MCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP

ATMEGA16A-PU

Manufacturer Part NumberATMEGA16A-PU
DescriptionMCU AVR 16K FLASH 16MHZ 40-PDIP
ManufacturerAtmel
SeriesAVR® ATmega
ATMEGA16A-PU datasheets
 


Specifications of ATMEGA16A-PU

Core ProcessorAVRCore Size8-Bit
Speed16MHzConnectivityI²C, SPI, UART/USART
PeripheralsBrown-out Detect/Reset, POR, PWM, WDTNumber Of I /o32
Program Memory Size16KB (8K x 16)Program Memory TypeFLASH
Eeprom Size512 x 8Ram Size1K x 8
Voltage - Supply (vcc/vdd)2.7 V ~ 5.5 VData ConvertersA/D 8x10b
Oscillator TypeInternalOperating Temperature-40°C ~ 85°C
Package / Case40-DIP (0.600", 15.24mm)Processor SeriesATMEGA16x
CoreAVR8Data Bus Width8 bit
Data Ram Size1 KBInterface Type2-Wire/SPI/USART
Maximum Clock Frequency16 MHzNumber Of Programmable I/os32
Number Of Timers3Maximum Operating Temperature+ 85 C
Mounting StyleThrough Hole3rd Party Development ToolsEWAVR, EWAVR-BL
Development Tools By SupplierATAVRDRAGON, ATSTK500, ATSTK600, ATAVRISP2, ATAVRONEKITMinimum Operating Temperature- 40 C
On-chip Adc8-ch x 10-bitPackage40PDIP
Device CoreAVRFamily NameATmega
Maximum Speed16 MHzOperating Supply Voltage3.3|5 V
Controller Family/seriesAVR MEGANo. Of I/o's32
Eeprom Memory Size512ByteRam Memory Size1KB
Cpu Speed16MHzRohs CompliantYes
For Use WithATSTK600 - DEV KIT FOR AVR/AVR32ATSTK500 - PROGRAMMER AVR STARTER KITLead Free Status / RoHS StatusLead free / RoHS Compliant
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Page 184/352

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the application has cleared TWINT, the TWI will initiate transmission of the START
condition.
2. When the START condition has been transmitted, the TWINT Flag in TWCR is set, and
TWSR is updated with a status code indicating that the START condition has success-
fully been sent.
3. The application software should now examine the value of TWSR, to make sure that the
START condition was successfully transmitted. If TWSR indicates otherwise, the appli-
cation software might take some special action, like calling an error routine. Assuming
that the status code is as expected, the application must load SLA+W into TWDR.
Remember that TWDR is used both for address and data. After TWDR has been
loaded with the desired SLA+W, a specific value must be written to TWCR, instructing
the TWI hardware to transmit the SLA+W present in TWDR. Which value to write is
described later on. However, it is important that the TWINT bit is set in the value written.
Writing a one to TWINT clears the flag. The TWI will not start any operation as long as
the TWINT bit in TWCR is set. Immediately after the application has cleared TWINT,
the TWI will initiate transmission of the address packet.
4. When the address packet has been transmitted, the TWINT Flag in TWCR is set, and
TWSR is updated with a status code indicating that the address packet has success-
fully been sent. The status code will also reflect whether a Slave acknowledged the
packet or not.
5. The application software should now examine the value of TWSR, to make sure that the
address packet was successfully transmitted, and that the value of the ACK bit was as
expected. If TWSR indicates otherwise, the application software might take some spe-
cial action, like calling an error routine. Assuming that the status code is as expected,
the application must load a data packet into TWDR. Subsequently, a specific value
must be written to TWCR, instructing the TWI hardware to transmit the data packet
present in TWDR. Which value to write is described later on. However, it is important
that the TWINT bit is set in the value written. Writing a one to TWINT clears the flag.
The TWI will not start any operation as long as the TWINT bit in TWCR is set. Immedi-
ately after the application has cleared TWINT, the TWI will initiate transmission of the
data packet.
6. When the data packet has been transmitted, the TWINT Flag in TWCR is set, and
TWSR is updated with a status code indicating that the data packet has successfully
been sent. The status code will also reflect whether a Slave acknowledged the packet
or not.
7. The application software should now examine the value of TWSR, to make sure that the
data packet was successfully transmitted, and that the value of the ACK bit was as
expected. If TWSR indicates otherwise, the application software might take some spe-
cial action, like calling an error routine. Assuming that the status code is as expected,
the application must write a specific value to TWCR, instructing the TWI hardware to
transmit a STOP condition. Which value to write is described later on. However, it is
important that the TWINT bit is set in the value written. Writing a one to TWINT clears
the flag. The TWI will not start any operation as long as the TWINT bit in TWCR is set.
Immediately after the application has cleared TWINT, the TWI will initiate transmission
of the STOP condition. Note that TWINT is NOT set after a STOP condition has been
sent.
Even though this example is simple, it shows the principles involved in all TWI transmissions.
These can be summarized as follows:
• When the TWI has finished an operation and expects application response, the TWINT Flag
is set. The SCL line is pulled low until TWINT is cleared.
ATmega16A
184
8154B–AVR–07/09