ATmega168P Atmel Corporation, ATmega168P Datasheet - Page 237

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ATmega168P

Manufacturer Part Number
ATmega168P
Description
Manufacturer
Atmel Corporation
Datasheets

Specifications of ATmega168P

Flash (kbytes)
16 Kbytes
Pin Count
32
Max. Operating Frequency
20 MHz
Cpu
8-bit AVR
# Of Touch Channels
16
Hardware Qtouch Acquisition
No
Max I/o Pins
23
Ext Interrupts
24
Usb Speed
No
Usb Interface
No
Spi
2
Twi (i2c)
1
Uart
1
Graphic Lcd
No
Video Decoder
No
Camera Interface
No
Adc Channels
8
Adc Resolution (bits)
10
Adc Speed (ksps)
15
Analog Comparators
1
Resistive Touch Screen
No
Temp. Sensor
Yes
Crypto Engine
No
Sram (kbytes)
1
Eeprom (bytes)
512
Self Program Memory
YES
Dram Memory
No
Nand Interface
No
Picopower
Yes
Temp. Range (deg C)
-40 to 85
I/o Supply Class
1.8 to 5.5
Operating Voltage (vcc)
1.8 to 5.5
Fpu
No
Mpu / Mmu
no / no
Timers
3
Output Compare Channels
6
Input Capture Channels
1
Pwm Channels
6
32khz Rtc
Yes
Calibrated Rc Oscillator
Yes

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22.7.5
Table 22-6.
22.7.6
8025M–AVR–6/11
Status Code
(TWSR)
Prescaler Bits
are 0
0xF8
0x00
Miscellaneous States
Combining Several TWI Modes
Status of the 2-wire Serial Bus
and 2-wire Serial Interface
Hardware
No relevant state information
available; TWINT = “0”
Bus error due to an illegal
START or STOP condition
Miscellaneous States
Figure 22-18. Formats and States in the Slave Transmitter Mode
There are two status codes that do not correspond to a defined TWI state, see
Status 0xF8 indicates that no relevant information is available because the TWINT Flag is not
set. This occurs between other states, and when the TWI is not involved in a serial transfer.
Status 0x00 indicates that a bus error has occurred during a 2-wire Serial Bus transfer. A bus
error occurs when a START or STOP condition occurs at an illegal position in the format frame.
Examples of such illegal positions are during the serial transfer of an address byte, a data byte,
or an acknowledge bit. When a bus error occurs, TWINT is set. To recover from a bus error, the
TWSTO Flag must set and TWINT must be cleared by writing a logic one to it. This causes the
TWI to enter the not addressed Slave mode and to clear the TWSTO Flag (no other bits in
TWCR are affected). The SDA and SCL lines are released, and no STOP condition is
transmitted.
In some cases, several TWI modes must be combined in order to complete the desired action.
Consider for example reading data from a serial EEPROM. Typically, such a transfer involves
the following steps:
1. The transfer must be initiated.
2. The EEPROM must be instructed what location should be read.
3. The reading must be performed.
4. The transfer must be finished.
Reception of the own
slave address and one or
more data bytes
Arbitration lost as master
and addressed as slave
Last data byte transmitted.
Switched to not addressed
slave (TWEA = '0')
To/from TWDR
No TWDR action
No TWDR action
From master to slave
From slave to master
S
Application Software Response
SLA
STA
0
No TWCR action
STO
R
1
DATA
To TWCR
$A8
$B0
TWIN
A
A
n
T
1
A
TWE
A
X
DATA
Any number of data bytes
and their associated acknowledge bits
This number (contained in TWSR) corresponds
to a defined state of the 2-Wire Serial Bus. The
prescaler bits are zero or masked to zero
ATmega48P/88P/168P
Next Action Taken by TWI Hardware
Only the internal hardware is affected, no STOP condi-
tion is sent on the bus. In all cases, the bus is released
and TWSTO is cleared.
Wait or proceed current transfer
$B8
A
DATA
$C0
$C8
A
A
Table
P or S
All 1's
22-6.
P or S
237

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