ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 201
Manufacturer Part Number
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
512 x 8
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Data Bus Width
Data Ram Size
Maximum Clock Frequency
Number Of Programmable I/os
Number Of Timers
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
3rd Party Development Tools
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
8-ch x 10-bit
Operating Supply Voltage
No. Of I/o's
Eeprom Memory Size
Ram Memory Size
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
bus are written to the TWDR. It also indicates a write collision if data is attempted written to
TWDR while the register is inaccessible.
• Bit 7 – TWINT: TWI Interrupt Flag
This bit is set by hardware when the TWI has finished its current job and expects application
software response. If the I-bit in SREG and TWIE in TWCR are set, the MCU will jump to the
TWI Interrupt Vector. While the TWINT Flag is set, the SCL low period is stretched. The TWINT
Flag must be cleared by software by writing a logic one to it. Note that this flag is not automati-
cally cleared by hardware when executing the interrupt routine. Also note that clearing this flag
starts the operation of the TWI, so all accesses to the TWI Address Register (TWAR), TWI Sta-
tus Register (TWSR), and TWI Data Register (TWDR) must be complete before clearing this
• Bit 6 – TWEA: TWI Enable Acknowledge Bit
The TWEA bit controls the generation of the acknowledge pulse. If the TWEA bit is written to
one, the ACK pulse is generated on the TWI bus if the following conditions are met:
By writing the TWEA bit to zero, the device can be virtually disconnected from the Two-wire
Serial Bus temporarily. Address recognition can then be resumed by writing the TWEA bit to one
• Bit 5 – TWSTA: TWI START Condition Bit
The application writes the TWSTA bit to one when it desires to become a Master on the Two-
wire Serial Bus. The TWI hardware checks if the bus is available, and generates a START con-
dition on the bus if it is free. However, if the bus is not free, the TWI waits until a STOP condition
is detected, and then generates a new START condition to claim the bus Master status. TWSTA
must be cleared by software when the START condition has been transmitted.
• Bit 4 – TWSTO: TWI STOP Condition Bit
Writing the TWSTO bit to one in Master mode will generate a STOP condition on the Two-wire
Serial Bus. When the STOP condition is executed on the bus, the TWSTO bit is cleared auto-
matically. In Slave mode, setting the TWSTO bit can be used to recover from an error condition.
This will not generate a STOP condition, but the TWI returns to a well-defined unaddressed
Slave mode and releases the SCL and SDA lines to a high impedance state.
• Bit 3 – TWWC: TWI Write Collision Flag
The TWWC bit is set when attempting to write to the TWI Data Register – TWDR when TWINT is
low. This flag is cleared by writing the TWDR Register when TWINT is high.
• Bit 2 – TWEN: TWI Enable Bit
The TWEN bit enables TWI operation and activates the TWI interface. When TWEN is written to
one, the TWI takes control over the I/O pins connected to the SCL and SDA pins, enabling the
slew-rate limiters and spike filters. If this bit is written to zero, the TWI is switched off and all TWI
transmissions are terminated, regardless of any ongoing operation.
• Bit 1 – Res: Reserved Bit
This bit is a reserved bit and will always read as zero.
1. The device’s own Slave address has been received.
2. A general call has been received, while the TWGCE bit in the TWAR is set.
3. A data byte has been received in Master Receiver or Slave Receiver mode.