ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 183

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant

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Manufacturer
Quantity
Price
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20.6
Figure 20-10. Interfacing the Application to the TWI in a Typical Transmission
8154B–AVR–07/09
Application
Hardware
Action
Action
TWI
Using the TWI
TWI bus
writes to TWCR to
transmission of
1. Application
START condition sent
Status code indicates
START
initiate
2. TWINT set.
START
The AVR TWI is byte-oriented and interrupt based. Interrupts are issued after all bus events, like
reception of a byte or transmission of a START condition. Because the TWI is interrupt-based,
the application software is free to carry on other operations during a TWI byte transfer. Note that
the TWI Interrupt Enable (TWIE) bit in TWCR together with the Global Interrupt Enable bit in
SREG allow the application to decide whether or not assertion of the TWINT Flag should gener-
ate an interrupt request. If the TWIE bit is cleared, the application must poll the TWINT Flag in
order to detect actions on the TWI bus.
When the TWINT Flag is asserted, the TWI has finished an operation and awaits application
response. In this case, the TWI Status Register (TWSR) contains a value indicating the current
state of the TWI bus. The application software can then decide how the TWI should behave in
the next TWI bus cycle by manipulating the TWCR and TWDR Registers.
Figure 20-10
this example, a Master wishes to transmit a single data byte to a Slave. This description is quite
abstract, a more detailed explanation follows later in this section. A simple code example imple-
menting the desired behavior is also presented.
TWCR, making sure that TWINT is written
Application loads SLA+W into TWDR, and
• After the TWI has transmitted an address byte
• After the TWI has lost arbitration
• After the TWI has been addressed by own Slave address or general call
• After the TWI has received a data byte
• After a STOP or REPEATED START has been received while still addressed as a Slave.
• When a bus error has occurred due to an illegal START or STOP condition
1. The first step in a TWI transmission is to transmit a START condition. This is done by
3. Check TWSR to see if START was
to one, and TWSTA is written to zero
loads appropriate control signalsinto
writing a specific value into TWCR, instructing the TWI hardware to transmit a START
condition. Which value to write is described later on. However, it is important that the
TWINT bit is set in the value written. Writing a one to TWINT clears the flag. The TWI
will not start any operation as long as the TWINT bit in TWCR is set. Immediately after
is a simple example of how the application can interface to the TWI hardware. In
sent.
SLA+W
Status code indicates
SLA+W sent, ACK
4. TWINT set.
received
A
Application loads data into TWDR, and
5. Check TWSR to see if SLA+W was
loads appropriate control signals into
TWCR, making sure that TWINT is
sent and ACK received.
written to one
Data
data sent, ACK received
Status code indicates
6. TWINT set.
A
making sure that TWINT is written to one
7. Check TWSR to see if data was sent
Application loads appropriate control
signals to send STOP into TWCR,
STOP
ATmega16A
and ACK received.
TWINT set
Indicates
183

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