ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 160

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
19.7.6
19.7.7
19.8
19.8.1
160
Asynchronous Data Reception
ATmega16A
Disabling the Receiver
Flushing the Receive Buffer
Asynchronous Clock Recovery
The PE bit is set if the next character that can be read from the receive buffer had a parity error
when received and the parity checking was enabled at that point (UPM1 = 1). This bit is valid
until the receive buffer (UDR) is read.
In contrast to the Transmitter, disabling of the Receiver will be immediate. Data from ongoing
receptions will therefore be lost. When disabled (i.e., the RXEN is set to zero) the Receiver will
no longer override the normal function of the RxD port pin. The receiver buffer FIFO will be
flushed when the receiver is disabled. Remaining data in the buffer will be lost
The receiver buffer FIFO will be flushed when the Receiver is disabled, i.e., the buffer will be
emptied of its contents. Unread data will be lost. If the buffer has to be flushed during normal
operation, due to for instance an error condition, read the UDR I/O location until the RXC Flag is
cleared. The following code example shows how to flush the receive buffer.
Note:
The USART includes a clock recovery and a data recovery unit for handling asynchronous data
reception. The clock recovery logic is used for synchronizing the internally generated baud rate
clock to the incoming asynchronous serial frames at the RxD pin. The data recovery logic sam-
ples and low pass filters each incoming bit, thereby improving the noise immunity of the receiver.
The asynchronous reception operational range depends on the accuracy of the internal baud
rate clock, the rate of the incoming frames, and the frame size in number of bits.
The clock recovery logic synchronizes internal clock to the incoming serial frames.
illustrates the sampling process of the start bit of an incoming frame. The sample rate is 16 times
the baud rate for Normal mode, and 8 times the baud rate for Double Speed mode. The horizon-
tal arrows illustrate the synchronization variation due to the sampling process. Note the larger
time variation when using the double speed mode (U2X = 1) of operation. Samples denoted zero
are samples done when the RxD line is idle (i.e., no communication activity).
Assembly Code Example
C Code Example
USART_Flush:
void USART_Flush( void )
{
}
sbis UCSRA, RXC
ret
in
rjmp USART_Flush
unsigned char dummy;
while ( UCSRA & (1<<RXC) ) dummy = UDR;
1. See “About Code Examples” on page 7.
r16, UDR
(1)
(1)
8154B–AVR–07/09
Figure 19-5

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