ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 125

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
8154B–AVR–07/09
The counter counts repeatedly from BOTTOM to MAX and then from MAX to BOTTOM. In non-
inverting Compare Output mode, the Output Compare (OC2) is cleared on the compare match
between TCNT2 and OCR2 while upcounting, and set on the compare match while downcount-
ing. In inverting Output Compare mode, the operation is inverted. The dual-slope operation has
lower maximum operation frequency than single slope operation. However, due to the symmet-
ric feature of the dual-slope PWM modes, these modes are preferred for motor control
applications.
The PWM resolution for the phase correct PWM mode is fixed to 8 bits. In phase correct PWM
mode the counter is incremented until the counter value matches MAX. When the counter
reaches MAX, it changes the count direction. The TCNT2 value will be equal to MAX for one
timer clock cycle. The timing diagram for the phase correct PWM mode is shown on
The TCNT2 value is in the timing diagram shown as a histogram for illustrating the dual-slope
operation. The diagram includes non-inverted and inverted PWM outputs. The small horizontal
line marks on the TCNT2 slopes represent compare matches between OCR2 and TCNT2.
Figure 17-7. Phase Correct PWM Mode, Timing Diagram
The Timer/Counter Overflow Flag (
Interrupt Flag can be used to generate an interrupt each time the counter reaches the BOTTOM
value.
In phase correct PWM mode, the compare unit allows generation of PWM waveforms on the
OC2 pin. Setting the COM21:0 bits to 2 will produce a non-inverted PWM. An inverted PWM out-
put can be generated by setting the COM21:0 to 3 (see
OC2 value will only be visible on the port pin if the data direction for the port pin is set as output.
The PWM waveform is generated by clearing (or setting) the OC2 Register at the compare
match between OCR2 and TCNT2 when the counter increments, and setting (or clearing) the
OC2 Register at compare match between OCR2 and TCNT2 when the counter decrements. The
PWM frequency for the output when using phase correct PWM can be calculated by the follow-
ing equation:
TCNTn
OCn
OCn
Period
1
TOV2
f
OCnPCPWM
) is set each time the counter reaches BOTTOM. The
2
=
----------------- -
N 510
f
clk_I/O
Table 17-5 on page
3
OCn Interrupt Flag Set
OCRn Update
TOVn Interrupt Flag Set
(COMn1:0 = 2)
(COMn1:0 = 3)
ATmega16A
132). The actual
Figure
17-7.
125

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