ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 78

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
14.7.4
78
ATmega16A
Phase Correct PWM Mode
inverted PWM outputs. The small horizontal line marks on the TCNT0 slopes represent compare
matches between OCR0 and TCNT0.
Figure 14-6. Fast PWM Mode, Timing Diagram
The Timer/Counter Overflow Flag (TOV0) is set each time the counter reaches MAX. If the inter-
rupt is enabled, the interrupt handler routine can be used for updating the compare value.
In fast PWM mode, the compare unit allows generation of PWM waveforms on the OC0 pin. Set-
ting the COM01:0 bits to 2 will produce a non-inverted PWM and an inverted PWM output can
be generated by setting the COM01:0 to 3 (See
will only be visible on the port pin if the data direction for the port pin is set as output. The PWM
waveform is generated by setting (or clearing) the OC0 Register at the compare match between
OCR0 and TCNT0, and clearing (or setting) the OC0 Register at the timer clock cycle the coun-
ter is cleared (changes from MAX to BOTTOM).
The PWM frequency for the output can be calculated by the following equation:
The N variable represents the prescale factor (1, 8, 64, 256, or 1024).
The extreme values for the OCR0 Register represents special cases when generating a PWM
waveform output in the fast PWM mode. If the OCR0 is set equal to BOTTOM, the output will be
a narrow spike for each MAX+1 timer clock cycle. Setting the OCR0 equal to MAX will result in a
constantly high or low output (depending on the polarity of the output set by the COM01:0 bits.)
A frequency (with 50% duty cycle) waveform output in fast PWM mode can be achieved by set-
ting OC0 to toggle its logical level on each compare match (COM01:0 = 1). The waveform
generated will have a maximum frequency of f
ture is similar to the OC0 toggle in CTC mode, except the double buffer feature of the output
compare unit is enabled in the fast PWM mode.
The phase correct PWM mode (WGM01:0 = 1) provides a high resolution phase correct PWM
waveform generation option. The phase correct PWM mode is based on a dual-slope operation.
The counter counts repeatedly from BOTTOM to MAX and then from MAX to BOTTOM. In non-
TCNTn
OCn
OCn
Period
1
2
3
f
OCnPWM
4
OC0
=
5
Table 14-4 on page
= f
----------------- -
N 256
f
clk_I/O
clk_I/O
6
/2 when OCR0 is set to zero. This fea-
7
83). The actual OC0 value
OCRn Interrupt Flag Set
OCRn Update and
TOVn Interrupt Flag Set
(COMn1:0 = 2)
(COMn1:0 = 3)
8154B–AVR–07/09

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