ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 169

no-image

ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes
19.3
19.3.1
19.3.2
19.4
8025M–AVR–6/11
SS Pin Functionality
Data Modes
Slave Mode
Master Mode
When the SPI is configured as a Slave, the Slave Select (SS) pin is always input. When SS is
held low, the SPI is activated, and MISO becomes an output if configured so by the user. All
other pins are inputs. When SS is driven high, all pins are inputs, and the SPI is passive, which
means that it will not receive incoming data. Note that the SPI logic will be reset once the SS pin
is driven high.
The SS pin is useful for packet/byte synchronization to keep the slave bit counter synchronous
with the master clock generator. When the SS pin is driven high, the SPI slave will immediately
reset the send and receive logic, and drop any partially received data in the Shift Register.
When the SPI is configured as a Master (MSTR in SPCR is set), the user can determine the
direction of the SS pin.
If SS is configured as an output, the pin is a general output pin which does not affect the SPI
system. Typically, the pin will be driving the SS pin of the SPI Slave.
If SS is configured as an input, it must be held high to ensure Master SPI operation. If the SS pin
is driven low by peripheral circuitry when the SPI is configured as a Master with the SS pin
defined as an input, the SPI system interprets this as another master selecting the SPI as a
slave and starting to send data to it. To avoid bus contention, the SPI system takes the following
actions:
1. The MSTR bit in SPCR is cleared and the SPI system becomes a Slave. As a result of
2. The SPIF Flag in SPSR is set, and if the SPI interrupt is enabled, and the I-bit in SREG is
Thus, when interrupt-driven SPI transmission is used in Master mode, and there exists a possi-
bility that SS is driven low, the interrupt should always check that the MSTR bit is still set. If the
MSTR bit has been cleared by a slave select, it must be set by the user to re-enable SPI Master
mode.
There are four combinations of SCK phase and polarity with respect to serial data, which are
determined by control bits CPHA and CPOL. The SPI data transfer formats are shown in
19-3
the SCK signal, ensuring sufficient time for data signals to stabilize. This is clearly seen by sum-
marizing
Table 19-2.
the SPI becoming a Slave, the MOSI and SCK pins become inputs.
set, the interrupt routine will be executed.
SPI Mode
and
0
1
2
3
Table 19-3 on page 171
Figure 19-4 on page
SPI Modes
CPOL=0, CPHA=0
CPOL=0, CPHA=1
CPOL=1, CPHA=0
CPOL=1, CPHA=1
Conditions
170. Data bits are shifted out and latched in on opposite edges of
and
Table 19-4 on page
Sample (Falling)
Sample (Rising)
Leading Edge
Setup (Falling)
Setup (Rising)
ATmega48P/88P/168P
171, as done in
Table
Sample (Falling)
Sample (Rising)
Setup (Falling)
Setup (Rising)
Trailing eDge
19-2.
Figure
169

Related parts for ATmega168P