ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 141

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
18.3
18.3.1
18.3.2
18.4
8154B–AVR–07/09
SS Pin Functionality
Data Modes
Slave Mode
Master Mode
When the SPI is configured as a Slave, the Slave Select (SS) pin is always input. When SS is
held low, the SPI is activated, and MISO becomes an output if configured so by the user. All
other pins are inputs. When SS is driven high, all pins are inputs except MISO which can be user
configured as an output, and the SPI is passive, which means that it will not receive incoming
data. Note that the SPI logic will be reset once the SS pin is driven high.
The SS pin is useful for packet/byte synchronization to keep the Slave Bit Counter synchronous
with the Master Clock generator. When the SS pin is driven high, the SPI Slave will immediately
reset the send and receive logic, and drop any partially received data in the Shift Register.
When the SPI is configured as a Master (MSTR in SPCR is set), the user can determine the
direction of the SS pin.
If SS is configured as an output, the pin is a general output pin which does not affect the SPI
system. Typically, the pin will be driving the SS pin of the SPI Slave.
If SS is configured as an input, it must be held high to ensure Master SPI operation. If the SS pin
is driven low by peripheral circuitry when the SPI is configured as a Master with the SS pin
defined as an input, the SPI system interprets this as another Master selecting the SPI as a
Slave and starting to send data to it. To avoid bus contention, the SPI system takes the following
actions:
Thus, when interrupt-driven SPI transmission is used in Master mode, and there exists a possi-
bility that SS is driven low, the interrupt should always check that the MSTR bit is still set. If the
MSTR bit has been cleared by a Slave Select, it must be set by the user to re-enable SPI Master
mode.
There are four combinations of SCK phase and polarity with respect to serial data, which are
determined by control bits CPHA and CPOL. The SPI data transfer formats are shown in
18-2
nal, ensuring sufficient time for data signals to stabilize. This is clearly seen by summarizing
Table 18-3
Table 18-2.
1. The MSTR bit in SPCR is cleared and the SPI system becomes a Slave. As a result of
2. The SPIF Flag in SPSR is set, and if the SPI interrupt is enabled, and the I-bit in SREG
CPOL = 0, CPHA = 0
CPOL = 0, CPHA = 1
CPOL = 1, CPHA = 0
CPOL = 1, CPHA = 1
and
the SPI becoming a Slave, the MOSI and SCK pins become inputs.
is set, the interrupt routine will be executed.
Figure
and
CPOL and CPHA Functionality
Table
18-3. Data bits are shifted out and latched in on opposite edges of the SCK sig-
18-4, as done below:
Sample (Rising)
Sample (Falling)
Leading Edge
Setup (Rising)
Setup (Falling)
Sample (Falling)
Sample (Rising)
Setup (Falling)
Setup (Rising)
Trailing Edge
ATmega16A
SPI Mode
0
1
2
3
Figure
141

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