. The
bit, except that it is only set, not cleared. However, combined with the timer overflow interrupt
that automatically clears the
There are no special cases to consider in the normal mode, a new counter value can be written
anytime.
The output compare unit can be used to generate interrupts at some given time. Using the out-
put compare to generate waveforms in Normal mode is not recommended, since this will occupy
too much of the CPU time.
In Clear Timer on Compare or CTC mode (WGM01:0 = 2), the OCR0 Register is used to manip-
ulate the counter resolution. In CTC mode the counter is cleared to zero when the counter value
(TCNT0) matches the OCR0. The OCR0 defines the top value for the counter, hence also its
resolution. This mode allows greater control of the compare match output frequency. It also sim-
plifies the operation of counting external events.
The timing diagram for the CTC mode is shown in
increases until a compare match occurs between TCNT0 and OCR0, and then counter (TCNT0)
is cleared.
“Timer/Counter Timing Diagrams” on page
(See “Compare Match Output Unit” on page
Table 14-3 on page
TOV
0 Flag, the timer resolution can be increased by software.
Figure
Table 14-5 on page
83. For fast PWM mode, refer to
80.
14-8,
75.).
Figure
TOV
Figure
0 Flag in this case behaves like a ninth
14-9,
84.
14-5. The counter value (TCNT0)
Figure 14-10
TOV
0) will be set in the same
Table 14-4 on page
and
8154B–AVR–07/09
Figure 14-11

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