ATMEGA16A-PU Atmel, ATMEGA16A-PU Datasheet - Page 260

MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part Number
ATMEGA16A-PU
Description
MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
Manufacturer
Atmel
Series
AVR® ATmegar
Datasheets

Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core Processor
AVR
Core Size
8-Bit
Speed
16MHz
Connectivity
I²C, SPI, UART/USART
Peripherals
Brown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDT
Number Of I /o
32
Program Memory Size
16KB (8K x 16)
Program Memory Type
FLASH
Eeprom Size
512 x 8
Ram Size
1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)
2.7 V ~ 5.5 V
Data Converters
A/D 8x10b
Oscillator Type
Internal
Operating Temperature
-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case
40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)
Processor Series
ATMEGA16x
Core
AVR8
Data Bus Width
8 bit
Data Ram Size
1 KB
Interface Type
2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency
16 MHz
Number Of Programmable I/os
32
Number Of Timers
3
Maximum Operating Temperature
+ 85 C
Mounting Style
Through Hole
3rd Party Development Tools
EWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By Supplier
ATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKIT
Minimum Operating Temperature
- 40 C
On-chip Adc
8-ch x 10-bit
Package
40PDIP
Device Core
AVR
Family Name
ATmega
Maximum Speed
16 MHz
Operating Supply Voltage
3.3|5 V
Controller Family/series
AVR MEGA
No. Of I/o's
32
Eeprom Memory Size
512Byte
Ram Memory Size
1KB
Cpu Speed
16MHz
Rohs Compliant
Yes
For Use With
ATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KIT
Lead Free Status / RoHS Status
Lead free / RoHS Compliant
25.8.10
25.8.11
25.8.12
260
ATmega16A
Preventing Flash Corruption
Programming Time for Flash when using SPM
Simple Assembly Code Example for a Boot Loader
the value of the Fuse High bits (FHB) will be loaded in the destination register as shown below.
Refer to
Fuse and Lock bits that are programmed, will be read as zero. Fuse and Lock bits that are
unprogrammed, will be read as one.
During periods of low V
low for the CPU and the Flash to operate properly. These issues are the same as for board level
systems using the Flash, and the same design solutions should be applied.
A Flash program corruption can be caused by two situations when the voltage is too low. First, a
regular write sequence to the Flash requires a minimum voltage to operate correctly. Secondly,
the CPU itself can execute instructions incorrectly, if the supply voltage for executing instructions
is too low.
Flash corruption can easily be avoided by following these design recommendations (one is
sufficient):
The Calibrated RC Oscillator is used to time Flash accesses.
gramming time for Flash accesses from the CPU.
Table 25-5.
Bit
Rd
Symbol
Flash write (Page Erase, Page Write,
and write Lock bits by SPM)
1. If there is no need for a Boot Loader update in the system, program the Boot Loader
2. Keep the AVR RESET active (low) during periods of insufficient power supply voltage.
3. Keep the AVR core in Power-down Sleep mode during periods of low V
Lock bits to prevent any Boot Loader software updates.
This can be done by enabling the internal Brown-out Detector (BOD) if the operating
voltage matches the detection level. If not, an external low V
can be used. If a reset occurs while a write operation is in progress, the write operation
will be completed provided that the power supply voltage is sufficient.
vent the CPU from attempting to decode and execute instructions, effectively protecting
the SPMCR Register and thus the Flash from unintentional writes.
;-the routine writes one page of data from RAM to Flash
; the first data location in RAM is pointed to by the Y pointer
; the first data location in Flash is pointed to by the Z pointer
;-error handling is not included
;-the routine must be placed inside the boot space
; (at least the Do_spm sub routine). Only code inside NRWW section can
; be read during self-programming (page erase and page write).
;-registers used: r0, r1, temp1 (r16), temp2 (r17), looplo (r24),
; loophi (r25), spmcrval (r20)
; storing and restoring of registers is not included in the routine
; register usage can be optimized at the expense of code size
;-It is assumed that either the interrupt table is moved to the Boot
Table 26-3 on page 265
SPM Programming Time.
FHB7
7
CC,
FHB6
the Flash program can be corrupted because the supply voltage is too
6
for detailed description and mapping of the Fuse High bits.
FHB5
5
Min Programming Time
FHB4
4
3.7 ms
FHB3
3
FHB2
Table 25-5
2
CC
Reset Protection circuit
Max Programming Time
FHB1
1
shows the typical pro-
CC
4.5 ms
. This will pre-
FHB0
0
8154B–AVR–07/09

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